Sitka in Sitka Borough, Alaska — Northwest (North America)
In This Place
The first American flag was raised by a colorguard from Company F, 9th Infantry, to signify the transfer of Alaska from czarist Russia.
The first 49 star American flag was raised on July 4, 1959, by a colorguard from the First Battle Group 9th (Manchu) Infantry to signify the statehood of Alaska.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Notable Events • Settlements & Settlers. A significant historical date for this entry is October 18, 1867.
Location. 57° 2.918′ N, 135° 20.283′ W. Marker is in Sitka, Alaska, in Sitka Borough. The marker is located on Castle Hill. It can be reached by climbing a stairway from Lincoln Street near the Post Office, a moderne building which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Sitka AK 99835, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Ladies of the Hill (here, next to this marker); History of Castle Hill (1804-1867) (a few steps from this marker); A Town for an Empire (a few steps from this marker); Men of the Hill (a few steps from this marker); History of Castle Hill (1867-) (a few steps from this marker); History of Castle Hill (-1804) (a few steps from this marker); Alaska Purchase (a few steps from this marker); Noow Tlein (a few steps from this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Sitka.
Also see . . .
1. Castle Hill (Sitka, Alaska). Wikipedia entry:
Prior to the arrival of Europeans in the area, Castle Hill was occupied by families of the Kiksadi clan of Tlingits. Alexander Baranov, a leading figure in the Russian-American Company, arrived in the Sitka area in 1795, and sought to establish a trading post on the hill. He ended up establishing Redoubt St. Archangel Michael several miles away in 1799; this trading post was destroyed by the Tlingit in 1802. Baranov returned to Sitka in force in 1804, seized Castle Hill, from which the outnumbered Tlingit had withdrawn. After the six-day Battle of Sitka, the Tlingit formally ceded Castle Hill to the Russians. In 1806 the Russians transferred the headquarters of the Russian-American Company and the seat of government of Russian Alaska to Sitka, and Castle Hill was the focal point of the company and government facilities until 1867. They destroyed the Tlingit(Submitted on October 12, 2019.)
2. Alaska Purchase. Wikipedia entry:
First person account of the transfer “written by a blacksmith named T. Ahllund, who had been recruited to work in Sitka only less than two years previously:”
We had not spent many weeks at Sitka when two large steam ships arrived there, bringing things that belonged to the American crown, and a few days later the new governor also arrived in a ship together with his soldiers. The wooden two-story mansion of the Russian governor stood on a high hill, and in front of it in the yard at the end of a tall spar flew the Russian flag with the double-headed eagle in the middle of it. Of course, this flag now had to give way to the flag of the United States, which is full of stripes and stars. On a predetermined day in the afternoon a group of soldiers came from the American ships, led by one who carried the flag. Marching solemnly, but without accompaniment, they came to the governor's mansion, where the Russian troops were already lined up and waiting for the Americans. Now they started to pull the [Russian double-headed] eagle down, but—whatever had gone into its head—it only came down a little bit, and then entangled its claws around the spar so that it could not be pulled down any further. A Russian soldier was therefore ordered to climb up the spar and disentangle it,(Submitted on October 12, 2019.)
Credits. This page was last revised on October 19, 2021. It was originally submitted on May 16, 2019, by Alvis Hendley of San Francisco, California. This page has been viewed 400 times since then and 74 times this year. It was the Marker of the Week October 13, 2019. Photos: 1. submitted on May 16, 2019, by Alvis Hendley of San Francisco, California. 2. submitted on September 8, 2021, by Duane and Tracy Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. 3. submitted on May 16, 2019, by Alvis Hendley of San Francisco, California. 4. submitted on October 12, 2019, by Alvis Hendley of San Francisco, California. 5. submitted on September 8, 2021, by Duane and Tracy Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. 6, 7. submitted on October 12, 2019, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.