Port Hudson in East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana — The American South (West South-Central)
U.S. Army 20-Pounder Parrott Rifle
Robert Parker Parrott, a former U.S. army officer, invented a series of rifled, reinforced-breech, iron cannon. The cannon were manufactured at the West Point Foundry in Cold Springs, New York, and were made in different calibers: 10-pounder (2.9-inch), 10-pounder (3-inch), 20-pounder (3.67-inch), 30-pounder (4.2 -inch), 60- pounder (5.3-inch), 100-pounder (6.4-inch), 200-pounder (8-inch) and 300-pounder (10-inch).
The U.S. army adopted the 3.67-inch, or 20-pounder Parrott in 1861. The 20-pounder Parrotts were some of the first rifled cannon and some of the heaviest cannon used by the field or light artillery. They were not popular due to their excessive weight.
The Confederate army used captured Parrotts and manufactured some of their own. The Tredegar Foundry in Richmond Virginia was one of the sources for domestically produced Parrott rifles.
Length 89.5 inches
Weight 1750 pounds
Bore diameter 3.67 inches
Range 4400 yards
Solid shot weight 19.75 pounds
Case shot weight 19.5 pounds
Shell weight 18.75 pounds
Powder charge 2 pounds
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Field Artillery Limber (a few steps from this marker); Union Battery No. 1 (within shouting distance of this marker); Port Hudson (within shouting distance of this marker); Port Hudson Peace Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); U.S. Navy 42-Pounder Gun, Model 1816 On Barbette Carriage (within shouting distance of this marker); U.S. Navy 8 - Inch Shell Gun (approx. 0.2 miles away); U.S. Navy 32 Pounder Gun (approx. 0.2 miles away); Union Battery No. 6 (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Port Hudson.
More about this marker. Located in kiosk just outside of Port Hudson Historic Site museum.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
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Credits. This page was last revised on January 27, 2019. This page originally submitted on January 19, 2019, by Cajun Scrambler of Assumption, Louisiana. This page has been viewed 88 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on January 19, 2019.