New York in New York County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Historic Battery Park & Castle Clinton
Completed in 1811, as part of New York City’s harbor defense, Castle Clinton is among the oldest, most visited public buildings in Downtown. Transformed in 1824 into Castle Garden, showcasing balloonists, fireworks, and Italian opera companies, the former fort became the city’s leading place of entertainment, and its preferred location for grand entrances by visiting celebrities. From 1855 until 1890 Castle Garden served as America’s first official landing depot for new immigrants, “so well known in Europe,” according to the New York Times in 1874, “that few immigrants
From 1896 to 1941, Castle Garden served as the New York Aquarium, in its day the world’s largest. 100 wall tanks and 7 large pools played home to 8,000 creatures including turtles, sea lions, sturgeon, alligators, crocodiles, manatees, porpoises, beavers, seacows, electric eels, and whales, many living in salt water pumped in from New York Bay.
Today, Castle Clinton is a National Monument operated by the National Park Service.
Erected by The Alliance for Downtown New York, Inc.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Notable Places. A significant historical year for this entry is 1811.
Location. 40° 42.27′ N, 74° 0.865′ W. Marker is in New York, New York, in New York County. Marker is at the intersection of State Street and Battery Place, on the left when traveling north on State Street. The marker is located at the northeast entrance to Battery Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: New York NY 10004, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Netherlands Memorial (a few steps from this marker); Netherlands Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort Amsterdam (within shouting distance of this marker); Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House / National Museum of the American Indian American Merchant Marine (within shouting distance of this marker); George Gustav Heye (within shouting distance of this marker); Native People Of The Western Hemisphere (within shouting distance of this marker); Sharing the Circle (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New York.
More about this marker. There are several pictures on the marker. The top right features an “Aerial view of Manhattan circa 1855.” The left side of the marker contains a picture of 19th century visitors to Castle Garden. Below this is a photograph of “A boy riding a sea turtle at the New York Aquarium.”
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Take a tour of the markers in lower Manhattan erected by the Alliance for Downtown New York, Inc.
Also see . . .
1. Castle Clinton National Monument. Nation Park Service website. (Submitted on June 5, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey.)
2. Castle Clinton. The Battery Conservancy website. (Submitted on June 5, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey.)
3. Castle Clinton -- the Battery. "Daytonian in Manhattan" entry. (Submitted on April 10, 2020, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.)
Credits. This page was last revised on April 10, 2020. It was originally submitted on June 5, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,505 times since then and 9 times this year. Last updated on December 2, 2018, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on June 5, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey. 8, 9. submitted on November 24, 2018, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. 10. submitted on December 2, 2018, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.