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Temecula in Riverside County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
 

Treaty of Temecula

 
 
Treaty of Temecula Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jerry Klinger, June 13, 2019
1. Treaty of Temecula Marker
Inscription.  In this adobe, January 5, 1852, Treaty of Peace and Friendship entered into at village of Temecula between United States and San Luis Rey Kahwea, and Cocomcahra Indians. Treaty important factor furthering relations between southern California Indians and emigrants. Adobe was station main military road between Los Angeles and Arizona during Civil War. Later Butterfield stage stop.
 
Erected 1950 by California Centennials Commission in cooperation with the Temecula Businessmen's Association.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Native AmericansPeaceRoads & VehiclesWar, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is January 5, 1852.
 
Location. 33° 28.756′ N, 117° 5.863′ W. Marker is in Temecula, California, in Riverside County. Marker can be reached from Temecula Parkway east of Redhawk Parkway. Marker is located at Vail Headquarters. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 32115 Temecula Parkway, Temecula CA 92592, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 11 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Wolf Store (a few steps from this marker); The Great Oak (approx. 2.6
Treaty of Temecula Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jerry Klinger, June 13, 2019
2. Treaty of Temecula Marker
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miles away); First National Bank (approx. 3.1 miles away); Heart o' the Hills (approx. 4.4 miles away); Dripping Springs Watering Hole (approx. 6.3 miles away); Mission San Antonio de Pala (approx. 8 miles away); La Asistencia de San Antonio de Pala (approx. 8.1 miles away); Santa Rosa Rancho (approx. 10.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Temecula.
 
More about this marker. The marker is on the wall of the historic Wolfe Store. In 1950, the bronze marker may have been attached to a large marker rock or cement display.
 
Regarding Treaty of Temecula. The Treaty of Temecula is but one of 18 unratified treaties with California tribes that were submitted to the U.S. Senate on June 1, 1852, by President Millard Fillmore. Unbeknownst to the tribal signatories, the Senate rejected the treaties and ordered them to be held in secrecy for over fifty years.

In the meantime, the tribes were left vulnerable to abuse and subjugation at the hands of white settlers and the policies of state lawmakers, leading to an ethnic cleansing in which the Indian population in California plunged from perhaps 150,000 to 30,000 between 1846 and 1870. “By displaying Treaty K, the museum recognizes not only the treaties that were broken, but also the power imbalance that existed
Treaty of Temecula Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jerry Klinger, June 13, 2019
3. Treaty of Temecula Marker
to allow treaties to be dismissed and their memory to be locked away in secrecy,” said Kevin Gover, director of the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian.

Marker located on the exterior entrance of the historic Wolf Adobe in Temecula. Louis Wolf was the first Jewish settler in Temecula, a major business developer, and promoter. Wolf was euphemistically known as "The King of Temecula". He married Ramona Place. She became the lead character in the famed romance novel that raised historical awareness of the Native American experience, racial prejudice, and Native American land confiscation. The book was written by Helen Hunt Jackson.
 
Also see . . .
1. Unratified Treaty at the Village of Temecula in California to Go On Display at the National Museum o. (Submitted on June 15, 2019, by Jerry Klinger of Boynton Beach, Florida.)
2. Wolf Store. Website from the Temecula Valley Historical Society states that information on the plaque is incorrect. (Submitted on June 16, 2019.) 

3. The Eviction of the Temecula Indians. Excerpt:
On September 20, 1875, under orders from the District Court of San Francisco, Sheriff Nicholas Hunsaker of San Diego and approximately twenty armed men evicted the Temecula Indians from their traditional village. The eviction took place over three days.

The posse led by Sheriff Hunsaker, who was paid $300 for the job, included the owners of the ranch, as well as local landowners Louis Wolf and José Gonzales. The men drove wagons
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to the Indians’ homes and loaded their belongings in them. The Indians did not fight back because the posse members told them that anyone who resisted would be shot.
(Submitted on January 2, 2021.) 
 
Additional keywords. Jewish American, Native American history
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 3, 2021. It was originally submitted on June 15, 2019, by Jerry Klinger of Boynton Beach, Florida. This page has been viewed 456 times since then and 250 times this year. Last updated on June 17, 2019, by Craig Baker of Sylmar, California. It was the Marker of the Week January 3, 2021. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on June 15, 2019, by Jerry Klinger of Boynton Beach, Florida. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.

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Dec. 7, 2021