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Near Delhi in Delaware County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Anti-Rent Wars

Historic New York

 
 
The Anti-Rent Wars Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, July 3, 2019
1. The Anti-Rent Wars Marker
Inscription.  The anti-rent agitations of the 1830's and 1840's originated in the landowning system of colonial New York. Grants of extensive estates in the 17th and 18th centuries gave to the Van Rensselaers, Livingstons and other owners considerable power over land and tenants. Many of their manorial privileges lasted into the 19th century.

Hardworking farmers, who could not purchase land on the manors but could only obtain perpetual leases, objected to the powers exerted by the aristocratic landlords. Periodic outbursts of unrest culminated in the "Anti-Rent Wars." Down-rent sentiments inflamed Albany, Rensselaer, Columbia, Schoharie, Ulster and Columbia Counties, and hostility became particularly vehement in Delaware County.

Men disguised themselves with masks and calico cloaks. Blasts on tin horns rallied these "calico Indians" to block with force attempts by sheriffs to collect rents or evict defaulters. After a deputy was killed in 1845, Governor Silas Wright sent the militia to restore order in Delaware County.

Following that peak of excitement, anti-rent disputes became immersed in politics. The Legislature and the State
The Anti-Rent Wars Marker<br>(<i>view from wayside looking west toward State Highway 10</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, July 3, 2019
2. The Anti-Rent Wars Marker
(view from wayside looking west toward State Highway 10)
Constitutional Convention of 1846, acting on the anti-rent complaints, abolished the landowners' privileges and limited the terms of future leases. Other manorial rules gradually disappeared.
Education Department State of New York 1966 Department of Public Works

 
Erected 1966 by State of New York, Education Department, and Department of Public Works.
 
Location. 42° 18.046′ N, 74° 53.954′ W. Marker is near Delhi, New York, in Delaware County. Marker is on Main Street (State Highway 10) 0.1 miles east of Falls Mills Road, on the right when traveling east. Marker is located in a wayside pull-out on the south side of the highway, overlooking the West Branch Delaware River. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Delhi NY 13753, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Frisbee House (approx. 0.4 miles away); Fitch's Covered Bridge (approx. one mile away); Christian Church at Fitch's Bridge (approx. 1.1 miles away); Fitches Crossing Covered Bridge (approx. 1.1 miles away); Delaware County Civil War Memorial (approx. 1.8 miles away); The 144th Regiment (approx. 1.8 miles away); Charles Evans Hughes (approx. 1.8 miles away); Samuel A. Law (approx. 4.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Delhi.
 
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 Catskill Archive - The Anti-Rent Wars. The troubles arose over the leased land held by the settlers, for which they had long paid rent unprotestingly, until, coming to regard the rental as an injustice, rebellion arose. According to grants under King George III, great tracts of land in certain sections of New York State had long been held by patroons under various patents. (Submitted on July 5, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Categories. Notable EventsSettlements & Settlers
 

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Credits. This page was last revised on July 5, 2019. This page originally submitted on July 5, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 129 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on July 5, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.
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