“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Titusville in Crawford County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)


Exxon Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Steve Stoessel, May 4, 2019
1. Exxon Marker
Exxon origins can be traced to Titusville's Carter Oil, founded in 1893 by John J. Carter.

Irish immigrant and Civil War veteran John J. Carter was awarded the Medal of Honor for his bravery at the Battle of Antietam. After the war, he moved to Titusville and invested in oil.

Carter Oil eventually merged with Humble Oil and both were acquired by Standard Oil of New Jersey, which became Exxon.

In 1999, Exxon and Mobil merged to become Exxon Mobil; one of the largest energy corporations in the world.

First Oil Exchange
The first permanent oil exchange in the United States was organized in Titusville, Pennsylvania in 1871 to stabilize and professionalize the fledging commercial oil industry.

The exchange sold stock, set prices, and help negotiate refining contracts. Before the exchange, buyers negotiated with producers at oil wells. The Titusville exchange started in the American Hotel, moved around in its early years, and eventually moved back to the site in 1881 at the behest of John J. Carter.

The exchange dissolved in 1897 when Standard Oil refused to buy oil at the exchange bid
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price, negating the power of the oil exchange.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Industry & Commerce. A significant historical year for this entry is 1893.
Location. 41° 37.086′ N, 79° 40.273′ W. Marker is in Titusville, Pennsylvania, in Crawford County. Marker is on Smock Road (Pennsylvania Route 8), on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Titusville PA 16354, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Sun Oil Co./Sunoco (here, next to this marker); Drake Well (here, next to this marker); Gulf (here, next to this marker); Spindletop (here, next to this marker); Texaco (here, next to this marker); Union 76 Gasoline (here, next to this marker); Pennzoil & South Penn (here, next to this marker); Sterling Oil (a few steps from this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Titusville.
Additional keywords. Petroleum
Exxon Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Steve Stoessel, May 4, 2019
2. Exxon Marker
Credits. This page was last revised on December 29, 2020. It was originally submitted on May 15, 2019, by Steve Stoessel of Niskayuna, New York. This page has been viewed 221 times since then and 43 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on May 15, 2019, by Steve Stoessel of Niskayuna, New York. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.

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Sep. 27, 2023