Weimar, Thuringia, Germany — Central Europe
Little Camp (Buchenwald Concentration Camp)
On this site was the infamous “Little Camp”. Separated by only a barbed-wire fence from the Main camp, its inmates were subjected to the greatest suffering of all those at Buchenwald. Begun in late 1942, its first inmates were Polish, Russian, French and Dutch prisoners. By January 1945, the Little Camp became known as the Jewish Camp because most of its prisoners were Jews, including children whose parents had been murdered by the Nazis. Most of the Jews were transferred here from Auschwitz and other concentration camps in Eastern Europe. In 1945 a large percentage of the deaths at Buchenwald occurred I the Little Camp, which imprisoned as many as 20,000 inmates at a time. Conditions were barbaric. Windowless stables with dirt floors intended to house 50 horses at times contained nearly 2,000 people. There was no running water, no sanitation, and virtually no heat in the stables. Some inmates lived in tents. Thick mud was everywhere. Rations were only a percentage of those given inmates in the Main Camp. Drinking water was often not provided. With only one latrine, many inmates were forced to use their food bowls as night latrines. By
(French and German marker text not transcribed)
Erected 2002 by U.S. Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad -Hon. Warren Miller, Chairman, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Buchenwald Memorial Foundation with signifcant aid and financial assistance from the Jewish American Society for Historic Preservation.
Topics and series. This memorial is listed in this topic list: War, World IIJewish American Society for Historic Preservation Markers, and the The Holocaust series lists. A significant historical month for this entry is January 1945.
Location. 51° 1.412′ N, 11° 14.757′ E. Marker is in Weimar, Thüringen (Thuringia). Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Weimar TH 99427, Germany. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Sinti and Roma Memorial / Sinti und Roma Denkmal (about 120 meters away, measured in a direct line); Soviet Prisoners of War / Sowjetische Kriegsgefangene (about 150 meters away); Soviet Prisoners of War Memorial (about 180 meters away); Jewish Memorial / Jüdisches Mahnmal (about 240 meters away); SS Guard Detail Splinter Protection Trench (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Camp Fence and the Watchtowers 3, 4 and 5, April 1945 (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Guard Path of the SS Guard Detail (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Inmates’ living quarters / Häftlingsunterkünfte (approx. 0.3 kilometers away).
Also see . . .
1. Little Camp Memorial. Scroll down to the link. (Submitted on June 1, 2019, by Jerry Klinger of Boynton Beach, Florida.)
2. Buchenwald. (Submitted on June 1, 2019, by Jerry Klinger of Boynton Beach, Florida.)
3. Buchenwald the "Little Camp".
The Little Camp originally served the purpose of setting inmates apart for forced labour in the subcamps of Buchenwald. In early 1945 it became an overcrowded place, where people wasted away and died. In less than one hundred days, some six thousand people died here before the camp was liberated. Most of them were Jewish inmates who had been brought to Buchenwald with transports from Auschwitz and Groß-Rosen.(Submitted on August 26, 2023, by Jerry Klinger of Boynton Beach, Florida.)
Additional keywords. German Concentration Camp
Credits. This page was last revised on August 27, 2023. It was originally submitted on June 1, 2019, by Jerry Klinger of Boynton Beach, Florida. This page has been viewed 227 times since then and 96 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on June 1, 2019, by Jerry Klinger of Boynton Beach, Florida. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.