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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Buffalo in Putnam County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)
 

Raiders in Buffalo

Clashing with Jenkins

 

— Jenkins’s Raid —

 
Raiders in Buffalo Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, July 13, 2019
1. Raiders in Buffalo Marker
Inscription.  Confederate Gen. Albert G. Jenkins led 550 cavalrymen on a 500-mile raid, Aug. 22 to Sept. 12, 1862, attacking Federal forces, capturing prisoners, and destroying military stores. From Salt Sulphur Springs he rode along the Tygart and Buckhannon Rivers, taking 5,000 weapons in Buckhannon and occupying Weston. He captured the Union garrison at Spencer on Sept. 2 and then took Ripley, where he seized funds from the U.S. paymaster. At Ravenswood, he forded the Ohio River and raised the Confederate flag in Ohio on Sept. 4. He captured Racine, recrossed the river, and ended the raid at Red House on the Kanawha River.

Near the end of Confederate Gen. Albert G. Jenkins’s raid, he considered attacking the Union garrison at Point Pleasant but decided against it because he lacked large cannons. Instead, after driving in the Federal pickets, Jenkins recalled he “then proceeded with my main body towards Buffalo, a small town situated on the Kanawha 20 miles above its mouth. On arriving near it we encamped for the night and occupied it next morning [September 6], and remaining there until 1 o’clock that night crossed the
Raiders in Buffalo Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, July 13, 2019
2. Raiders in Buffalo Marker
Kanawha River by fording.” Jenkins’s first visit to Buffalo ended with no bloodshed.

Jenkins subsequently camped on the Kanawha River in the vicinity of Buffalo. On September 26, Col. John A. Turley, 91st Ohio Infantry, led his regiment downriver from Point Pleasant. Four miles north of here (a mile north of Eighteen Mile Creek) he encountered Jenkins’s cavalry pickets. After crossing the creek, Turley deployed his men in battle line on both sides of the road to Buffalo. Jenkins shelled the Federals from “near the bridge, at the lower end of the town,” but the rounds passed overhead. Turley, impeded by the “marshy ravine” behind the Methodist church and Buffalo Academy, pushed Jenkins’s troopers through the town. The Confederates scattered. Turley captured two, killed or wounded about ten, and took several rifles and horses. Turley regretted not getting to the town in time to capture Jenkins, “as he slept in a private residence in Buffalo on the night previous.” Jenkins was transferred to Virginia’s Shenandoah Valley in December.

(sidebar)
The Methodists were the first congregation in Buffalo. The members met in dwellings and log schoolhouses until January 1833, when they built a frame church in the bottom on High Street beside the Methodist cemetery. Flooding prompted a move to higher
Buffalo Methodist Church image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, July 13, 2019
3. Buffalo Methodist Church
ground near Buffalo Academy in 1848. Union troops occupied and burned the church near the war’s end. Later, the congregation received restitution and built this church in 1870.
 
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails series list.
 
Location. 38° 37.045′ N, 81° 58.827′ W. Marker is in Buffalo, West Virginia, in Putnam County. Marker is on High Street just east of Lafayette Street (West Virginia Route 62), on the right when traveling east. It is at the parking lot for the Methodist Church. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Buffalo WV 25033, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Historic Town of Buffalo (within shouting distance of this marker); Buffalo Academy (within shouting distance of this marker); “Lawnvale” / “Coin” Harvey (within shouting distance of this marker); Buffalo Presbyterian Church (within shouting distance of this marker); Battle of Atkenson’s Gate (approx. 2.2 miles away); Indian Village / Excavations (approx. 2.3 miles away); General McCausland (approx. 2.8 miles away); Red House (approx. 6.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Buffalo.
 
More about this marker. Marker is illustrated with a map and two photographs an one illustration. On the lower left is an engraving from Century Magazine (circa 1880) captioned “Confederate cavalry raiders.” In the center is a portrait of General Albert G. Jenkins. In the lower center right is a map of Jenkin’s movements captioned “Jenkins’s Raid in West Virginia and Ohio, August–September 1862.” In the sidebar on the lower right is a photograph captioned “Buffalo, circa 1858, showing the 1848 Methodist church (center) behind the Academy.”
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 14, 2020. It was originally submitted on July 31, 2019, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 178 times since then and 54 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on July 31, 2019, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.   3. submitted on July 30, 2019, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.
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Oct. 28, 2020