“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Cumberland Township in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

Artillery Brigade

Third Corps


— Army of the Potomac —

Artillery Brigade Tablet image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, June 28, 2008
1. Artillery Brigade Tablet
The diamond symbol of the Third Federal Corps is at the top of the Tablet.
Army of the Potomac
Third Corps
Artillery Brigade

Capt George E. Randolph
Capt. A. Judson Clark
2nd New Jersey Battery, Six 10 pounder Parrotts
Capt. A. Judson Clark, Lieut Robert Sims
1st New York Battery D, Six 12 pounders
Capt. George B. Winslow
4th New York Battery, Six 10 pounder Parrotts
Capt. James E. Smith
1st Rhode Island Battery E, Six 12 pounders
Lieut. John K. Bucklyn, Lieut. Benjamin Freeborn
4th U.S. Battery K, Six 12 pounders
Lieut. Francis W. Seeley, Lieut. Robert James

July 2 On the advance of the Corps between 2 and 3 p.m. the 4th New York Battery was placed near Devil's Den. Battery D 1st New York in the Wheatfield. 9th and 5th Mass. (E 10th New York attached) Batteries from Artillery Reserve on Wheatfield Road. 2d New Jersey Battery near Peach Orchard. Battery G 1st New York from Artillery Reserve in the Peach Orchard.

Along Emmitsburg Road were Batteries E 1st Rhode Island, K 4th U.S. and F & K 3d U.S. from the Artillery Reserve.
The Artillery at Peach Orchard was re-inforced by Battery I 5th U.S., 15th New York Battery, and Penna. C & F from Artillery
Artillery Brigade Tablet image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, June 28, 2008
2. Artillery Brigade Tablet
Click or scan to see
this page online

July 3 Not engaged except Battery K 4th U.S. early in the morning.

Casualties killed 8 men. Wounded 3 officers 78 men. Captured or missing 17 men. Total 106.
Erected 1912 by Gettysburg National Military Park Commission.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is July 2, 1863.
Location. 39° 48.167′ N, 77° 14.81′ W. Marker is in Cumberland Township, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is at the intersection of Sickles Avenue and United States Avenue, on the right when traveling south on Sickles Avenue. Located in Excelsior Field, near stop 10, the Peach Orchard, on the driving tour of Gettysburg National Military Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Second Brigade (within shouting distance of this marker); Sickles' Excelsior Brigade (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); 73rd New York Infantry (about 400 feet away); 7th New Jersey Volunteers (about 500 feet away); Clark's Battery (about 500 feet away); First Brigade (about 600 feet away); 57th Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteers (about 600 feet away); 114th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cumberland Township.
Also see . . .  Report of Capt. George E. Randolph
Peach Orchard Salient Artillery Positions image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain
3. Peach Orchard Salient Artillery Positions
When the Confederate assaults in the late afternoon of July 2 stepped forward, the Peach Orchard salient had a large number of batteries from both the III Corps Artillery Brigade and the Army's artillery reserve. The general locations of those batteries are indicated here in this panoramic view from the Longstreet Observation tower. Turnbull's (Six 12pdr Napoleons), Seeley's (Six 12pdr Napoleons), and Bucklyn's (Six 12pdr Napoleons) all fronted the Emmitsburg Road facing west supporting Humphrey's infantry. Thompson's (Six 3-inch Rifles) and Ames' (Six 12pdr Napoleons) Batteries were at the northwest corner of the Peach Orchard. Hart's (Six 12pdr Napoleons), Clark's (Six 10-pdr Parrotts), Philipps' (Six 3-inch Rifles), and Bigelow's (Six 12pdr Napoleons) Batteries were placed along what is today the Wheatfield Road (running down the slope away from the camera), facing south.
. Capt. Randolph provided a rather detailed report:
I have chosen to report the action of each battery rather than the artillery of the corps as a whole, at the risk of being thought diffuse, because I consider that in no other way can I convey a distinct idea of the operations of my command. The batteries were widely separated, and each performed special duties that no other kind of narrative could describe. (Submitted on October 30, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 3, 2020. It was originally submitted on October 30, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 975 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on October 30, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   3. submitted on October 26, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.

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Sep. 27, 2022