St. Ignace in Mackinac County, Michigan — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
The Huron Longhouse
When Huron refugees settled on this site in 1671 they established a village similar to the ones they had built for centuries in lower Ontario, their homeland.
The most striking feature in a Huron village is the very tall and very long bark house. Unlike the seasonally migratory Ojibwa people who built smaller, more portable houses, the Huron, who were a settled agricultural people, built these huge permanent structures. There were as many as ten longhouses in this village.
Each longhouse stood about 20 feet high and 20 feet wide, and extended anywhere from 40 to 120 feet long. Saplings were placed into the ground at opposite sides of the house and arched and lashed at the top to form the rounded roof. Cross beams were tied at regular intervals to brace the structure, and strips of bark acted as siding. Woven mats or skins served as doors. Each house was inhabited by a grandmother, her husband, her daughters, their husbands, and their children. A son lived in the house of his wife's mother.
This longhouse sits on what is believed to be the location of these structures. Unlike the smaller Ojibwa wigwams,
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Native Americans. A significant historical year for this entry is 1671.
Location. 45° 52.304′ N, 84° 43.909′ W. Marker is in St. Ignace, Michigan, in Mackinac County. Marker can be reached from North State Street (Business Interstate 75) north of Marquette Street, on the left when traveling north. Marker and longhouse are on the grounds of The Museum of Ojibwa Culture. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 500 North State Street, Saint Ignace MI 49781, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Anishinaabe Drying Rack (a few steps from this marker); Anishinaabe Fisherman (a few steps from this marker); Anishinaabe Medicine Man (a few steps from this marker); Anishinaabe Woman (a few steps from this marker); Anishinaabe Garden (a few steps from this marker); Father Marquette Park Kiosk (within shouting distance of this marker); Grave of Father Marquette (within shouting distance of this marker); St. Ignace Mission (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in St. Ignace.
Credits. This page was last revised on September 16, 2019. It was originally submitted on September 16, 2019, by Joel Seewald of Madison Heights, Michigan. This page has been viewed 778 times since then and 360 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on September 16, 2019, by Joel Seewald of Madison Heights, Michigan.