“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Titusville, Pennsylvania

Clickable Map of Crawford County, Pennsylvania and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Crawford County, PA (134) Erie County, PA (201) Mercer County, PA (22) Venango County, PA (65) Warren County, PA (28) Ashtabula County, OH (75) Trumbull County, OH (39)  CrawfordCounty(134) Crawford County (134)  ErieCounty(201) Erie County (201)  MercerCounty(22) Mercer County (22)  VenangoCounty(65) Venango County (65)  WarrenCounty(28) Warren County (28)  AshtabulaCountyOhio(75) Ashtabula County (75)  TrumbullCounty(39) Trumbull County (39)
Location of Titusville, Pennsylvania
    Crawford County (134)
    Erie County (201)
    Mercer County (22)
    Venango County (65)
    Warren County (28)
    Ashtabula County, Ohio (75)
    Trumbull County, Ohio (39)
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1Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Algrunix Building, 1894
This Victorian Gothic structure with its onion-domed turret was named "Algrunix" for its three owners: Edward Allen, building contractor; Samuel Grumbine, self-trained attorney; and Hattie Nixon, wife of another building contractor. . . . — Map (db m138222) HM
2Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — AmaliePennsylvania Motor Oil
William H. Daugherty lived in Titusville before founding the Daugherty Refinery in Petrolia, PA. Amalie was created in 1903 when L. Sonneborn & Sons bought Daugherty Refinery. It was the first refiner of mineral oils in the United States. In . . . — Map (db m134080) HM
3Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Atlantic Motor Oil
ATLANTIC REFINING COMPANY 1859: Charles Lockhart and William Frew came to this region to drill for oil on the south bank of the Allegheny across from the mouth of Oil Creek in Venango County. Subsequently they bought out the Tarr Farm and . . . — Map (db m134083) HM
4Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Benson Memorial Library
Minerva and Byron David Benson's children built the library as a memorial to their parents in 1902. Mr. Benson had organized and was the first president of the Titusville Library Association. He further demonstrated his commitment to . . . — Map (db m138427) HM
5Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Birth of George Washington Bicentennial
This elm planted by Canadohta Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution to commemorate the two hundredth anniversary of the birth of George Washington 1732 - 1932 "There has been no greater . . . — Map (db m138469) HM
6Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Brown Street Bridge
Brown Street Bridge ♦ A Steel and Wrought Iron Baltimore Through Truss Design, 175-foot span locally known as the Brown Street Bridge, was constructed on this site crossing Oil Creek between 1898-1899. Prior to replacement in 1991 . . . — Map (db m107775) HM
7Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Burgess Park
Burgess Park A community project for the benefit and enjoyment of all the people ———————— This park was presented to the People of Titusville by Mr. and . . . — Map (db m138918) HM
8Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Byron D Benson(1832-1888)
A founder and first president of Tidewater Pipe Co., est. 1878. He transformed the shipment of oil with a larger 6-inch pipe that covered greater distances than ever before. This pipeline was first to carry Pa. crude directly to coastal . . . — Map (db m64972) HM
9Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Colonel Drake Park
Presented to the City of Titusville in memory of Mr. and Mrs. William T. Scheide by their children — Map (db m138468) HM
10Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Corinthian Hall, 1865
A dedication ball, held in early December in spite of nearly impassable muddy streets, was attended by a "very select and brilliant assembly." There were tasteful decorations of flags and evergreens, "exceedingly good" music, and a 1:00 . . . — Map (db m138227) HM
11Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Cytemp Specialty Steel Company
Charles Burgess came to the United States from England in 1866. Skilled in the art of making iron and steel, Burgess purchased the Eames Petroleum Iron Works in Titusville in 1884. He changed the struggling wrought-iron company's name to . . . — Map (db m138904) HM
12Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Drake Well
Edwin I. Drake, a former railroad conductor , traveled to Titusville in 1857 to find and produce oil in commercial quantities Partnering with salt well driller and blacksmith "Uncle Billy" Smith, they persevered to strike oil in August 27, 1859 . . . — Map (db m133796) HM
13Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Early Refinery
The first refinery in the Oil Creek Region for crude petroleum was built nearby in 1860. The first run of oil was made in 1861. Oil was first refined at Pittsburgh, about 1854, by Samuel Kier. — Map (db m64971) HM
14Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Exxon
Exxon origins can be traced to Titusville's Carter Oil, founded in 1893 by John J. Carter. Irish immigrant and Civil War veteran John J. Carter was awarded the Medal of Honor for his bravery at the Battle of Antietam. After the war, he moved to . . . — Map (db m133824) HM
15Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — First Presbyterian Church
The early Scots-Irish established a small Presbyterian congregation in 1802, the first in Titusville. They began by worshipping outdoors or in barns. By 1815 they had built a primitive log meeting house, which was soon followed by a . . . — Map (db m138429) HM
16Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — George Custer Home
George Custer was a dealer in oil and real estate. In 1869 he built this brick Italianate home, which was unusual in Titusville where lumber was plentiful and inexpensive. It remains one of the oldest brick residences still standing in . . . — Map (db m138376) HM
17Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Gulf
Gulf Oil was one of the many companies formed at Spindletop in January 1901. In late 1901, James M. Guffey bought out the interests of his partners in the Lucas Well (Galey and Lucas) and formed the J.M. Guffey Petroleum Company. Guffey received . . . — Map (db m133640) HM
18Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Hyde Home, 1864
Lumberman Charles Hyde built this Italianate home on land once owned by Jonathan Titus, founder of Titusville. It was the first brick residence in the city. Hyde invested wisely in oil, and was founder and president of the Second National . . . — Map (db m138386) HM
19Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Ida M. Tarbell
Noted oil historian, biographer of Lincoln, journalist, lived in this house about six years. She was graduated from the Titusville High School in 1875. — Map (db m50497) HM
20Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Ida Tarbell
Ida Tarbell was one of the most famous investigative journalists in American history. She was raised in Titusville during the oil boom. Her father, Franklin Tarbell, was an oil producer and investor. In 1872, she witnessed the destruction of her . . . — Map (db m133624) HM
21Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — John A. Mather
Photographer of oil industry from 1860, lived in this house. His thousands of views form an extraordinary record of an industry that began here. Born, Bury, England, in 1829; died Titusville, 1915. — Map (db m50498) HM
22Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — John Heisman
Shortly after John Heisman's birth in 1869, the Heisman family moved to Titusville where his father, Michael Heisman, was an oil investor and cooper. John Heisman was educated at Titusville schools and played varsity guard on the football team, . . . — Map (db m133875) HM
23Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — John Mather Home
John Aked Mather came from England to America in 1856. Having apprenticed himself to a traveling photographer, Mather arrived in Titusville in 1860 and began an unparalleled documentation of the oil industry. He followed every aspect of . . . — Map (db m138356) HM
24Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — John William Heisman(1869-1936)
Renowned college football coach and name-sake for the sport’s highest amateur honor, the Heisman Memorial Trophy. His innovations included legalizing the forward pass, the center snap, the scoreboard, and game quarters. Heisman promoted player . . . — Map (db m50493) HM
25Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Jonathan Titus
About one hundred feet east of this point stood the home of Jonathan Titus Founder of Titusville 1796 During the Sixties the old Titus Home was rebuilt as the Moore House, famous hostelry of early oil days, . . . — Map (db m138175) HM
26Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Joseph Seep Home
The Seep family emigrated from Germany in 1849 when Joseph was eleven years old. He moved to Titusville in 1869. Joseph became involved in the oil business, working for a firm that almost immediately was absorbed by the Standard Oil . . . — Map (db m138496) HM
27Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — McKinney Hall
John C. Bryan, an Irish emigrant who established the first iron foundry and machine shop in the area, built this home in 1871. The home in 1872 was sold to John D. Archbold who succeeded Rockefeller as president of Standard Oil. Colonel . . . — Map (db m138334) HM
28Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Oil Creek
Along this stream the first white explorers found Indians skimming surface oil. From 1859 to 1865, the center of oil production and its refining was along the banks of Oil Creek. — Map (db m50494) HM
29Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Oil CreekPennsylvania Petroleum Products
The Oil Creek Refining Company was founded by Dennis McGraw and incorporated in 1919-20. It was a "home-owned” oil refinery and operated in East Titusville. The company was the first to market motor oil in refinery-sealed, disposable cans . . . — Map (db m134081) HM
30Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Penn-Drake Motor Oils
The Penn Drake brand was originated by the American Oil Works of Titusville. Michael Heisman (John Heisman's father), Frank VonTacky, William Teege, and Louis Walz created the American Oil Works in Titusville in 1885. Pennsylvania Refining . . . — Map (db m133880) HM
31Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Pennzoil & South Penn
The Pennzoil brand comes from a long history of foundings and mergers that date back to 1886 when local men Henry Suhr, Samuel Justus, and Louis Walz founded the Penn Refining Company In 1914, Penn Refining merged with Germania Refining Company, . . . — Map (db m133876) HM
32Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Pioneer Park [Cemetery]
Here lie many of the founders of this community, men who helped to blaze the westward path of civilization. ——————— Respect their dust; revere their memory. . . . — Map (db m138565) HM
33Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Quaker State Motor Oil
In 1914, Thomas and Hopewell Phinny of Oil City created Phinny's Quaker State Medium Oil. The Phinnys were granted a trademark for Quaker State in August 1921. Quaker State was financed and marketed by J.B. Berry Brothers of Oil City. The . . . — Map (db m133879) HM
34Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Roberts Torpedo
First successful device for increasing the flow of oil by setting off an explosion deep in a well. It was publicly demonstrated in 1865. The nitroglycerin was made .4 mile south of here, along Hammond Run. — Map (db m50495) HM
35Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Scheide Home, 1864
In 1890, Josiah Benton, superintendent of Tidewater Pipeline and co-founder of Titusville Forge Company, purchased this Italianate house. Benton made such lavish changes that the Titusville Herald wrote, "...interior is said... to . . . — Map (db m138502) HM
36Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Second National Bank, 1865
In 1955, the Second National Bank was the oldest bank in Crawford County in continuous operation. The 90th anniversary celebration featured displays of real and counterfeit bills for comparison, and currency dating from 1862. Over 700 . . . — Map (db m138224) HM
37Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Site of Titusville Oil Exchange
. . . — Map (db m138228) HM
38Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Specialty Steelmaker of Titusville
Dedicated to CHARLES BURGESS, founder of the Titusville plant, and to the specialty steelmakers of Titusville, Pennsylvania. 1884-1984 — Map (db m138914) HM
39Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Spindletop
Anthony F. Lucas began drilling a salt dome well with the Gladys City Company near Beaumont, Texas in 1899. When Lucas and his company ran out of money, John H. Galey and James M. Guffey, financed Lucas and formed a partnership named J.M. Guffey . . . — Map (db m133830) HM
40Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — St. James Episcopal Church, 1863
The Bishop of Pennsylvania, deciding that it was important to establish a mission in the boisterous oil region, sent the Reverend Henry Purdon (shown) to gather a congregation. The first membership was small and consisted mostly of women. . . . — Map (db m138426) HM
41Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — St. Titus Church
Many Roman Catholics came into the area during the oil boom which began in 1859. The Reverend Father DeLarouque, who had been presiding over mass in a cooper shop, decided a church was needed. Ground was broken on this property in 1862 and the . . . — Map (db m107779) HM
42Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Standard Oil Company
John D. Rockefeller organized the Standard Oil Company in 1870. He owned wells in Titusville and Cleveland and began buying refineries in Pennsylvania and Ohio. By 1882, Standard Oil controlled 90% of the entire nation's refining capacity. The . . . — Map (db m133636) HM
43Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Sterling Oil
Sterling Oil was created in the 1890s by P.J. Bayer as a marketing vehicle for Emlenton Refinery's "Sterling" cylinder engine and Dynamo oil for Erie and Western New York. It was acquired by Eastern Refining Company during World War I. For the . . . — Map (db m133716) HM
44Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Sun Oil Co./Sunoco
Titusville residents Joseph Pew and E.O. Emerson organized the Sun Oil Company in March 1890. Based in Pennsylvania, Sun Oil was operated by the Pew family who became giants in refining and shipbuilding. The company went public in 1922 and was . . . — Map (db m133600) HM
45Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Texaco
Texaco was formed at Spindletop in 1901 by Joseph Cullinan and Arnold Schlaet as the Texas Fuel Company. Cullinan served as president and general manager of Texaco. Joseph Cullinan was born in Sharon, Pennsylvania and lived part of his early . . . — Map (db m133839) HM
46Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — The Abbott Home
William Hawkins Abbott was born in Connecticut in 1819, moved to Ohio, then came to Titusville in 1860. He invested in oil wells, including the Crossley which came in at 70 barrels a day. Recognizing oil as a marketable commodity when . . . — Map (db m138491) HM
47Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — The Tarbell House
Ida Minerva Tarbell, best known for her History of Standard Oil, moved to Titusville in 1870. In her autobiography, All in the Day's Work, she described her home this way. "...when I was thirteen I found myself in . . . — Map (db m138366) HM
48Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Tidewater
In 1865, Titusville residents Byron Benson, Robert Hopkins and David McKelvy started a sawmill in Enterprise (located just outside Titusville) to finance their drilling operation; which they named the Enterprise Oil and Lumber Company. In . . . — Map (db m134082) HM
49Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Titusville Forge Division Honor RollServing Our Country — V —
[Honor Roll of Veterans] [not transcribed] — Map (db m138244) WM
50Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Titusville Iron Company, 1860
The first machine shop and foundry built to serve the oil industry was located "a year and a mile from Drake Well." In 1889, new owners organized it as the Titusville Iron Company, Limited, under executive officers John Fertig and James Curtis . . . — Map (db m107782) HM
51Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Titusville Iron Works Company
[Enlargements from company sales catalogs] The Plant of the Titusville Iron Works Company, Titusville, Pennsylvania. "Founded in 1860, within a year and a mile of the first (Drake) Oil Well." The first plant built in America devoted . . . — Map (db m138305) HM
52Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Titusville Oil Exchange
The industry's first permanent oil exchange was organized in 1871 by producers, refiners, dealers, brokers. Starting in the American Hotel on this spot, it moved to other sites; returned here in a new three-story brick building, 1881. Dissolved . . . — Map (db m50496) HM
53Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Titusville Oil Exchange: World's First
Titusville by 1870 had become the commercial capital of the developing oil industry. Oilmen realized an organization was needed to keep track of business transactions. "In January 1871 one hundred and sixteen dealers, producers, refiners, . . . — Map (db m138226) HM
54Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Titusville Trust Company, 1919
"There are few bank buildings in America which equal this in permanence and quality of construction..." remarked architect Arthur Zimm. The Titusville Herald reported that "...few were prepared for the beauties revealed when its doors were . . . — Map (db m79974) HM
55Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Titusvillia Drakei Caster
In ancient seabottom rocks exposed in this stream, the Holotype Specimen of a rare fossil sponge was found by Paleontologist Kenneth E. Caster. In 1939 in recognition of the support which brought the sciences of geology and paleontology to such . . . — Map (db m64970) HM
56Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Townville Episcopal Chapel Bell
This bell was located in the Episcopal Chapel in Townville, Pennsylvania. Albert Broadhurst, Rector of St. James Memorial Episcopal Church of Titusville, served that chapel. The bell, part of the estate of James A. and Elva B. Gillette, . . . — Map (db m138335) HM
57Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Union 76 Gasoline
Created in part by Cherrytree-born brothers Milton and Lyman Stewart, Union Oil Company of California was formed in 1890. After an early start not far from here in the Shamburg oil field, and serving in the Civil War, Lyman moved to Calfornia . . . — Map (db m133872) HM
58Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Universal Cyclops Steel Corporation Veterans Memorial
In tribute to the employees of Universal Cyclops Steel Corporation who defended our freedom in the Armed Forces of our country — Map (db m138240) WM
59Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — ValvolinePennsylvania Motor Oils
In 1867 Dr. John Ellis developed cylinder oils in Pennsylvania and in 1873 was awarded a trademark for Valvoline. He marketed it as superior in quality to lard and fat in lubrication and was used by many railroads. Valvoline became the standard . . . — Map (db m133883) HM
60Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Veterans Memorial
In honor of all who gave their lives for our country ———————————— Dedicated to Titusville Area Veterans — Map (db m138210) WM
61Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Western NY and PA Railway Freight Station, 1892
In 1860, Thomas Struthers and his partners formed the Oil Creek Railroad to haul freight, coal, and oil between Corry and Petroleum Centre. The original station was destroyed in Titusville's great flood and fire of 1892, but rebuilt later that year. . . . — Map (db m107785) HM
62Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — William White Buildingcirca 1910
[Title is text] — Map (db m138383) HM
63Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Wolf's Head Oils and Lubes
In 1879, A.L. Confer constructed a refining still 18 miles from here in Reno, PA called the Empire Oil Works. He recognized a need for a better illuminating oil and used carefully controlled temperatures to create a high-quality kerosene. In . . . — Map (db m133887) HM
64Pennsylvania (Venango County), Titusville — Densmore Tank Cars
The first functional railway oil tank car was invented and constructed in 1865 by James and Amos Densmore at nearby Miller Farm along Oil Creek. It consisted of two wooden tanks placed on a flat railway car; each tank held 40-45 barrels of crude . . . — Map (db m88570) HM
65Pennsylvania (Venango County), Titusville — Drake Well
This native boulder marks the plot where through the foresight, energy and persistence of Edwin L. Drake The first well was drilled for oil. On August 27, 1859 oil was found at a depth of sixty-nine feet. This great discovery . . . — Map (db m39968) HM
66Pennsylvania (Venango County), Titusville — Drake Well Park
On this site "Col." Edwin Drake struck oil Aug. 27, 1859; the birth of the petroleum industry. Administered by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. — Map (db m50477) HM
67Pennsylvania (Venango County), Titusville — Samuel Van Syckel
This plaque is dedicated to the memory of Samuel Van Syckel whose inventive mind and business ability planned and built the first successful oil pipeline in the world in September, 1865, from Pithole to Miller Farm, PA. Thus was set in motion a . . . — Map (db m133595) HM
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Feb. 26, 2021