Cumberland Township in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Early's Division - Ewell's Corps
— Army of Northern Virginia —
Army of Northern Virginia
Ewell's Corps Early's Division
31st. 49th. 52nd. Virginia Infantry
July 3 The Brigade having been detached two days guarding York Pike and other roads against the reported approach of Union Cavalry was ordered to Culp's Hill to reinforce Johnson's Division. Arriving early it formed line along this stone wall receiving and returning fire of Infantry and sharpshooters in the woods opposite and being also subjected to heavy fire of Artillery. It repulsed the charge of the 2nd Massachusetts and 27th Indiana Regiments against this line and held its ground until the Union forces regained their works on the Hill. It then moved to a position further up the Creek and during the night marched to Seminary Ridge where it rejoined Early's Division.
July 4 Occupied Seminary Ridge. After midnight began the march to Hagerstown.
Present about 800. Killed 12, wounded 113, missing 17. Total 142.
Erected 1910 by Gettysburg National Military Park Commission.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil
Location. 39° 48.912′ N, 77° 12.952′ W. Marker is in Cumberland Township, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is at the intersection of East Confederate Avenue and Colgrove Avenue, on the left when traveling south on East Confederate Avenue. Located at stop 13 (Spangler's Spring) on the driving tour of Gettysburg National Military Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Walker's Brigade (within shouting distance of this marker); 1st Maryland Regiment (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); 107th New York Infantry (about 300 feet away); 27th Indiana Infantry (about 300 feet away); 46th Pennsylvania Infantry (about 400 feet away); Slaughter at Spangler's Spring (about 400 feet away); 145th New York Infantry (about 400 feet away); Indiana (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cumberland Township.
Also see . . .
1. Report of Col. John S. Hoffman, Thirty-first Virginia Infantry. Col. Hoffman filed the Brigade's report. Of the actions on July 3, Hoffman wrote:
On the morning of the 3d, the Forty-ninth and Fifty-second Virginia Regiments moved to the left and forward eastwardly, crossing the creek, and formed between the creek and the enemy's works near the left of General Johnson s division, (Submitted on November 15, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. General William "Extra Billy" Smith. Smith, who owed his position and rank more to political connections as former Governor of Virginia, was not considered reliable by many of his superiors. Following Gettysburg, he resigned on July 10 over perceived slights by Generals Early and Ewell, his commanders. (Submitted on November 15, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
3. Smith's Brigade. Gettysburg Daily article. (Submitted on December 2, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Credits. This page was last revised on December 3, 2020. It was originally submitted on November 15, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,111 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on November 15, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.