Mill Springs Battleﬁeld
— National Historic Landmark —
Formidable Defenses, but a Poor Tactical Move
A line of earthworks with three earthen forts protected the camp. Two more forts stood behind it. One protected the road to the ferry landing, the other the Confederate flank. Soldiers, working day and night, finished building the impressive earthworks before the end of December.
Zollicoffer wrote of the position, "The river protects our rear and flanks ..." but a number of soldiers expressed concern. "If [the enemy] should whip us," wrote one, "they will get most of our baggage as it will be impossible for us to get it back across the river and save
A Frantic Retreat
Soon after the retreating Confederates reached Beech Grove, Confederate Commander General George B. Crittenden ordered them across the rain-swollen Cumberland River. The retreat did not end until the army reached Tennessee.
When Union soldiers entered the deserted encampment the next day they found 1,000 horses and mules running loose, and ten pieces of artillery with ammunition in the caissons and horses in the traces. The fleeing Confederates left a battery wagon, forge, quantities of small arms and ammunition, and untold numbers of personal items.
Inset sketches: Left: Confederate General Felix. K. Zollicoffer
Right: This sketch of the Confederate camp at Beech Grove appeared in the March 1, 1862, issue of Harper's Magazine.
Erected 2014 by Mill Springs Battlefield Association.
Marker series. This marker is included in the National Historic Landmarks marker series.
Location. 36° 57.158′ N, 84° 47.045′ W. Marker is near Nancy, Kentucky, in Wayne County. Marker is on Mill Springs-Battlefield Road, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: Mill Springs-Battlefield Road, Nancy KY 42544, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this
More about this marker. This marker replaced an older one at this location also titled “Zollie's Den”.
Also see . . . Mill Springs Battlefield Association. (Submitted on August 2, 2019.)
Categories. • Landmarks • War, US Civil •
More. Search the internet for Zollie's Den.
Credits. This page was last revised on August 18, 2019. This page originally submitted on July 25, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 61 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 25, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.