New York in New York County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
The Lower East Side
During the early 1800s, American-born, workers of English, Scottish and protestant Irish-descent inhabited wood and brick two- and three-story single-family homes, which lined the dirt street and sometimes housed small shops or factories. Beginning in the 1840s, the area surrounding Orchard Street became home to large numbers of German immigrants.
In 1828, on the site where 95, 97 and 99 Orchard Street now stand, the Orchard Street Dutch Reformed Church was built. In 1863, German-born tailors Jacob Walter, Lukas Glockner and Adam Stumm purchased the church property and immediately divided it into three building lots. The church was soon demolished, and the three men erected the block’s first purpose-built tenements on their individual lots.
By 1900, this block was the most densely populated place on earth – home to 2,223 people on 2.04 acres – most of whom were Jewish immigrants
Orchard Street has been home to countless businesses over the past two hundred years: from lager beer saloons and groceries in the late 1800s to undergarment shops and dry goods stores in the early 1900s. When a significant number of tenements on Orchard Street were vacated during the 1930s, Orchard Street’s profile as a commercial center assures adequate rents from the shops alone and, therefore, the survival of the buildings.
In 1988, 97 Orchard Street was rediscovered by the Lower East Side Tenement Museum which was searching for a home in which the history of tenement life and the diverse immigrant experience on the Lower East Side could be brought to life.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Notable Places.
Location. 40° 43.127′ N, 73° 59.392′ W. Marker is in New York, New York, in New York County. Marker is on Orchard Street near Delancy Street, on Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 85 Delancey St, New York NY 10002, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 97 Orchard Street (within shouting distance of this marker); No Gold? No Dinosaurs? No Long Forgotten Tomb? (within shouting distance of this marker); Kehila Kedosha Janina (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); B’nai B’rith (about 600 feet away); University Settlement House (about 700 feet away); M’Finda Kalunga Garden (approx. 0.2 miles away); John Brown's Body On The Bowery (approx. ¼ mile away); Hi-Tech (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New York.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 28, 2019. It was originally submitted on June 27, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. This page has been viewed 66 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on June 27, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. 7. submitted on June 28, 2019. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.