“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Larrys River in Guysborough County, Nova Scotia — The Atlantic Provinces (North America)

The Great Upheaval 1755-1763

Le grand dérangement

The Great Upheaval 1755-1763 Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Steve Stoessel, August 27, 2019
1. The Great Upheaval 1755-1763 Marker
With the founding of Halifax in 1749 as a British naval base, the Acadians became the target of concern and possible displacement. Demands on them to accept and sign an "oath of allegiance” to the British crown were made several times but the Acadians refused, unless two clauses of concern to them were changed: 1) they would not have to take up arms against the French or the Mi'kmaq in the event of conflict, and 2) they would not have to abandon the practice of their Catholic faith. In summary, they wished to remain "neutrals" and live in peace in their communities. The British of Halifax did not know how to deal with this and hastily put forward a "Deportation Order” as an answer to this dilemma.

On September 5, 1755, Colonel Winslow, on orders from Governor Lawrence of Halifax, had all the men and boys of the Grand Pré area assemble in St. Charles Church to be read a message from the Governor. Once in the church, the doors were locked and the Deportation Declaration was read. It stated that all families would be loaded together on ships anchored in Minas Basin and transported to the New England colonies
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where their governors were awaiting them and would treat them well. The reality was very different from the Declaration. Men were assembled, and under the careful eyes of military guards were led to Horton's Landing for a small boat shuttle to anchored ships for departure. Families, separated and torn apart by this poorly organized procedure, were cramped into small holds of ships and sent mostly to colonies where governors either knew nothing of their arrival refused to accept them or both. Rampant sickness caused by exposure, poor diet and unhealthy living conditions in the ship cramped quarters caused the deaths of many of these unfortunate exiles.

Halifax, ayant été établi comme une base navale Brittanique en 1749, les Acadiens deviennent menacés de déplacements. Les demandes d'accepter et de signer le 'serment de fidelité au roi d'Angleterre furent faites à plusieurs reprises, mais les Acadiens les refusèrent à moin de modifier deux clauses que les concernaient:
(1) Dans l'eventualité d'une guerre ils ne seraient pas obligés de porter les armes contre les Français et les Mi'Kmaq.
(2) Ils n'auraient pas à renoncer à leur religion. Ce qu'ils désiraient c'était de demeurer neutre et de vivre en paix dans leurs communautés.
Les gouverneurs Brittanique d'Halifax ne sont pas prêts à accepter ces termes et ils ordonnent la déportation de ceux-ci.

The Great Upheaval 1755-1763 Painting image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Steve Stoessel, August 27, 2019
2. The Great Upheaval 1755-1763 Painting
The Deportation Cross at Horton Landing is on the far right.
reçue les ordonnances du Gouverneur Lawrence d'Halifax le 5 septembre 1755, le Colonel Winslow convoqua tout les hommes et garçons à l'église Saint- Charles afin de leur faire part d'un Une fois ainsi assemblée, du gouverneur. Une fois ainsi assemblée. Les portes furent fermées à clé et l'ordonnance message les portes de déportation fut lue. Celle-ci leur faisait part que les membres d'une même famille se verraient transportés ensemble sur des navires destinés pour les colonies de la Nouvelle Angleterre où les gouverneurs les attendaient pour leur souhaiter la bienvenue. La réalité fut differente. Les hommes furent assemblés, et sous l'œil attentif des gardes militaires ils furent conduits à leurs navires prêts pour le départ. Les familles furent séparées par une procédure mal organisée et furent entassées dans les cales des bateaux, destinés pour des colonnies où les gouverneurs n'étaient aucunement au courant de leurs arrivées ou réfusaient de les accepter. Des maladies occasionées par les atrocitées de leur environnement causèrent beaucoup de fatalitées parmi ces exilés malheureux. (Marker Number 6.)
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: DisastersSettlements & SettlersWar, French and Indian. In addition, it is included in the Acadian History series list. A significant historical date for this entry is September 5, 1755.
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45° 13.305′ N, 61° 22.647′ W. Marker is in Larrys River, Nova Scotia, in Guysborough County. Marker is at the intersection of Marine Drive (Nova Scotia Route 316) and Ballfield Loop on Marine Drive. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Larrys River NS B0H 1T0, Canada. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Scattering of a People (here, next to this marker); Grand-Pré (here, next to this marker); The Resettlement (here, next to this marker); Acadian Dyke Building Along the Bay of Fundy (here, next to this marker); Chezzetcook, Tracadie and Havre Boucher (here, next to this marker); Samuel de Champlain Meets Captain Savalette On Shores of Tor Bay (a few steps from this marker); Settlement of the Tor Bay Area circa 1797 (a few steps from this marker); Settlement of l’Acadie 1604/1605 (a few steps from this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Larrys River.
Credits. This page was last revised on October 23, 2019. It was originally submitted on October 18, 2019, by Steve Stoessel of Niskayuna, New York. This page has been viewed 178 times since then and 43 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on October 18, 2019, by Steve Stoessel of Niskayuna, New York. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.

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Dec. 10, 2023