Houston in Harris County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
The Baker Family history and Houston’s history are one and the same
Few have contributed more to our city’s progress than the members of the James Addison Baker family. They pioneered Texas law, built the law firm Baker Botts, managed the trust that started Rice University, established Neighborhood Centers Inc., played key roles in business and civic development and founded the James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy at Rice University.
Judge James A. Baker
Born in Alabama, he moved to East Texas, practiced law and became a judge. At Baker Botts, his legal advice helped connect America’s railroads with Houston, which blossomed into a commerce hub. His firm became a leader in rail, oil and business law.
Captain James A. Baker
Born in Huntsville, Texas, he was a lawyer and banker who embodied Houston’s growth. He saved William Rice’s fortune from a plot, launched Rice’s planned university and served as its Board Chair for 50 years. He was the senior partner of Baker Botts.
James A. Baker, Jr.
Born in Houston, he was a World War I hero
James A. Baker, III
Born in Houston, he had unrivaled national careers in public service and politics. He is the only person to be Secretary of State, Secretary of the Treasury and White House Chief of Staff and to lead five Presidential campaigns for three Presidents.
James A. Baker, III
Statesman, Politician, Lawyer
10th White House Chief of Staff 1981-1985
67th Secretary of the Treasury 1985-1988
61st Secretary of State 1989-1992
16th White House Chief of Staff 1992-1993
Public service is a small price to pay for the privilege of being a citizen in our great nation.
James A. Baker, III is unique in American history. After graduating from Princeton University and serving as a marine, Baker married Mary Stuart McHenry, graduated from The University of Texas School of Law and joined the Houston law firm Andrews Kurth. Following his wife’s death in 1970, then-Congressman George Bush asked Baker to assist his U.S. Senate campaign. Bush lost, but Baker joined the world of politics and public service that defined the rest of his life. He married Susan Garrett Winston in 1973.
Baker’s service at the pinnacle of American power was historic. President Gerald Ford named him Undersecretary of Commerce in 1975. He chaired Ford’s 1976 Presidential campaign. He then led four straight Presidential campaigns for Ronald Reagan and George Bush and held key government posts for them. As White House Chief of Staff for both Reagan and Bush, he is widely regarded as among the best. As Reagan’s Treasury Secretary, he spearheaded the bipartisan 1986 Tax Reform Act and the 1985 Plaza Accords.
The world was transformed when Baker was Secretary of State for President Bush. The Cold War ended peacefully, the Soviet Union dissolved and democracy spread around the world. Baker laid the diplomatic groundwork to end the wars in Central America and to reunify Germany as a member of NATO. He forged the unprecedented international coalition that forced Iraq from Kuwait, organized the Madrid Peace Conference between Israel and all of its Arab neighbors and negotiated three arms reduction treaties with Moscow.
Baker’s public service continued after leaving government and joining Baker Botts. He founded the James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy at Rice University. Representing the United Nations, he sought to resolve the conflict in Western Sahara. He became Special Presidential Envoy to restructure
Location. 29° 45.839′ N, 95° 21.913′ W. Marker is in Houston, Texas, in Harris County. Marker is on Preston Street east of Bagby Street, on the right when traveling east. The marker, monument and "Baker Common" are on the southern side of Sesquicentennial Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Houston TX 77002, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Horace Dickinson Taylor (a few steps from this marker); Hogg Building (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Auditorium Hotel (approx. 0.2 miles away); Magnolia Brewery Building (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Kennedy Bakery (approx. 0.2 miles away); Old Market Square (approx. 0.2 miles away); Houston Cotton Exchange and Board of Trade (approx. ¼ mile away); Thomas William House (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Houston.
Categories. • Government & Politics •
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Credits. This page was last revised on October 2, 2019. This page originally submitted on October 1, 2019, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 54 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on October 1, 2019, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.