Cumberland in Allegany County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Between the Line
— Gettysburg Campaign —
In June 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee ordered Gen. John D. Imboden to protect the army's left flank as it marched north through the Shenandoah Valley. Imboden was to draw Union forces into Hampshire County, West Virginia, and destroy bridges and communications. After Lee routed the Federal garrison at Winchester, Virginia, on June 15, Union Gen. Benjamin F. Kelley ordered the remaining troops to New Creek to protect the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad and to prevent Imboden from heading west. Kelley's orders left Cumberland wholly unprotected, between the two armies' lines, and in a state of near panic.
At dawn on June 17, the 18th Virginia Cavalry and Confederate artillery arrived east of Cumberland off Williams Road near here. When residents approached them to ascertain their intentions, they fired the cannons, and shells landed near McKaig's foundry. Two trooper under Confederate Col. George W. Imboden (Gen. John Imboden's brother) then delivered a letter to Cumberland's acting mayor, Valentine Buckey, demanding that he surrender the city "as an act of humanity." Terms were negotiated, and about 30 cavalrymen entered Cumberland,
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Communications • Railroads & Streetcars • War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O), and the Maryland Civil War Trails series lists. A significant historical month for this entry is June 1863.
Location. 39° 38.966′ N, 78° 44.993′ W. Marker is in Cumberland, Maryland, in Allegany County. Marker can be reached from Fort Avenue just north of Reservoir Avenue, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Cumberland MD 21502, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Cumberland (a few steps from this marker); Monomoy Surfboat CG 26860 (approx. 0.2 miles away); Constitution Park (approx. ¼ mile away); The Francis Haley House (approx. 0.4 miles away); Memorial Park (approx. 0.4 miles away); McNeill’s Raid (approx. half a mile away); Capture of Generals (approx. half a mile away); A Boom for Cumberland (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cumberland.
Credits. This page was last revised on September 15, 2021. It was originally submitted on September 7, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 220 times since then and 35 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on September 7, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.