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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Near Tybee Island in Chatham County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Engineering Dry Land

Fort Pulaski National Monument

 
 
Engineering Dry Land Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, April 30, 2019
1. Engineering Dry Land Marker
Inscription.  Controlling tidal flow over the island was a critical first step in the construction of Fort Pulaski. A complex system of ditches and dikes drain water away from the fort. Designed in 1829 by young Army engineer Lieutenant Robert E. Lee, the system created and maintained dry land to support the massive fort.

(diagram captions • counterclockwise from top)
• Tide gates control the flow of incoming water used to flush out the moat.
• The canal and moat carried supply barges to the fort during its construction and operation. The moat feeder canal is still used to flush and maintain the moat.
• The moat surrounding the fort is seven feet deep and 32 to 48 feet wide. Engineers designed it to be a barrier to approaching infantry during a time of war.
• The Army built the dikes 12 feet above sea level to protect the fort and island from tides.
 
Erected by National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Forts or Castles.
 
Location. 32° 1.587′ 
Marker detail: Fort Pulaski diagram image. Click for full size.
2. Marker detail: Fort Pulaski diagram
N, 80° 53.472′ W. Marker is near Tybee Island, Georgia, in Chatham County. Marker can be reached from Fort Pulaski Road one mile north of U.S. 80. Marker is located at Fort Pulaski National Monument, overlooking the moat feeder canal, near the southwest corner of the fort. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Tybee Island GA 31328, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Southwest Magazine (within shouting distance of this marker); Parrott Rifle (within shouting distance of this marker); Southwest Bastion (within shouting distance of this marker); The Demilune (within shouting distance of this marker); German Volunteers (within shouting distance of this marker); Store House (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort at Play (within shouting distance of this marker); Through the Thick Brick Wall (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Tybee Island.
 
Also see . . .  Robert E. Lee. Cockspur Island did not then, nor does it today, present an easy area for engineering operations. Essentially a mud and marsh island, containing a few low sand ridges, Cockspur demanded patience, skill, and strength from new Lieutenant Robert E. Lee. The stalwart young officer had a physique and mind equal to the task, however, and apparently trampled with little perturbation through the mud and marsh of Cockspur.
Marker detail: Moat feeder canal side view image. Click for full size.
3. Marker detail: Moat feeder canal side view
The moat feeder canal brings brackish water from the Savannah River to the moat.
These trying months on Cockspur must certainly have aided in the maturing of young Robert E. Lee to that calmness of purpose and quiet ability which characterized him in later life. (Submitted on May 21, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Marker detail: Lieutenant Robert E. Lee sited the fort on the island image. Click for full size.
4. Marker detail: Lieutenant Robert E. Lee sited the fort on the island
Engineering Dry Land Marker<br>(<i>wide view • moat feeder canal in background</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, April 30, 2019
5. Engineering Dry Land Marker
(wide view • moat feeder canal in background)
Moat Feeder Canal, Marker & Moat (<i>view looking southwest from atop fort rampart</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, April 30, 2019
6. Moat Feeder Canal, Marker & Moat (view looking southwest from atop fort rampart)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 20, 2020. It was originally submitted on May 21, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 75 times since then and 13 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on May 21, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.
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Dec. 1, 2020