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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Yodfat in Misgav Council, Northern District, Israel
 

Ancient Yodfat

 
 
Ancient Yodfat Marker image. Click for full size.
By Erez Speiser, December 28, 2018
1. Ancient Yodfat Marker
Inscription.  
על גבעה זו שכנה בתקופת הבית השני העיירה היהודית יודפת. נראה שראשית ההתיישבות על הגבעה בתקופה ההלניסטית במאה השלישית לפסה"נ. תחילה התקיים כאן יישוב נוכרי ששמו נקשר לשמה של נסיכה סְלָווקית בשם "יוטפה".
Ancient Yodfat Hill image. Click for full size.
By Erez Speiser, August 26, 2018
2. Ancient Yodfat Hill
בשלהי המאה השנייה לפסה"נ כבשו מלכי בית חשמונאי את הגליל, ושם היישוב היה ליודפת. העיירה השתרעה על שטח של כ-47 דוגם והתפתחה מראש הגבעה לכיוון המדרונות והשלוחה הדרומית. 4,500 התושבים שחיו במקום התקיימו מחקלאות ומלאכה. בשנת 66 לסה"נ, עם פרוץ "המרד הגדול" (מרד
Ruins on Yodfat Hill image. Click for full size.
By Erez Speiser
3. Ruins on Yodfat Hill
החורב]), הייתה יודפת אחת מ-19 יישובים שביצר מושל הגליל יוסף בן מתתיהו. סוברים ששימשה מפקדתו בגזרה המערבית. בקיץ של שנת 67 התנהל כאן הקרב הראשון בין היהודים המורדים בפיקודו של בן מתתיהו לבין כ-60,000 חיילי הצבא הרומי בפיקודם של אַספָסיָאנוס וטיטוס בנו.
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בשנים 2000-4992 נערכו באתר חפירות מטעם אוניברסיטת רוצ'סטר ורשות העתיקות

On this hill stood the Jewish town of Yodfat (Jotapata), which was probably first settled in the 3rd century BCE, and was conquered by the Hasmoneans in the 2nd century BCE. The town, covering an area of about 4.7 hectares, grew from the northern hilltop to the southern slopes. Before the Great Revolt it had about 1,500 residents, who sustained themselves on agriculture and crafts. In 66 CE Yodfat was one of 19 Galilean communities fortified by Josephus Flavius, and probably served as his command post in the western sector. Here in 67 CE the first battle of the Great Revolt was waged in between the Jewish rebels, under his command, and a Roman army, numbering some 60,000 troops, under The command of Vespasian and his son Titus. Excavations were carried out here by the University of Rochester of New York and the Israel Antiquities Authority, from 1992 to 2000.

(Arabic not transcribed)
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Landmarks

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Settlements & Settlers.
 
Location. 32° 49.938′ N, 35° 16.665′ E. Marker is in Yodfat, Northern District, in Misgav Council. Touch for map. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 18 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Theater (approx. 8.8 kilometers away); The Citadel (approx. 8.8 kilometers away); The Church of St. Joseph (approx. 14.5 kilometers away); Architectural Elements of the Church-Synagogue (approx. 14.6 kilometers away); Byzantine Mosaics (approx. 14.6 kilometers away); The Ancient Village of Nazareth (approx. 14.6 kilometers away); Basilica of the Annunciation (approx. 14.6 kilometers away); Mount of Precipice (approx. 17 kilometers away).
 
Also see . . .
1. Ancient Yodfat Walk. (Submitted on April 11, 2019, by Erez Speiser of Rakefet.)
2. Siege of Yodfat. (Submitted on April 11, 2019, by Erez Speiser of Rakefet.)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 13, 2019. It was originally submitted on April 11, 2019, by Erez Speiser of Rakefet. This page has been viewed 93 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on April 11, 2019, by Erez Speiser of Rakefet. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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Apr. 8, 2020