“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Woodbourne Heights in Baltimore, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)


Tivoli Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, August 2, 2019
1. Tivoli Marker
Inscription.  "There's no use going in there, brother. You won't get a damned crust." Thus was Enoch Pratt, a leading 19th century capitalist and philanthropist, warned away from his own estate by an irate tramp. Although famous for his lucrative involvement in railroads, canals, banks and insurance companies, the Massachusetts-born Pratt also enjoyed a reputation as a tightwad. This estate, named by him "Tivoli," is said to be unique among his ventures in that it yielded no profit.

Pratt purchased Tivoli in 1870 as a summer residence. He was in good company, among fellow New Englanders who suffered unpopularity during the difficult years of Reconstruction. They formed a congenial colony in the countryside near "Govanstown," then a two-hour ride from town. Tivoli is one of the few estates to survive from that era. It was built in 1855 in a local version of the Italianate style and once included sections of several colonial plantations, forest and rolling farmland.

Pratt died at Tivoli on September 17, 1896. In 1899, the estate was sold to the A.S. Abell family, publishers of the Sunpapers and owners of an adjoining estate. Since
Tivoli image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, August 2, 2019
2. Tivoli
1925, Tivoli has housed Woodbourne, a residential treatment center for troubled adolescents. Established in 1798 as the "Female Humane Association," it was one of the earliest children's institutions in the country.
Erected by Woodbourne, Sponsor; First Maryland Foundation, Sponsor; William Donald Schaefer, Mayor.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Charity & Public WorkIndustry & Commerce. In addition, it is included in the Maryland, Baltimore City historical markers series list.
Location. 39° 21.206′ N, 76° 35.546′ W. Marker is in Woodbourne Heights in Baltimore, Maryland. Marker can be reached from Woodbourne Avenue east of Purdue Avenue, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1301 Woodbourne Avenue, Baltimore MD 21239, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Rochelle Stevens (approx. 0.6 miles away); April D. Ryan (approx. 0.6 miles away); William C. (Bill) Rhoden (approx. 0.6 miles away); Frederick Douglass (approx. 0.6 miles away); Holmes Hall (approx. 0.6 miles away); Carnegie Hall (approx. 0.7 miles away); Groove Phi Groove Social Fellowship, Inc. (approx. ¾ mile away); Morgan State University (approx. ¾ mile away).
Credits. This page was last revised on April 17, 2020. It was originally submitted on August 3, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 166 times since then and 33 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on August 3, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.
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Oct. 26, 2020