“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Lafayette in Lafayette Parish, Louisiana — The American South (West South Central)

Vermilionville Historical Timeline

pre-1699 - 1800

Vermilionville Historical Timeline Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cajun Scrambler, February 9, 2019
1. Vermilionville Historical Timeline Marker
pre-1699: Ancestors of the Ishak (Atakapa) and Chitimacha people hunt bison, deer, bear and small game; harvest fish and shellfish. The Chitimacha's territory encompasses the entire Atchafalaya Basin, lands west toward Lake Charles, east to the New Orleans area and north to Port Barre. Ishak (atakapa) settlements span from the Acthafalaya Swamp to Galveston Bay.

avant-1699: Les Ancêtres des Ishak (Atakapa) et des Chitimacha chassent le bison, le chevreuil, l'ours et le petit gibier, attrapent le poisson et les crustacés. Les Chitimacha s'établissent du Bassin Atchafalaya au Bayou Téche et les Ishak (Atakapa) s'établissent du Bassin Atchafalaya à la Baie de Galveston.

France claims and begins to colonize La Louisane named after King Louis XIV.
France allies with some tribes while enslaving others, namely the Chitimacha.

1699-1718: La France prend possession de la Louisane et commence à la coloniser au nom du roi Louis XIV
La France forme des alliances avec certaines tribus tandis qu'elle

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un met d'autres en esclavage notamment les Chitimacha.

1720-1744: France establishes the Poste des Opelousas (present-day Opelousas) and the Poste des Attakapas (present-day St. Martinville) to facilitate trade with the Ishak (Atakapa)tribe.

1720-1744: La France établit le Poste des Opélousas (aujourd'hui Opélousas) et le Poste des Attakapas (aujourd'hui Saint-Martinville)pour faciliter les échanges avec la tribu Ishak(Atakapa).

1755: Le Grande Dérangement: English colonization of eastern Canada results in the expulsion of French-speaking Catholics from Acadia. The refugees, who arrive beginning in 1765, become known as Lew Acadiens, a term which eventually evolves phonetically into the term Cajun.

1755: Le Grande Dérangement: la colonisation anglaise de l'Est du Canada entraîne l'expulsion des catholiques de langue française de l'Acadie. Les réfugiés qui arrivent à partir de 1765 sont connus comme les Acadiens, un terme qui évolue finalement phonétiquement dans le terme Cadien.

1763: Following its defeat in the Seven Years War, France cedes Louisiana west of the Mississippi River to Spain. With a dire need for colonists to secure and defend its claims, Spain

Vermilionville Historical Timeline Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cajun Scrambler, February 9, 2019
2. Vermilionville Historical Timeline Marker
offers land grants to immigrants who are willing to settle in the Attakapas District.

1763: Asprès sa défaite dans la guerre de Sept Ans, la France cède la Louisiane àl-ouest du fleuve Mississippi à l'Espagne. Ayant un besoin urgent de colons pour sécuriser et défendre sa réclamation l'Espagne offre des concessions de terres aux immigrants qui sont prêts às'installer dans le district des Attakapas.

1765: Joseph "Beausoleil" Broussard leads a group of 200 refugees from Acadia, Canada to settle in Loreauville near the Poste des Attakapas, comprising the first major settlement of Les Acadiens (Cajuns).

1765: Joseph Broussard, dit Beausoleil, dirige un groupe de plus 200 réfugiés en provenance de l'Acadie au Canada à s'installer à Loreauville près de le Poste des Attakapas, établissant la premiére colonie majeure des Acadiens.

1765: Dauterive Cattle Compact: a group of Acadian immigrants agree to graze Spanish cattle on land provided by Antoine Bernard Dauterive, expanding the number of vacheries (cattle ranches) in the area, which were first established in the 1740s.

1765: Le Compact Dauterive: un groupe d'immigrants acadiens acceptent de faire paître de bétail espangnol sur un terrain fourni par Antoine Bernard Dauterive

Vermilionville Historical Timeline Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cajun Scrambler, February 9, 2019
3. Vermilionville Historical Timeline Marker
et élargit le nombre de vacheries dans la région qui ont d'abord été créées dans les années 1740.

1765-1800: Additional waves of non-Native people settle the area. New arrivals include Spaniards from the Canary Islands (Los Isleños) and Malaga who establish New Iberia, refugees from the French Revolution after 1789, Creoles from the Mississippi River Valley including gens de couleur libres (free persons of color), and enslaved persons of color brought by force.

1765-1800: Des vagues supplémentaires de personnes non autochtones s'établissent dans la région. Les nouveaux arrivants sont les Espangols en provenance des îles Canaries (Los Isleños) et Malaga qui établissent la Nouvelle-Ibérie, des réfugies de la Révolution française après 1789, des Créoles de la vallée du Mississippi, y compris les Gens de couleur libres, et des gens de couleur asservis amenés de force.
Erected by Vermilionville Historic Village.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Colonial EraSettlements & Settlers. In addition, it is included in the Acadian History series list.
Location. 30° 12.903′ N, 91° 59.746′ W. Marker is in Lafayette, Louisiana, in

Vermilionville Historical Timeline Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cajun Scrambler, February 8, 2019
4. Vermilionville Historical Timeline Marker
Lafayette Parish. Marker can be reached from Fisher Road near Surrey Street (State Road 728-8). Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 300 Fisher Road, Lafayette LA 70508, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Vermilionville Historical Timeline (here, next to this marker); Historic Village Map (here, next to this marker); Coussan House (a few steps from this marker); Bayou Vermilion District (within shouting distance of this marker); Beau Bassin House (within shouting distance of this marker); School House (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Mouton House (about 400 feet away); Vermilion River (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Lafayette.
More about this marker. Located on the grounds of the Vermilionville Historic Village, a living history museum. Fee is charged for access to museum grounds.
Credits. This page was last revised on May 28, 2023. It was originally submitted on July 13, 2019, by Cajun Scrambler of Assumption, Louisiana. This page has been viewed 294 times since then and 90 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 13, 2019.

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Dec. 2, 2023