“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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French and Indian War Topic

<big>The Apalachee Village Marker on left. </big> image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, April 6, 2019
The Apalachee Village Marker on left.
1 Alabama, Baldwin County, Blakeley — The Apalachee Village
Just a half century prior to the founding of the town of Blakeley, an Apalachee Indian village stood on this spot. The village was founded in the early 1700s by Apalachee refugees fleeing warfare in Florida for the relative safety of French . . . Map (db m131851) HM
2 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Europeans Along the Alabama River
1540 expedition of Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto was first to penetrate Alabama interior. After advancing down Coosa Valley these adventurers camped nearby at Towasa (TO THE WEST) and then followed river on its southern course. In 1702. . . . Map (db m224812) HM
3 Connecticut, Fairfield County, New Fairfield — New Fairfield Veterans Memorial
They shall not grow old as we that are left grow old. Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn them. French & Indian War Samuel Fairchild Militia K.I.A. Aug. 4, 1759 Burmell Barnum Militia K.I.A. Aug. 4, 1761 Civil War Frederick C. . . . Map (db m23063) WM
4 Connecticut, Fairfield County, Wilton — Major Samuel Comstock
In Memory Of Major Samuel Comstock 1739 --- 1824 A Private In The French and Indian War A Captain In The Revolutionary War July 1776 --- June 1783 Serving At White Plains Germantown Fort Mifflin Valley Forge Monmouth Yorktown . . . Map (db m30471) HM
5 Connecticut, Hartford County, Hartford, Downtown — Israel PutnamJohn Q.A. Ward (1830-1910) — [Bushnell Park] —
Israel Putnam (1718-1790), the legendary general of the French and Indian and Revolutionary Wars, is considered Connecticut's first authentic folk hero. At the outbreak of the Revolutionary War in 1775, at 57 years old, he is famous for riding 18 . . . Map (db m230347) HM
6 Connecticut, Hartford County, Hartford, Downtown — Israel Putnam
Presented by the Honourable Joseph Pratt AllynMap (db m230348) WM
7 Connecticut, Litchfield County, Goshen — Goshen French and Indian War & Revolutionary War Memorial
[ front ] Dedicated To Our Comrades Of Goshen Who Established And Maintained Freedom For Our Country French And Indian War 1754 - 1763 Dibble, Joel • Doud, John • Gaylord, Timothy • Humphrey, Ashbel • Humphrey, Manna • Humphrey, . . . Map (db m30231) HM
8 Connecticut, Middlesex County, Clinton — A Walk Through Historic Clinton
1. Indian River At the center of the Colonial settlement, this stream winds south through salt marshes to the harbor. Shipyards stood on its banks in the 18th and 19th centuries. The bridge dates from the 1876, replacing an an earlier . . . Map (db m227290) HM
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9 Connecticut, Middlesex County, East Haddam — Maj. Gen. Joseph Spencer
Side A 1714-1789 Near this Green was the site of the General’s Farm, Store and dwelling house Side B 1714-1789 Officer in the French & Indian and Revolutionary Wars Delegate to the Continental Congress . . . Map (db m101985) HM
10 Connecticut, New Haven County, Cheshire, Cheshire Village — Town of Cheshire Memorial Plaza
Honoring Our Veterans 1754 French and Indian War 1763 Reuben Hitchcock • Edward Parker • Ephraim Parker 1775 Revolutionary War 1783 Asa Bellamy • Justus Bellamy • Reuben Bellamy • Silas Bellamy • Asa Bronson • Elisha Cowles • Amos Parker . . . Map (db m22406) WM
11 Connecticut, New Haven County, Madison — Thomas Chittenden
In this Town On January 6, 1730 was born Thomas Chittenden Colonel in the French & Indian Wars 1756-1760 Member of the Connecticut General Assembly 1765-1772 First Governor of Vermont 1778-1789 1790-1797 Died Chittenden County, . . . Map (db m245126) HM
12 Connecticut, Windham County, Windham, Windham Center — The Battle of the Frogs
1758   1924 This Tablet Erected by the Anne Wood Elderkin Chapter D.A.R. To Commemorate the Legend of The Battle of the FrogsMap (db m140009) HM
13 Delaware, Kent County, Milford — KC-114 — Colonel John Haslet
Colonel John Haslet-A native of Ulster, Ireland, John Haslet was born circa 1728 and emigrated to America about 1757. After playing an active role in the Pennsylvania militia during the French and Indian War, Haslet eventually settled in the Milford . . . Map (db m142542) HM
14 Delaware, New Castle County, Christiana — NC-52 — Samuel Patterson
Operated flour mill one-fourth mile south. Was captain in French and Indian War. In American Revolution was member of Boston Relief Committee, colonel of Delaware battalion of famous "Flying Camp," Brigadier General of Delaware militia and first . . . Map (db m67210) HM
15 Delaware, Sussex County, Dagsboro — SC-59 — Dagsboro
Settled at the site of a gristmill on Pepper Creek, this village was originally known as Blackfoot Town. The present name of the community is derived from that of John Dagsworthy. A New Jersey native who moved to this area in the mid- 18th . . . Map (db m37239) HM
16 District of Columbia, Washington, Northwest Washington, Foggy Bottom — Braddock’s Rock
This rock marks the place where Gen. Edward Braddock landed on April 14, 1755 with the British Expeditionary Force. This force was sent from England to fight in the French and Indian War. Shortly after arrival, Gen. Braddock moved his troops into . . . Map (db m197126) HM
17 District of Columbia, Washington, Northwest Washington, Massachusetts Heights — The Road to Fort Duquesne[National Cathedral]
This memorial was erected in 1907 by the Society of Colonial Wars in the District of Columbia to mark the road over which on April 14, 1755 a division of the British Army under General Braddock marched on its way to Fort Duquesne.Map (db m55534) HM
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18 Florida, Escambia County, Pensacola — D — Supremacy, Siege and the Sea — Pensacola Maritime Heritage Trail —
Military and naval conflict dominated the 18th century. France, Spain, and Great Britain were aggressors in nearly constant warfare that often extended into North America. Spain established a fledgling colony near what is now the Pensacola Naval Air . . . Map (db m130767) HM
19 Florida, Jackson County, Bascom — 4 — Ekanachatte or "Red Ground"Jackson County Spanish Heritage Trail, Stop #4
Creek Town of the Spanish Era Ekanachatte ("Red Ground") was an important Creek Indian town that stood here at Neal's Landing Park during the latter half of the 18th century and the first two decades of the 19th. This site was known as . . . Map (db m201244) HM
20 Georgia, Camden County, St. Marys — The Tragic AcadiansSt. Marys History Walk
These French-speaking refugees were forced to leave their homes in Nova Scotia by the British during the French & Indian War (1754-1763). The descendants of these oppressed Acadians ultimately sought refuge in St. Marys in the late 1790s after . . . Map (db m144939) HM
21 Georgia, Seminole County, Donalsonville — Sabacola El Menor
Located in Seminole County, near the forks of the Chattahoochee and Flint Rivers, was a town of Hitchiti-speaking, Lower Creek Indians. A Spanish mission, Santa Cruz de Sabacola el Menor, was established there in 1675. By 1685, English traders from . . . Map (db m17834) HM
22 Georgia, White County, Sautee Nacoochee — The Unicoi RoadHardman Farm Historic Site
The Cherokee once walked through this valley along an ancient trail when traveling from their town of Overhill (Tennessee)to their settlements in the Carolinas and Georgia. Earlier, this north-south trading route existed as one of an extensive . . . Map (db m229230) HM
23 Illinois, Alexander County, McClure — Welcome to Illinois
In 1673 Louis Jolliet and Father Jacques Marquette explored the Illinois country for France. By the 1763 Treaty ending the French and Indian War, this area passed to England. During the American Revolution, George Rogers Clark's men captured it for . . . Map (db m161171) HM
24 Illinois, Edgar County, Chrisman — Pontiac Peace Treaty
A few miles west of here on July 18, 1765, Pontiac, an Ottawa Chief, and George Croghan, British Representative, met in a formal peace council which ended the most threatening Indian uprising against the British in North America. Following the . . . Map (db m10997) HM
25 Illinois, Livingston County, Pontiac — PontiacThe City of Pontiac is named for this Intrepid Warrior
Pontiac organizer of the conspiracy which bears his name, was born on the Maumee River in what is now Ohio, in 1720. As Chief, he led the Ottawa and Chippewa Indians at Braddocks (sic) defeat July 9, 1755. When France surrendered Canada to the . . . Map (db m29751) HM
26 Illinois, Massac County, Metropolis — Four Flags Over Fort Massac
1500's Spanish Ownership 1702 French trading post and mission 1757 French fortification to block British expansion into Mississippi River, named Fort Massac 1764 French abandoned fort to British 1778 George Rogers Clark . . . Map (db m154811) HM
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27 Illinois, Pike County, Aladdin — Illinois
The fertile prairies in Illinois attracted the attention of French trader Louis Jolliet and Father Jacques Marquette as they explored the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers in 1673. France claimed this region until 1763 when it was surrendered to Great . . . Map (db m136729) HM
28 Illinois, Randolph County, Chester — Chester-Kaskaskia, Illinois
Shadrach Bond, first Governor of Illinois (1818-1822), is buried in Evergreen Cemetery in Chester. The first recorded settler in the area was John McFerron who purchased land in 1817 but Samuel Smith, who settled here in 1830, is considered the . . . Map (db m161446) HM
29 Illinois, Randolph County, Ellis Grove — Kaskaskia Village
Kaskaskia Village was formed in 1703 by Kaskaskia Indians, attended by a French priest and fur traders. It grew to be the center of French life in the Illinois Country. Occupied by British, 1765. Captured for Virginia by George Rogers Clark, . . . Map (db m163787) HM
30 Illinois, Randolph County, Ellis Grove — Site of Fort Kaskaskia
These mounds are the timeworn remains of a fort designed to protect the village of Kaskaskia. The town, founded in 1703, was the southern anchor of France's colony in the Illinois Country. During the 1730s, French officials planned to replace the . . . Map (db m163784) HM
31 Illinois, Randolph County, Prairie du Rocher — 1763 - Treaty of Paris Affects Prairie du Rocher
The end of the Seven Years' War, better known to the colonists as the French and Indian War, came not by skirmish but by the Treaty of Paris signed February 1763. Through this all of France's possessions East of the Mississippi were ceded to . . . Map (db m206192) HM WM
32 Illinois, Randolph County, Prairie du Rocher — 1765 - Living under British Rule
"The British are coming” had a much different meaning to the villagers of Prairie du Rocher. The British took control of Fort de Chartres renaming it Fort Cavendish on Oct. 10, 1765. The majority of the residents of the villages of Chartres, St. . . . Map (db m206109) HM
33 Illinois, Randolph County, Prairie du Rocher — 1916 - Fort de Chartres Becomes a State Park
As the State of Illinois' second state park, Fort de Chartres, restoration began with the gun powder magazine in 1917. The state had taken ownership of the grounds in 1913. Further restorative efforts followed through the 1920's by uncovering . . . Map (db m206031) HM
34 Illinois, Randolph County, Prairie du Rocher — Fort de Chartres
Fort de Chartres, seat of civil and military government in the Illinois country for half a century, was first completed in 1720. In 1753-56 it was rebuilt of stone at a cost of 200,000 livres and became one of the strongest forts in North America . . . Map (db m163687) HM
35 Illinois, Randolph County, Prairie du Rocher — Welcome to Fort de Chartres State Historic Site
Before you stands the partially reconstructed Fort de Chartres, built by the French government between 1753 and 1755. The stone fort replaced earlier wooden forts by the same name. From 1720 to 1763, these forts served France as the military, . . . Map (db m163678) HM
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36 Illinois, Vermilion County, Allerton — Croghan Treaty with PontiacJuly 1765
Near here, on July 18, A.D. 1765, Colonel George Croghan, Superintendent of Indian Affairs for the British government, made a preliminary treaty of peace with Pontiac, chief of the Ottawas and leader of the great Indian confederacy. By the terms of . . . Map (db m74024) HM
37 Illinois, Vermilion County, Sidell — Detroit - Kaskaskia Indian Trail
This stone rests in a virgin portion of the Detroit - Kaskaskia Indian Trail. Erected by the Sidell Woman's Club 1942Map (db m73973) HM
38 Illinois, Winnebago County, Rockford — Memorial Hall
This Memorial Hall, the first of its kind in the United States, dedicated to our Veterans of all wars, was completed in the year 1903 with dedication ceremonies on June Third of that year by our twenty-sixth President Theodore Roosevelt with these . . . Map (db m95722) HM WM
39 Indiana, Allen County, Fort Wayne, Northside — Site of Last French Fort
Erected, 1750, by Captain Raimond Surrendered to the British under Lieutenant Butler in 1760. Ensign Richard Holmes and British garrison massacred by Miami Indians in 1763. The most severe engagement of battle between Gen. Josiah . . . Map (db m21036) HM
40 Indiana, Allen County, Fort Wayne, West Central — The First French Fort / The First Playground in Fort Wayne
The First French Fort The French lived among the Miami at the Three Rivers as early as 1697 when Jean Baptiste Bissot, Sieur de Vincennes (d. 1719), and Francois Marie Bissot de Vincennes, the son of Jean Baptiste . . . Map (db m241262) HM
41 Indiana, Allen County, Hoagland — Hoagland, IndianaPlatted 1872 — Wayne Trace —
Once an Indian trail directly through these school grounds, the route followed by General Anthony Wayne's army in its departure from the fort in 1794 and the way by which General William Harrison's troops came to the relief of the garrison at Fort . . . Map (db m211614) HM
42 Indiana, Marion County, Indianapolis, Downtown — In Honor of Arthur St. ClairBorn in Scotland 1754 — Died in Pennsylvania 1818 —
President of the Continental Congress which framed the Ordnance of 1787 Governor of the Territory Northwest of the River Ohio 1788 - 1802 Under his control were laid the broad foundations of the future Commonwealths of Ohio · . . . Map (db m132853) HM WM
43 Kansas, Wyandotte County, Kansas City, Riverview — The History of the Wyandot Indian Nation
Tablet 1 The Origins of the Wyandots The story of the Wyandot Nations is both heroic and bitter. Once among the greatest of Indian tribes in northeast America, a warrior race whose influence reached from Canada to Kentucky, the . . . Map (db m72957) HM
44 Kentucky, Butler County, Morgantown — 2427 — Morgantown / Daniel Morgan
Morgantown The county seat of Butler Co., it was originally called Funkhouser Hill. It was renamed Morgan Town in Dec. 1810 to honor Revolutionary War officer Daniel Morgan and was incorporated in 1813. It began as a settlement of . . . Map (db m123448) HM
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45 Kentucky, Campbell County, Newport — 1386 — Dr. Thomas Hinde
Northern Kentucky's first doctor. Born in Oxfordshire, England on July 10, 1737. Graduate of Royal College of Physicians. Served at Quebec with Gen. James Wolfe. In 1765 settled in Virginia; personal physician to Patrick Henry. Chief Surgeon, 1775, . . . Map (db m175075) HM
46 Kentucky, Clark County, Winchester — 1047 — Capt. John Strode
Came from Va. to Boonesborough, 1776. Builder of Strode's Station, 1779, the largest and most important fortified area in Clark County during the early settlements and bloody Indian wars. Indians attacked station 1781, and later. Two men killed . . . Map (db m159696) HM
47 Kentucky, Garrard County, Paint Lick — 1526 — Fort Paint Lick
Side 1: 500 ft. north is site of log fort and stockade built by Lt. Col. Wm. Miller. Born in Virginia, he came to Kentucky with Daniel Boone's party and helped mark a trace to Boonesboro; served with Capt. James Estill in Battle of Little . . . Map (db m67835) WM
48 Kentucky, Jefferson County, Louisville, University — Freedom Park: A Journey to FreedomSettlement
Between 1750 and 1840, British colonists and later United States citizens acquired and settled millions of square miles between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River. The Ohio River bisects this vast region, flowing 981 miles from . . . Map (db m245720) HM
49 Kentucky, Jefferson County, Lyndon — 974 — Fort William / Col. William Christian
Fort William Established in 1785 by William Christian and his wife, Anne, a sister of Patrick Henry. On this site one of earliest stone houses in Kentucky was a famous tavern, The Eight Mile House, on Harrods Trace to Falls of the Ohio. From . . . Map (db m161983) HM
50 Kentucky, Madison County, Richmond — 1578 — Col. Richard Callaway / First Ferry in Kentucky
Col. Richard Callaway. Born in Caroline County, Virginia, in June 1722, Richard Callaway served in French and Indian wars and as a colonel in Revolutionary War. He was a member of Virginia House of Burgesses and one of the first settlers of . . . Map (db m72632) HM
51 Kentucky, Madison County, Richmond — 1685 — Grave of Hancock Taylor
On Taylor's fork of Silver Creek, .7 mi. east, is burial place of Hancock Taylor. This pioneer was at Falls of Ohio in 1769 enroute to New Orleans and surveying in Ky. by 1773. A deputy surveyor under Wm. Preston, he was near mouth of Ky. River when . . . Map (db m67802) HM
52 Kentucky, Mercer County, Harrodsburg — 1258 — County Named / Mercer County
County Named - For Gen. Hugh Mercer, ca. 1725-77. A native of Scotland, he came to America about 1746. Officer in French and Indian War, 1755-59. Served with Washington. Was the commandant at Fort Pitt. Hero in Revolution. Instrumental in . . . Map (db m152645) HM
53 Kentucky, Robertson County, Carlisle — William Jobe "Bill" Curtis
To William J. Curtis....whose unselfish service in the cause of the project was unflagging, honor is due." The Carlisle Mercury, August 23, 1928
William Jobe "Bill” Curtis was born in Robertson County, . . . Map (db m209448) HM
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54 Kentucky, Shelby County, Shelbyville — 709 — Benj. Logan-Pioneer / James Knox-Pioneer
Benj. Logan~~Pioneer In French and Indian, Dunmore's, Revolutionary Wars. In 1775 came to Kentucky with Boone, Henderson. Separated at Hazel Patch. Built Logan's Fort (St. Asaph's), 1776. In Virginia Assembly, 1781-87; Ky. conventions to . . . Map (db m136853) HM
55 Louisiana, Orleans Parish, New Orleans, Central Business District — Canal Street Under French and Spanish Rule (1718-1803)
Since the founding of New Orleans by Bienville in 1718, Canal Street has been an integral part of our city. The up river limits of the old city, defined by earth and store ramparts, ran along the present route of Canal Street. A cleared area . . . Map (db m239614) HM
56 Louisiana, Orleans Parish, New Orleans, French Quarter — Upper Pontabla Building — Pontabla Buildings National Historic Landmark —
[Panel 1:] Logo of the Orleans Parish Landmarks Commission Erected 1849-50 by Michela Almonester, Baroness Pontabla, working first with James Gallier, architect and then with Henry Howard, architect Samuel Stewart, builder. . . . Map (db m21499) HM
57 Louisiana, Plaquemines Parish, Belle Chasse — Fort St. Leon
Designed by De Verges and garrisoned in 1754, but abandoned in 1792, because of strategic value it was rebuilt by Latour in 1808 and garrisoned to defend New Orleans; Destroyed by Adm. Farragut during the Civil War in advance up the river.Map (db m205785) HM
58 Louisiana, St. James Parish, St. James — Site of First Acadian Settlers in Louisiana
Refugees came overland 1756-57. In vicinity was 1762 grant to Jacques Cantrelle, Sr. of France after whom Church and Parish were named. Section once included in Les Oumas, Eveche of Quebec.Map (db m86620) HM
59 Louisiana, West Feliciana Parish, St. Francisville — British West Florida
The Treaty of Paris (1763) ended the French and Indian War in the American Colonies. France transferred to Britain all its rights to the mainland of America. East of the Mississippi River, excluding New Orleans and its environs. As a result. . . . Map (db m110112) HM
60 Maine, Cumberland County, Portland, East Bayside — The Site of Fort Loyal
Erected by the Colonists in 1680 Captured by the French and Indians in 1690. Entire English settlement destroyed ———— To the memory of these brave defenders this tablet placed by The Daughters of the American Colonists November . . . Map (db m50448) HM
61 Maine, Cumberland County, South Portland — Early Settlement
The largest 17th century settlement in Cape Elizabeth - which included South Portland and Cape Elizabeth prior to 1895 - was established in 1658 near Spring Point. However, the onset of the French and Indian Wars in 1675 necessitated frequent . . . Map (db m55673) HM
62 Maine, Kennebec County, Winslow — Fort HalifaxOldest Blockhouse in the United States
This blockhouse is the only building that remains of a larger fort complex, built by British-Americans in 1754-1755, to defend the upper Kennebec River Valley from possible attack by the French and their Native American allies. The . . . Map (db m116133) HM
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63 Maine, Waldo County, Prospect — Pemtegwacook
Native Americans first paddled dug-out canoes up and down the Penobscot River about 8,000 years ago. Seeking rich hunting and fishing grounds, these people had come to live on the wooded shores of the river and bay. Archaeology has revealed . . . Map (db m55129) HM
64 Maine, Waldo County, Stockton Springs — Fort Pownall
Erected and named by Gen Thomas Pownall 1759 • • • Gen Samuel Waldo for whom Waldo County was named was buried here Removed to Kings Chapel Boston • • • Erected by John Cocran Chapter D.A.R. 1916Map (db m170848) HM
65 Maine, Waldo County, Stockton Springs — Fort Pownall, 1759-1775
In 1759, Massachusetts Governor Thomas Pownall sought to plug the mouths of Maine's key rivers so as to keep the French and Indians well inland. In January 1758, he wrote to William Pitt, Prime Minister of England about the advantages of this site, . . . Map (db m170846) HM
66 Maine, York County, Biddeford — A Stone Fort
was built in 1693 rear of this place near the banks of the Saco River as a refuge from the IndiansMap (db m55700) HM
67 Maine, York County, Biddeford — 4 — Fort Saco in 1693 / Le Fort Saco en 1693Biddeford, Maine — The Museum in the Streets® —
The Indians burned the township of Saco in 1688. Fort Saco was built on the future site of the Laconia Mills to protect the settlers in 1693. The fort served as stables during the construction of the Laconia mills in 1841. Yo Cat Gully . . . Map (db m55718) HM
68 Maryland, Allegany County, Cumberland — "Braddock's Road"
Near this point, on June 10, 1755, after nearly a month's delay at Fort Cumberland, Braddock's troops started towards Fort Duquesne to wrest it from the French. On July 9, 1755, he met his terrible defeat at the Monongahela.Map (db m155433) HM
69 Maryland, Allegany County, Cumberland — Abandonment of Ft. CumberlandFort Cumberland Trail
Fort Cumberland was garrisoned from 1754 to 1765. During this period, there was bickering between Maryland and Virginia as to how the fort should be maintained and whose control it was under. In early 1756, Colonel Washington favored a small . . . Map (db m17708) HM
70 Maryland, Allegany County, Cumberland — Baltimore Street BridgeCity of Cumberland, Maryland — Built 1916 —
West of this bridge, now the site of Emmanuel Church, was located Fort Cumberland, whence, in, 1755, the expedition against Fort Duquesne was led by General Edward Braddock and Colonel George Washington. On this site were located wooden . . . Map (db m139108) HM
71 Maryland, Allegany County, Cumberland — Col. Joshua Fry
Memorial in honor of Col. Joshua Fry Born c. 1700 in England 1731 • Professor of mathematics at William and Mary College, Planter in Albemarle County, Virginia, Member of House of Burgesses, First presiding judge of Albemarle County, . . . Map (db m187084) HM
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72 Maryland, Allegany County, Cumberland — Col. Thomas Cresap
In Memory of Col. Thomas Cresap Pathfinder - Pioneer - Patriot - Built the first home and fort in this county at Oldtown, about 1740 Surveyed the first trail to the west, starting near this spot in 1751 His Sons - - - Daniel Cresap for whom . . . Map (db m17778) HM
73 Maryland, Allegany County, Cumberland — Cumberland
In 1749 Christopher Gist, an agent for the Ohio Company, arrived at the junction of the Wills Creek and the North Branch of the Potomac River to erect a trading post. In anticipation of the French and Indian War a fort was constructed in 1754 . . . Map (db m139113) HM
74 Maryland, Allegany County, Cumberland — Famous Personalities at Fort Cumberland — Fort Cumberland Trail —
Horatio Sharpe Lived: 1718-1790. Here as Governor of Maryland and the commander of the fort. Fort Frederick was built by his direction. Governor: 1753-1769. Sharpsburg, Md., was named in his honor. Daniel Boone Lived: 1734-1820. Here as a . . . Map (db m17681) HM
75 Maryland, Allegany County, Cumberland — French and Indian WarFort Cumberland Trail
"A volley fired by a young Virginian in the backwoods of America set the world on fire" Fort Cumberland was built as a direct result of hostilities between the French and British over control of the Ohio Valley. The British king granted land . . . Map (db m17683) HM
76 Maryland, Allegany County, Cumberland — George Washington at Will’s CreekFort Cumberland Trail
Our founding father spent much time in this vicinity when a young man as surveyor, ambassador, aide-de-camp to General Braddock, and commander of Virginia military forces. This cabin served as his headquarters during part of this time. Young . . . Map (db m167057) HM
77 Maryland, Allegany County, Cumberland — Headquarters of George Washington
As colonel under General Braddock at Fort Cumberland during the French and Indian War 1755 - 1758 and as Commander-in-Chief of the American Army in 1794Presented to the City of Cumberland by James Walter Thomas, L.L.D.; Litt.D. dedicated April . . . Map (db m17724) HM
78 Maryland, Allegany County, Cumberland — Indians and Fort CumberlandFort Cumberland Trail
Indians served on both sides during the French and Indian War. Some tribes seemed to switch loyalties during the war, when it better suited their purposes. Indians camped near here to consult with General Braddock just before his fateful . . . Map (db m139102) HM
79 Maryland, Allegany County, Cumberland — Ohio Co. and Fort CumberlandFort Cumberland Trail
Fort Cumberland grew out of the efforts of The Ohio Company to speculate in land and establish a fur trade with the Indians between here and the Ohio Valley and the efforts of the British government to enforce land claims in these areas. The . . . Map (db m139107) HM
80 Maryland, Allegany County, Cumberland — Palisado Fort or Stockade — Fort Cumberland Trail —
Most of the early frontier forts were of the palisado type. Before you is a small sample of this type construction. A palisade is a fence of pales or stakes set firmly in the ground, as for enclosure or defense. The word usage in the 1700's was . . . Map (db m17782) HM
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81 Maryland, Allegany County, Cumberland — Perimeter of the FortFort Cumberland Trail
You stand upon historic ground within the north wall of Fort Cumberland. Your location (X) is shown on the diagram. Lines of barracks (I), parallel with the street, were to your front and in the rear along the line of white rocks in the street. The . . . Map (db m167129) HM
82 Maryland, Allegany County, Cumberland — President Washington's Last Visit - 1794
Center Plaque On October 16, 1794, President George Washington arrived in Cumberland to review about 5,000 troops of the Maryland and Virginia militia gathered here during th Whiskey Rebellion. A few days later, this militia army assembled upon . . . Map (db m17456) HM
83 Maryland, Allegany County, Cumberland — Site of Fort Cumberland
The store houses of The Ohio Company were first located near this point. In 1754 the first fort (called Mt. Pleasant) was built. Gen'l. Edward Braddock enlarged the fort in 1755 and renamed it after his friend the Duke of Cumberland.Map (db m167130) HM
84 Maryland, Allegany County, Cumberland — The Fort BastionsFort Cumberland Trail
You stand near the wall of one of Fort Cumberland's four bastions. These (+) an your position (X) are indicated on the fort diagram. A bastion is a projecting portion of a fortification. It's purpose is to allow defenders added firepower along the . . . Map (db m139103) HM
85 Maryland, Allegany County, Cumberland — The Fort ProperFort Cumberland Trail
The fort proper was the bastioned work at the west end of the fort. It was to your left (primarily on the site of the Church of Christ Scientist). Besides the four bastions (b) and the joining walls, there were four buildings for provisions (6), two . . . Map (db m167356) HM
86 Maryland, Allegany County, Cumberland — The Parade Ground of Fort CumberlandOccupied this site 1755
Here the Indian envoys were received before Braddock left for his defeat. In 1756-58 the garrison under Col. Washington was still reviewed here.Map (db m17453) HM
87 Maryland, Allegany County, Cumberland — This Tablet Marks the Site of Old Fort Cumberland
Which was built in 1755 by order of the British Government and named in honor of the Duke of Cumberland, Captain General of the British Army. It was the base of military operations of General Edward Braddock and Colonel George Washington in the . . . Map (db m18733) HM
88 Maryland, Allegany County, Dickens — Washington’s Road
By order of Colonel Bouquet, George Washington’s troops opened this road from Fort Cumberland to Reas-town (Bedford, Pa.) during July 1758. Bouquet and Washington conferred half-way between these places July 30, 1758.Map (db m166865) HM
89 Maryland, Allegany County, Frostburg — Blazing Braddock's Road Reported missing
“We this day passed the ‘Aligany’ Mountain (Big Savage Mountain) which is a rocky ascent of more than two miles, in many places extremely steep…” Captain Robert Orme, June 15, 1755 British General Edward Braddock led a 2,100-man army . . . Map (db m177978) HM
90 Maryland, Allegany County, Frostburg — Braddock Stone
The Braddock Stone, an early colonial highway marker, is named for British General Edward Braddock (1695—1755). During the early stages of the French and Indian War, General Braddock was dispatched to expel French forces from what is today . . . Map (db m135549) HM
91 Maryland, Allegany County, Frostburg — George's Creek Valley
During colonial exploration and settlement the valley provided a route to the western frontier. In 1753, preceding the French and Indian War, George Washington traveled this route to deliver Gov. Dinwiddie's order that the French abandon their . . . Map (db m84736) HM
92 Maryland, Allegany County, Frostburg — Historic Braddock Road1755
The following was taken from the journal of Robert Orme, aid de camp to General Braddock - June 15, 1755: We this day (with 2100 troops, 1500 hundred horses, 200 wagons and twelve cannons) passed the Allegany Mountains, which is a rocky ascent of . . . Map (db m166921) HM
93 Maryland, Allegany County, Frostburg — Martin’s Plantation
General Braddock's 2nd camp on the march to Fort Duquesne June 14th, 15th, 1755. The old Braddock Road passed to the southeast of the National Road from Clarysville to the "Shades of Death" near "Two Mile Run." The National Road was begun by the . . . Map (db m177600) HM
94 Maryland, Allegany County, La Vale — “Spendelow Camp”Also Called “Camp at the Grove”
General Braddock’s 1st camp on the march from Fort Cumberland to Fort Duquesne, June 11th to 13th, 1755. After building a road over Wills Mountain, Spendelow, an engineer, discovered a route by “The Narrows” and Braddock’s Run and a . . . Map (db m2083) HM
95 Maryland, Allegany County, Lonaconing — Daniel Cresap
Daniel Cresap, pioneer settler, gave his name to Dan's Mountain and Dan's Rock. Born in 1728 near Havre de Grace, MD., son of Colonel Thomas Cresap. Fought in French and Indian War. By first wife, unknown, had one son; by second wife, Ruth . . . Map (db m98538) HM
96 Maryland, Allegany County, Oldtown — Michael Cresap(1742–1775)
He built his house, which can be seen nearby, about 1764. A trader, he cleared wilderness and fought Indians in “Cresap’s War” in Ohio, 1774. As a Captain he led riflemen, some painted Indian-style, to Boston at the start of the . . . Map (db m448) HM
97 Maryland, Allegany County, Oldtown — Old Town(King Opessa’s Town)
Fording place for “Great Warriors Path” from New York to the South. Thomas Cresap built stockade fort here in 1741 used as a refuge during French and Indian War after Braddock’s defeat. George Washington was here on his first . . . Map (db m447) HM
98 Maryland, Baltimore, University of Maryland — The McDonoghs of Baltimore
Baltimoreans associated the name McDonogh with a well-known private school founded in 1873. Buried here are the parents of the school's founder, Irish natives John (1734-1809) and Elizabeth McDonogh (1747-1808). John McDonogh, a brickmaker, . . . Map (db m6633) HM
99 Maryland, Baltimore County, Dundalk — Battle of North Point1814
Who Dies for Country, doth not yield To death’s uncompromising sway He soars Immortal from the field And dwells untouched by time’s decay               Wm. M. Marine This one-acre of the North Point Battlefield was set aside . . . Map (db m2136) HM
100 Maryland, Frederick County, Braddock Heights — The Braddock-Washington Monument
In April 1755, Frederick Town was a planning center for a major campaign in the French and Indian War (175-1763). General Edward Braddock arrived from England and later 1,400 British Troops joined him to stop the French from taking land claimed . . . Map (db m242001) HM

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Jul. 18, 2024