Cumberland Township in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
First Division - Twelfth Corps
— Army of the Potomac —
Twelfth Corps First Division
Brig. Gen. Thomas H. Ruger
Col. Silas H. Colgrove
27th. Indiana, 2d. Mass., 13th. New Jersey
107th. New York, 3d Wisconsin Infantry
July 1 Arrived with the Division and bivouacked for the night east of Rock Creek.
July 2 After sharp skirmishing in front crossed Rock Creek and went into position. The left on Culp's Hill the right in McAllister's Woods a swale between. Breastworks were constructed. At sunset went to support of the left of the Army and returned and found the works on the left of the swale occupied by Confederates. Those on the right were unoccupied and immediately re-possessed.
July 3 The 2d Mass and 27th Indiana in the morning charged across the open swale to get possession of a stone wall and woods on the left but were repulsed with great loss the 27th Indiana falling back in a direct line the 2d Mass toward the left. A Confederate counter-charge was made across the swale but receiving a front and enfilading fire it was quickly repulsed and the Confederate force left the works and retired across Rock Creek.
Casualties. Killed 2 officers, 47 men. Wounded 20 officers, 205 men. Captured or missing 5 men. Total 279.
Erected 1912 by Gettysburg National Military Park Commission.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is July 1, 1861.
Location. 39° 48.793′ N, 77° 12.924′ W. Marker is in Cumberland Township, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is at the intersection of Colgrove Avenue and Carman Avenue, on the right when traveling north on Colgrove Avenue. Located near stop 13 (Spangler's Spring) on the driving tour of Gettysburg National Military Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 27th Indiana Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); 13th New Jersey Volunteers (within shouting distance of this marker); Second Massachusetts Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); 3rd Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Indiana (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named 27th Indiana Infantry107th New York Infantry (about 600 feet away); Slaughter at Spangler's Spring (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cumberland Township.
Also see . . . Reports of Col. Silas Colgrove. Col. Colgrove replaced Gen. Ruger in command of the Brigade when the General took command of the division. Colgrove describes the attack on July 3 in his official report:
Up to this time the enemy had remained entirely concealed. It had been impossible to tell anything about his strength in our immediate front, but it was now clearly ascertained that he had massed a heavy force at that point. It seemed that the two regiments were devoted to destruction. Undaunted, on they charged, officers leading and cheering their men. The Second Massachusetts succeeded in clearing the open ground to the left of the breastworks. The Twenty-seventh Indiana, having obliqued to the right, had nearly double the distance to traverse to gain the position of the enemy, but on it went; at every volley of the enemy, gaps were being cut through its ranks. It became evident to me that scarcely a man could live to gain the position of the enemy. I ordered the regiment to fall back behind the breastworks, which it did. The Second Massachusetts' was also overpowered by numbers, and had to fall back. (Submitted on November 15, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Credits. This page was last revised on December 3, 2020. It was originally submitted on November 15, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 952 times since then and 11 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on November 15, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.