New York in New York County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Golden Swan Garden
As a member of the theater troupe the Provincetown Players, O’Neill was often at their playhouse on MacDougal Street and frequently dropped in to drink at the Golden Swan. In a 1919 letter to his first wife Agnes, O’Neill recounts a trip to the Hell Hole in the midst of the Prohibition era, where he says there was no whiskey at the time but sherry was still relatively cheap at 20 cents a drink. On hearing that a song by Lefty Louie, a Hell Hole bartender, would soon be performed on Broadway,
O’Neill was one of the many writers, artists, intellectuals and activists who were attracted to Greenwich Village, its cheap rent, and quaint brownstones in the early 1900s. It was here - nurtured in its sundry cafes, taverns, and restaurants – that a unique, revolutionary spirit of creative energy and freedom of thought blossomed and shaped the Village’s bohemian character. The Village’s first tearoom, called the Mad Hatter, once stood directly to the east of this garden at 150 West Fourth Street. The site
During a clandestine midnight picnic at the top of the Washington Arch in nearby Washington Square Park on January 23, 1917, Sloan and a group of actors and artists including Marcel Duchamp went so far as to declare Greenwich Village its own independent nation. The scene depicted in Sloan’s Arch Conspirators (1917) in one of his many works that give a glimpse of city life during his time. In 1917, Sloan also made an etching of the interior of the Hell Hole, in which Eugene O’Neil is portrayed sitting at a table in the upper-right hand corner. His painting The City from Greenwich Village , included a view of this corner, looking downtown towards the Financial District, with the Sixth Avenue elevated train crossing the street.
In 1928, the Golden
In 1999, Mayor Giuliani contributed $80,000 for a Requirements Contract to begin to turn this formerly bedraggled open patch of asphalt and concrete into a garden. Council Member Christine Quinn allocated $158,000 in additional capital funding to complete the renovation of the garden, including the installation of new granite curbs, an ornamental steel fence, a toolshed and a jardinière urn. Completed in winter of 2000, the garden also features bluestone and asphalt block paths, and a number of trees such as the Japanese Dogwood (Cornus kousa), Flowering dogwood (Coirnua florida), Serbian spruce (Picea omorika), Japanese maple (Acer japonica), Dawn redwood (Metasequora glyptostroboides), and Saucer magnolia (Magnolia x soulangiana).
City of New York Parts and Recreation
Michael R. Bloomberg, Mayor
Adrian Benepe, Commissioner June 2001
Erected 2001 by City of New York Parts and Recreation.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Arts, Letters, Music • Parks & Recreational Areas.
Location. 40° 43.895′ N, 74° 0.047′ W. Marker is in New York, New York, in New York County. Marker is on West 4th Street near Sixth Avenue, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: New York NY 10012, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. West 4th Street Courts (within shouting distance of this marker); Willa Cather and Richard Wright (within shouting distance of this marker); 80 Washington Place (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Minetta Playground (about 300 feet away); St. Joseph’s Church (about 400 feet away); Mascha Kaleko (about 500 feet away); Minetta Green (about 500 feet away); Edwin Arlington Robinson (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New York.
Also see . . . Notorious Village dive bar, the Golden Swan. Ephemeral New York entry (Submitted on November 7, 2020, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.)
Credits. This page was last revised on January 22, 2021. It was originally submitted on August 25, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. This page has been viewed 82 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on August 25, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.