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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
San Francisco in San Francisco City and County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
 

Western Defense Command Headquarters

 
 
Western Defense Command Headquarters Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Joel Seewald, April 4, 2019
1. Western Defense Command Headquarters Marker
Inscription.  
Across the street to your left is Building 35. Lives were changed by decisions made here. Originally built as cavalry barracks in 1912, it was converted in 1918 for the School of Bakers and Cooks and then in 1921 to serve as the headquarters of the Ninth Corps Area, Fourth U.S. Army. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, this building became the headquarters of the Western Defense Command under Lieutenant General John L. DeWitt. He was responsible for the defense of the western United States and the campaign to recapture Attu and Kiska Islands in Alaska. President Franklin Roosevelt's Executive Order 9066 gave DeWitt the authority to forcibly remove West Coast Japanese non-citizens and Japanese American citizens to relocation camps in the interior.
 
Erected by Presidio of San Francisco, National Park Service.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Forts and CastlesWar, World II. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #32 Franklin D. Roosevelt series list. A significant historical date for this entry is December 7, 1941.
 
Location.
Upper image image. Click for full size.
Park Archives
2. Upper image
The 1918 graduating class of the Presidio School of Bakers and Cooks stands proudly in front of its temporary home. Originally the barracks had broad overhanging eaves and balconies with dcorative iron railings that gave it a Mediterranean or Italian Renaissance appearance.
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37° 48.09′ N, 122° 27.346′ W. Marker is in San Francisco, California, in San Francisco City and County. Marker is at the intersection of Lincoln Boulevard and Keyes Street, on the right when traveling west on Lincoln Boulevard. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 281 Lincoln Boulevard, San Francisco CA 94129, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Old and New: Presidio Fire Station (here, next to this marker); French 24-Pounder (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Presidio of San Francisco (about 400 feet away); Old Station Hospital (about 400 feet away); Old Post Hospital (about 500 feet away); First Women in the Army: U.S. Army Nurse Corps (about 500 feet away); Music in the Military: Presidio Band Barracks (about 600 feet away); Montgomery Street Barracks (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in San Francisco.
 
Also see . . .
1. John L. DeWitt. Wikipedia article (Submitted on April 18, 2019, by Joel Seewald of Madison Heights, Michigan.) 

2. Executive Order 9066. Wikipedia article with transcript of the order. (Submitted on April 18, 2019, by Joel Seewald of Madison Heights, Michigan.) 
 
Lower left and middle images image. Click for full size.
Left image: Park Archives, Presidio Army Museum Collection; middle image: Presidio Trust Library
3. Lower left and middle images
Lower left: In the 1930s and '40s the headquarters received miliatary radio messages from Hawaii, the Philippines, Chungking, Tokyo, and Australia.
Lower middle: In 1942, during wartime panic, more than 110,000 Japanese and Japanese Americans were evicted from West Coast cities and imprisoned in relocation camps.
Lower right image image. Click for full size.
The Bay School of San Francisco
4. Lower right image
Building Reuse Today
In 2005, this building was rehabilitiated for the Bay School of San Francisco, an independent college preparatory school with 400 students that emphasizes the process of scientific discovery and how those advances are ethically applied.
Western Defense Command Headquarters Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Joel Seewald, April 4, 2019
5. Western Defense Command Headquarters Marker
View looking toward the the northeast. This marker is the one on the left. The Presidio Fire Station is in the background.
Western Defense Command Headquarters Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Joel Seewald, April 4, 2019
6. Western Defense Command Headquarters Marker
View looking toward the south with Building 35 in the background.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 23, 2019. It was originally submitted on April 18, 2019, by Joel Seewald of Madison Heights, Michigan. This page has been viewed 104 times since then and 18 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on April 18, 2019, by Joel Seewald of Madison Heights, Michigan.

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Jun. 30, 2022