“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Lower East Side in Manhattan in New York County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

Orchard Street

The Lower East Side

Orchard Street Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Larry Gertner, 2010
1. Orchard Street Marker
Inscription.  For nearly two centuries, this block, bounded by Orchard, Allen, Delancy and Broome Streets, has been a first home for immigrants, and has been shaped and reshaped by generations of newcomers

Early 1880s
During the early 1800s, American-born, workers of English, Scottish and protestant Irish-descent inhabited wood and brick two- and three-story single-family homes, which lined the dirt street and sometimes housed small shops or factories. Beginning in the 1840s, the area surrounding Orchard Street became home to large numbers of German immigrants.

In 1828, on the site where 95, 97 and 99 Orchard Street now stand, the Orchard Street Dutch Reformed Church was built. In 1863, German-born tailors Jacob Walter, Lukas Glockner and Adam Stumm purchased the church property and immediately divided it into three building lots. The church was soon demolished, and the three men erected the block’s first purpose-built tenements on their individual lots.

By 1900, this block was the most densely populated place on earth – home to 2,223 people on 2.04 acres – most of whom were Jewish immigrants
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from Eastern Europe. Three years later, in 1903, the northern end of the block was truncated to widen Delancy Street as an approach to the newly built Williamsburg bridge, and three buildings on each side of the street were demolished. Then, in 1913, the three individual tenements at 103, 105 and 107 Orchard Street were joined to make one corner building.

Orchard Street has been home to countless businesses over the past two hundred years: from lager beer saloons and groceries in the late 1800s to undergarment shops and dry goods stores in the early 1900s. When a significant number of tenements on Orchard Street were vacated during the 1930s, Orchard Street’s profile as a commercial center assures adequate rents from the shops alone and, therefore, the survival of the buildings.

In 1988, 97 Orchard Street was rediscovered by the Lower East Side Tenement Museum which was searching for a home in which the history of tenement life and the diverse immigrant experience on the Lower East Side could be brought to life.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Notable Places. A significant historical year for this entry is 1863.
Location. 40° 43.127′ N, 73° 59.392′ W. Marker is in Manhattan, New York, in New York County. It is in the Lower East Side. Marker is on Orchard
Inset image. Click for full size.
circa 1950s
2. Inset
West side of Orchard Street, late 1950s
Street near Delancy Street, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 85 Delancey St, New York NY 10002, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 97 Orchard Street (within shouting distance of this marker); No Gold? No Dinosaurs? No Long Forgotten Tomb? (within shouting distance of this marker); Kehila Kedosha Janina (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); B’nai B’rith (about 600 feet away); University Settlement House (about 700 feet away); M'Finda Kalunga Community Garden (approx. 0.2 miles away); M'Finda Kalunga Garden (approx. 0.2 miles away); John Brown's Body On The Bowery (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Manhattan.
Inset image. Click for full size.
circa 1900
3. Inset
Lower East Side street scene, circa 1900
Heritage Trail marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Larry Gertner, 2008
4. Heritage Trail marker
The front of the original marker. This is the only Heritage Trail marker I ever saw that wasn't in the Downtown/Financial District area.
Heritage Trail marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Larry Gertner, 2008
5. Heritage Trail marker
The back of the original marker.
Getting ready for the tour at 97 Orchard Street, 2019 image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Larry Gertner, June 6, 2019
6. Getting ready for the tour at 97 Orchard Street, 2019
<i>Orchard Street Scene</i> image. Click for full size.
New York Tenement House Department (courtesy of the New York Public Library), circa 1908
7. Orchard Street Scene
Credits. This page was last revised on January 31, 2023. It was originally submitted on June 27, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. This page has been viewed 469 times since then and 196 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on June 27, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.   7. submitted on June 28, 2019. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.

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May. 29, 2024