“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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French and Indian War Topic

<big>The Apalachee Village Marker on left. </big> image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, April 6, 2019
The Apalachee Village Marker on left.
1Alabama (Baldwin County), Blakeley — The Apalachee Village
Just a half century prior to the founding of the town of Blakeley, an Apalachee Indian village stood on this spot. The village was founded in the early 1700s by Apalachee refugees fleeing warfare in Florida for the relative safety of French . . . — Map (db m131851) HM
2Connecticut (Fairfield County), New Fairfield — New Fairfield Veterans Memorial
They shall not grow old as we that are left grow old. Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn them. French & Indian War Samuel Fairchild Militia K.I.A. Aug. 4, 1759 Burmell Barnum Militia K.I.A. Aug. 4, 1761 Civil War Frederick C. . . . — Map (db m23063) WM
3Connecticut (Fairfield County), Wilton — Major Samuel Comstock
In Memory Of Major Samuel Comstock 1739 --- 1824 A Private In The French and Indian War A Captain In The Revolutionary War July 1776 --- June 1783 Serving At White Plains Germantown Fort Mifflin Valley Forge Monmouth Yorktown . . . — Map (db m30471) HM
4Connecticut (Litchfield County), Goshen — Goshen French and Indian War & Revolutionary War Memorial
[ front ] Dedicated To Our Comrades Of Goshen Who Established And Maintained Freedom For Our Country French And Indian War 1754 - 1763 Dibble, Joel • Doud, John • Gaylord, Timothy • Humphrey, Ashbel • Humphrey, Manna • Humphrey, . . . — Map (db m30231) HM
5Connecticut (Middlesex County), East Haddam — Maj. Gen. Joseph Spencer
Side A 1714-1789 Near this Green was the site of the General’s Farm, Store and dwelling house Side B 1714-1789 Officer in the French & Indian and Revolutionary Wars Delegate to the Continental Congress . . . — Map (db m101985) HM
6Connecticut (New Haven County), Cheshire — Town of Cheshire Memorial Plaza
Honoring Our Veterans 1754 French and Indian War 1763 Reuben Hitchcock • Edward Parker • Ephraim Parker 1775 Revolutionary War 1783 Asa Bellamy • Justus Bellamy • Reuben Bellamy • Silas Bellamy • Asa Bronson • Elisha Cowles • Amos Parker . . . — Map (db m22406) WM
7Connecticut (Windham County), Windham — The Battle of the Frogs
1758   1924 This Tablet Erected by the Anne Wood Elderkin Chapter D.A.R. To Commemorate the Legend of The Battle of the Frogs — Map (db m140009) HM
8Delaware (Kent County), Milford — KC-114 — Colonel John Haslet
Colonel John Haslet-A native of Ulster, Ireland, John Haslet was born circa 1728 and emigrated to America about 1757. After playing an active role in the Pennsylvania militia during the French and Indian War, Haslet eventually settled in the Milford . . . — Map (db m142542) HM
9Delaware (New Castle County), Christiana — NC-52 — Samuel Patterson
Operated flour mill one-fourth mile south. Was captain in French and Indian War. In American Revolution was member of Boston Relief Committee, colonel of Delaware battalion of famous "Flying Camp," Brigadier General of Delaware militia and first . . . — Map (db m67210) HM
10Delaware (Sussex County), Dagsboro — SC-59 — Dagsboro
Settled at the site of a gristmill on Pepper Creek, this village was originally known as Blackfoot Town. The present name of the community is derived from that of John Dagsworthy. A New Jersey native who moved to this area in the mid- 18th . . . — Map (db m37239) HM
11District of Columbia (Washington), Massachusetts Heights — The Road to Fort Duquesne[National Cathedral]
This memorial was erected in 1907 by the Society of Colonial Wars in the District of Columbia to mark the road over which on April 14, 1755 a division of the British Army under General Braddock marched on its way to Fort Duquesne. — Map (db m55534) HM
12Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — D — Supremacy, Siege and the Sea — Pensacola Maritime Heritage Trail —
Military and naval conflict dominated the 18th century. France, Spain, and Great Britain were aggressors in nearly constant warfare that often extended into North America. Spain established a fledgling colony near what is now the Pensacola Naval Air . . . — Map (db m130767) HM
13Georgia (Camden County), St. Marys — The Tragic AcadiansSt. Marys History Walk
These French-speaking refugees were forced to leave their homes in Nova Scotia by the British during the French & Indian War (1754-1763). The descendants of these oppressed Acadians ultimately sought refuge in St. Marys in the late 1790s after . . . — Map (db m144939) HM
14Georgia (Seminole County), Donalsonville — Sabacola El Menor
Located in Seminole County, near the forks of the Chattahoochee and Flint Rivers, was a town of Hitchiti-speaking, Lower Creek Indians. A Spanish mission, Santa Cruz de Sabacola el Menor, was established there in 1675. By 1685, English traders from . . . — Map (db m17834) HM
15Illinois (Edgar County), Chrisman — Pontiac Peace Treaty
A few miles west of here on July 18, 1765, Pontiac, an Ottawa Chief, and George Croghan, British Representative, met in a formal peace council which ended the most threatening Indian uprising against the British in North America. Following the . . . — Map (db m10997) HM
16Illinois (Livingston County), Pontiac — PontiacThe City of Pontiac is named for this Intrepid Warrior
Pontiac organizer of the conspiracy which bears his name, was born on the Maumee River in what is now Ohio, in 1720. As Chief, he led the Ottawa and Chippewa Indians at Braddocks defeat July 9, 1755. When France surrendered Canada to the English, . . . — Map (db m29751) HM
17Illinois (Massac County), Metropolis — Four Flags Over Fort Massac
1500's Spanish Ownership 1702 French trading post and mission 1757 French fortification to block British expansion into Mississippi River, named Fort Massac 1764 French abandoned fort to British 1778 George Rogers Clark . . . — Map (db m154811) HM
18Illinois (Pike County), Aladdin — Illinois
The fertile prairies in Illinois attracted the attention of French trader Louis Jolliet and Father Jacques Marquette as they explored the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers in 1673. France claimed this region until 1763 when it was surrendered to Great . . . — Map (db m136729) HM
19Illinois (Vermilion County), Allerton — Croghan Treaty with PontiacJuly 1765
Near here, on July 18, A.D. 1765, Colonel George Croghan, Superintendent of Indian Affairs for the British government, made a preliminary treaty of peace with Pontiac, chief of the Ottawas and leader of the great Indian confederacy. By the terms of . . . — Map (db m74024) HM
20Illinois (Vermilion County), Sidell — Detroit - Kaskaskia Indian Trail
This stone rests in a virgin portion of the Detroit - Kaskaskia Indian Trail. Erected by the Sidell Woman's Club 1942 — Map (db m73973) HM
21Illinois (Winnebago County), Rockford — Memorial Hall
This Memorial Hall, the first of its kind in the United States, dedicated to our Veterans of all wars, was completed in the year 1903 with dedication ceremonies on June Third of that year by our twenty-sixth President Theodore Roosevelt with these . . . — Map (db m95722) HM WM
22Indiana (Allen County), Fort Wayne — Site of Last French Fort
Erected, 1750, by Captain Raimond Surrendered to the British under Lieutenant Butler in 1760. Ensign Richard Holmes and British garrison massacred by Miami Indians in 1763. The most severe engagement of battle between Gen. Josiah . . . — Map (db m21036) HM
23Indiana (Allen County), Fort Wayne — The First French Fort / The First Playground in Fort Wayne
[Left side of marker]:The First French Fort The French lived among the Miami at the Three Rivers as early as 1697 when Jean Baptiste Bissot, Sieur de Vincennes (d. 1719), and Francois Marie Bissot de Vincennes, the son of Jean Baptiste . . . — Map (db m26867) HM
24Indiana (Marion County), Indianapolis — In Honor of Arthur St. ClairBorn in Scotland 1754 — Died in Pennsylvania 1818 —
President of the Continental Congress which framed the Ordnance of 1787 Governor of the Territory Northwest of the River Ohio 1788 - 1802 Under his control were laid the broad foundations of the future Commonwealths of Ohio · . . . — Map (db m132853) HM WM
25Kansas (Wyandotte County), Kansas City — The History of the Wyandot Indian Nation
Tablet 1 The Origins of the Wyandots The story of the Wyandot Nations is both heroic and bitter. Once among the greatest of Indian tribes in northeast America, a warrior race whose influence reached from Canada to Kentucky, the . . . — Map (db m72957) HM
26Kentucky (Butler County), Morgantown — 2427 — Morgantown / Daniel Morgan
Morgantown The county seat of Butler Co., it was originally called Funkhouser Hill. It was renamed Morgan Town in Dec. 1810 to honor Revolutionary War officer Daniel Morgan and was incorporated in 1813. It began as a settlement of . . . — Map (db m123448) HM
27Kentucky (Garrard County), Paint Lick — 1526 — Fort Paint Lick
Side 1: 500 ft. north is site of log fort and stockade built by Lt. Col. Wm. Miller. Born in Virginia, he came to Kentucky with Daniel Boone's party and helped mark a trace to Boonesboro; served with Capt. James Estill in Battle of Little . . . — Map (db m67835) WM
28Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — 1578 — Col. Richard Callaway / First Ferry in Kentucky
(south side) Col. Richard Callaway Born in Caroline County, Virginia, in June 1722, Richard Callaway served in French and Indian wars and as a colonel in Revolutionary War. He was a member of Virginia House of Burgesses and one . . . — Map (db m72632) HM
29Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — 1685 — Grave of Hancock Taylor
On Taylor's fork of Silver Creek, .7 mi. east, is burial place of Hancock Taylor. This pioneer was at Falls of Ohio in 1769 enroute to New Orleans and surveying in Ky. by 1773. A deputy surveyor under Wm. Preston, he was near mouth of Ky. River when . . . — Map (db m67802) HM
30Kentucky (Mercer County), Harrodsburg — 1258 — County Named / Mercer County
County Named - For Gen. Hugh Mercer, ca. 1725-77. A native of Scotland, he came to America about 1746. Officer in French and Indian War, 1755-59. Served with Washington. Was the commandant at Fort Pitt. Hero in Revolution. Instrumental in . . . — Map (db m152645) HM
31Kentucky (Shelby County), Shelbyville — 709 — Benj. Logan-Pioneer / James Knox-Pioneer
Benj. Logan~~Pioneer In French and Indian, Dunmore's, Revolutionary Wars. In 1775 came to Kentucky with Boone, Henderson. Separated at Hazel Patch. Built Logan's Fort (St. Asaph's), 1776. In Virginia Assembly, 1781-87; Ky. conventions to . . . — Map (db m136853) HM
32Louisiana (Orleans Parish), New Orleans — Upper Pontabla Building — Pontabla Buildings National Historic Landmark —
[Panel 1:] Logo of the Orleans Parish Landmarks Commission Erected 1849-50 by Michela Almonester, Baroness Pontabla, working first with James Gallier, architect and then with Henry Howard, architect Samuel Stewart, builder. . . . — Map (db m21499) HM
33Louisiana (St. James Parish), St. James — Site of First Acadian Settlers in Louisiana
Refugees came overland 1756-57. In vicinity was 1762 grant to Jacques Cantrelle, Sr. of France after whom Church and Parish were named. Section once included in Les Oumas, Eveche of Quebec. — Map (db m86620) HM
34Louisiana (West Feliciana Parish), St. Francisville — British West Florida
The Treaty of Paris (1763) ended the French and Indian War in the American Colonies. France transferred to Britain all its rights to the mainland of America. East of the Mississippi River, excluding New Orleans and its environs. As a result. . . . — Map (db m110112) HM
35Maine (Cumberland County), Portland — The Site of Fort Loyal
Erected by the Colonists in 1680 Captured by the French and Indians in 1690. Entire English settlement destroyed ———— To the memory of these brave defenders this tablet placed by The Daughters of the . . . — Map (db m50448) HM
36Maine (Cumberland County), South Portland — Early Settlement
The largest 17th century settlement in Cape Elizabeth - which included South Portland and Cape Elizabeth prior to 1895 - was established in 1658 near Spring Point. However, the onset of the French and Indian Wars in 1675 necessitated frequent . . . — Map (db m55673) HM
37Maine (Kennebec County), Winslow — Fort HalifaxOldest Blockhouse in the United States
This blockhouse is the only building that remains of a larger fort complex, built by British-Americans in 1754-1755, to defend the upper Kennebec River Valley from possible attack by the French and their Native American allies. The . . . — Map (db m116133) HM
38Maine (Waldo County), Prospect — Pemtegwacook
Native Americans first paddled dug-out canoes up and down the Penobscot River about 8,000 years ago. Seeking rich hunting and fishing grounds, these people had come to live on the wooded shores of the river and bay. Archaeology has revealed . . . — Map (db m55129) HM
39Maine (York County), Biddleford — A Stone Fort
was built in 1693 rear of this place near the banks of the Saco River as a refuge from the Indians — Map (db m55700) HM
40Maine (York County), Biddleford — 4 — Fort Saco in 1693 / Le Fort Saco en 1693The Museum in the Streets
The Indians burned the township of Saco in 1688. Fort Saco was built on the future site of the Laconia Mills to protect the settlers in 1693. The fort served as stables during the construction of the Laconia mills in 1841. Yo Cat Gully in the north . . . — Map (db m55718) HM
41Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — "Braddock's Road"
Near this point, on June 10, 1755, after nearly a month's delay at Fort Cumberland, Braddock's troops started towards Fort Duquesne to wrest it from the French. On July 9, 1755, he met his terrible defeat at the Monongahela. — Map (db m155433) HM
42Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Abandonment of Ft. CumberlandFort Cumberland Trail
Fort Cumberland was garrisoned from 1754 to 1765. During this period, there was bickering between Maryland and Virginia as to how the fort should be maintained and whose control it was under. In early 1756, Colonel Washington favored a small . . . — Map (db m17708) HM
43Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Baltimore Street BridgeCity of Cumberland, Maryland — Built 1916 —
West of this bridge, now the site of Emmanuel Church, was located Fort Cumberland, whence, in, 1755, the expedition against Fort Duquesne was led by General Edward Braddock and Colonel George Washington. On this site were located wooden . . . — Map (db m139108) HM
44Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Col. Joshua Fry
Memorial in honor of Col. Joshua Fry Born c. 1700 in England 1731 • Professor of mathematics at William and Mary College, Planter in Albemarle County, Virginia, Member of House of Burgesses, First presiding judge of Albemarle County, . . . — Map (db m54023) HM
45Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Col. Thomas Cresap
In Memory of Col. Thomas Cresap Pathfinder - Pioneer - Patriot - Built the first home and fort in this county at Oldtown, about 1740 Surveyed the first trail to the west, starting near this spot in 1751 His Sons - - - Daniel Cresap for whom . . . — Map (db m17778) HM
46Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Cumberland
In 1749 Christopher Gist, an agent for the Ohio Company, arrived at the junction of the Wills Creek and the North Branch of the Potomac River to erect a trading post. In anticipation of the French and Indian War a fort was constructed in 1754 upon . . . — Map (db m139113) HM
47Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Famous Personalities at Fort Cumberland — Fort Cumberland Trail —
Horatio Sharpe Lived: 1718-1790. Here as Governor of Maryland and the commander of the fort. Fort Frederick was built by his direction. Governor: 1753-1769. Sharpsburg, Md., was named in his honor. Daniel Boone Lived: 1734-1820. Here as a . . . — Map (db m17681) HM
48Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — French and Indian WarFort Cumberland Trail
"A volley fired by a young Virginian in the backwoods of America set the world on fire" Fort Cumberland was built as a direct result of hostilities between the French and British over control of the Ohio Valley. The British king granted land . . . — Map (db m17683) HM
49Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — George Washington at Will’s CreekFort Cumberland Trail
Our founding father spent much time in this vicinity when a young man as surveyor, ambassador, aide-de-camp to General Braddock, and commander of Virginia military forces. This cabin served as his headquarters during part of this time. Young . . . — Map (db m17719) HM
50Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Headquarters of George Washington
As colonel under General Braddock at Fort Cumberland during the French and Indian War 1755 - 1758 and as Commander-in-Chief of the American Army in 1794Presented to the City of Cumberland by James Walter Thomas, L.L.D.; Litt.D. dedicated April . . . — Map (db m17724) HM
51Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Indians and Fort CumberlandFort Cumberland Trail
Indians served on both sides during the French and Indian War. Some tribes seemed to switch loyalties during the war, when it better suited their purposes. Indians camped near here to consult with General Braddock just before his fateful expedition . . . — Map (db m139102) HM
52Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Ohio Co. and Fort CumberlandFort Cumberland Trail
Fort Cumberland grew out of the efforts of The Ohio Company to speculate in land and establish a fur trade with the Indians between here and the Ohio Valley and the efforts of the British government to enforce land claims in these areas. The . . . — Map (db m139107) HM
53Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Palisado Fort or Stockade — Fort Cumberland Trail —
Most of the early frontier forts were of the palisado type. Before you is a small sample of this type construction. A palisade is a fence of pales or stakes set firmly in the ground, as for enclosure or defense. The word usage in the 1700's was . . . — Map (db m17782) HM
54Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Perimeter of the FortFort Cumberland Trail
You stand upon historic ground within the north wall of Fort Cumberland. Your location (X) is shown on the diagram. Lines of barracks (I), parallel with the street, were to your front and in the rear along the line of white rocks in the street. The . . . — Map (db m18758) HM
55Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — President Washington's Last Visit - 1794
Center Plaque On October 16, 1794, President George Washington arrived in Cumberland to review about 5,000 troops of the Maryland and Virginia militia gathered here during th Whiskey Rebellion. A few days later, this militia army assembled upon . . . — Map (db m17456) HM
56Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Site of Fort Cumberland
The store houses of The Ohio Company were first located near this point. In 1754 the first fort (called Mt. Pleasant) was built. Gen'l Edward Braddock enlarged the fort in 1755 and renamed it after his friend the Duke of Cumberland. — Map (db m53575) HM
57Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — The Fort BastionsFort Cumberland Trail
You stand near the wall of one of Fort Cumberland's four bastions. These (+) an your position (X) are indicated on the fort diagram. A bastion is a projecting portion of a fortification. It's purpose is to allow defenders added firepower along the . . . — Map (db m139103) HM
58Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — The Fort ProperFort Cumberland Trail
The fort proper was the bastioned work at the west end of the fort. It was to your left (primarily on the site of the Church of Christ Scientist). Besides the four bastions (b) and the joining walls, there were four buildings for provisions (6), two . . . — Map (db m17679) HM
59Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — The Parade Ground of Fort CumberlandOccupied this site 1755
Here the Indian envoys were received before Braddock left for his defeat. In 1756-58 the garrison under Col. Washington was still reviewed here. — Map (db m17453) HM
60Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — This Tablet Marks the Site of Old Fort Cumberland
Which was built in 1755 by order of the British Government and named in honor of the Duke of Cumberland, Captain General of the British Army. It was the base of military operations of General Edward Braddock and Colonel George Washington in the . . . — Map (db m18733) HM
61Maryland (Allegany County), Dickens — Washington’s Road
By order of Colonel Bouquet, George Washington’s troops opened this road from Fort Cumberland to Reas-town (Bedford, Pa.) during July 1758. Bouquet and Washington conferred half way between these places July 30, 1758. — Map (db m6106) HM
62Maryland (Allegany County), Frostburg — Blazing Braddock's Road
“We this day passed the ‘Aligany’ Mountain (Big Savage Mountain) which is a rocky ascent of more than two miles, in many places extremely steep…” Captain Robert Orme, June 15, 1755 British General Edward Braddock led a . . . — Map (db m5013) HM
63Maryland (Allegany County), Frostburg — Braddock Stone
The Braddock Stone, an early colonial highway marker, is named for British General Edward Braddock (1695—1755). During the early stages of the French and Indian War, General Braddock was dispatched to expel French forces from what is today . . . — Map (db m135549) HM
64Maryland (Allegany County), Frostburg — George's Creek Valley
During colonial exploration and settlement the valley provided a route to the western frontier. In 1753, preceding the French and Indian War, George Washington traveled this route to deliver Gov. Dinwiddie's order that the French abandon their . . . — Map (db m84736) HM
65Maryland (Allegany County), Frostburg — Historic Braddock Road1755
The following was taken from the journal of Robert Orme, aid de camp to General Braddock - June 15, 1755: We this day (with 2100 troops, 1500 hundred horses, 200 wagons and twelve cannons) passed the Allegany Mountains, which is a rocky ascent of . . . — Map (db m96391) HM
66Maryland (Allegany County), Frostburg — Martin’s Plantation
General Braddock's 2nd camp on the march to Fort Duquesne June 14th, 15th, 1755. The old Braddock Road passed to the southeast of the National Road from Clarysville to the "Shades of Death" near "Two Mile Run." The National Road was begun by the . . . — Map (db m440) HM
67Maryland (Allegany County), La Vale — “Spendelow Camp”Also Called “Camp at the Grove”
General Braddock’s 1st camp on the march from Fort Cumberland to Fort Duquesne, June 11th to 13th, 1855. After building a road over Wills Mountain, Spendelow, an engineer, discovered a route by “The Narrows” and Braddock’s Run and a . . . — Map (db m2083) HM
68Maryland (Allegany County), Lonaconing — Daniel Cresap
Daniel Cresap, pioneer settler, gave his name to Dan's Mountain and Dan's Rock. Born in 1728 near Havre de Grace, MD., son of Colonel Thomas Cresap. Fought in French and Indian War. By first wife, unknown, had one son; by second wife, Ruth . . . — Map (db m98538) HM
69Maryland (Allegany County), Oldtown — Michael Cresap(1742–1775)
He built his house, which can be seen nearby, about 1764. A trader, he cleared wilderness and fought Indians in “Cresap’s War” in Ohio, 1774. As a Captain he led riflemen, some painted Indian-style, to Boston at the start of the . . . — Map (db m448) HM
70Maryland (Allegany County), Oldtown — Old Town(King Opessa’s Town)
Fording place for “Great Warriors Path” from New York to the South. Thomas Cresap built stockade fort here in 1741 used as a refuge during French and Indian War after Braddock’s defeat. George Washington was here on his first . . . — Map (db m447) HM
71Maryland (Baltimore), University of MD at Baltimore — The McDonoghs of Baltimore
Baltimoreans associated the name McDonogh with a well-known private school founded in 1873. Buried here are the parents of the school's founder, Irish natives John (1734-1809) and Elizabeth McDonogh (1747-1808). John McDonogh, a brickmaker, took . . . — Map (db m6633) HM
72Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — Battle of North Point1814
Who Dies for Country, doth not yield To death’s uncompromising sway He soars Immortal from the field And dwells untouched by time’s decay               Wm. M. Marine This one-acre of the North Point Battlefield was set aside . . . — Map (db m2136) HM
73Maryland (Frederick County), Braddock Heights — The Braddock-Washington Monument
In April 1755, Frederick Town was a planning center for a major campaign in the French and Indian War (175-1763). General Edward Braddock arrived from England and later 1,400 British Troops joined him to stop the French from taking land claimed by . . . — Map (db m68946) HM
74Maryland (Frederick County), Braddock Heights — This Boulder Marks the National TrailGeneral Braddock Monument
This boulder marks the National Trail over which traveled Gen. Edward Braddock and Lieutenant Colonel George Washington 1755. — Map (db m22275) HM
75Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Braddock, Washington, and Franklin
On April 23, 1755 At a Tavern located near this spot General Edward Braddock Colonel George Washington and Benjamin Franklin Met to plan the British assault on Ft. Dusquesne During the French & Indian War This plaque erected by the Kiwanis Club of . . . — Map (db m2725) HM
76Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Evangelical Lutheran Church
This tablet is erected to the Glory of God and in grateful recognition of those who organized this congregation and have maintained it for two hundred years 1738   Congregation organized. 1743   Log church built on the Monocacy. . . . — Map (db m14022) HM
77Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — General Edward Braddock
General Edward Braddock traveled over this road in April 1755 (in a coach and six horses purchased from Gov. Horatio Sharpe of Maryland)after a protracted conference in Frederick with Benjamin Franklin and others concerning the securing of teams, . . . — Map (db m1247) HM
78Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock(1695-1755) British Commander, French and Indian War
By coach and six horses purchased from Gov. Horatio Sharpe of Maryland. Braddock traveled this route west in April, 1755. After 10-day meeting in Frederick with Benjamin Franklin and others to arrange for teams, wagons and supplies for the . . . — Map (db m129188) HM
79Maryland (Frederick County), Jefferson — Abraham Lakin 2ndBorn Oct. 16, 1713 or 1722. Died Jan., 1796
Veteran of French and Indian War, early settler, head of family of Revolutionary patriots buried in the cemetery of homestead near here. At outset of the Revolution he and his sons Abraham, Basil, Daniel, John and his nephew Samuel were listed with . . . — Map (db m152249) HM
80Maryland (Garrett County), Finzel — Savage River Camp
General Braddock's 3rd camp on his march to Fort Duquesne June 16, 1755. The route, later known as the Old Braddock Road, passes to the southeast of the National Road. Captain Orme's diary says "we entirely demolished three wagons and shattered . . . — Map (db m439) HM
81Maryland (Garrett County), Grantsville — Bear Camp
General Braddock's 6th camp on the march to Fort Duquesne Saturday and Sunday June 20th and 21st, 1755. Washington was forced to remain behind with a guard on account of "violent fevers" until cured by "Dr. James's Powders (one of the most excellent . . . — Map (db m135626) HM
82Maryland (Garrett County), Grantsville — General Braddock’s 5th Camp
On the march to Fort Duquesne June 19th, 1755. By Washington’s advice, Braddock pushed forward from Little Meadows to this camp with 1200 chosen men and officers leaving the heavy artillery and baggage behind to follow by easy stages under Colonel . . . — Map (db m357) HM
83Maryland (Garrett County), Grantsville — Little Meadows
General Braddock's 4th camp on the march to Fort Duquesne June 17, 1755. Washington arrived here after Braddock's defeat July 15th, 1755. Washington also stopped here May 9th, 1754, July 7th or 8th, 1754, October 1st, 1770, November 26th, 1770 and . . . — Map (db m361) HM
84Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — Home of Samuel Wade Magruder1728-1792
Lieutenant of Volunteers French and Indian War, Magistrate of the 1st. court, Montg. Co. MD. 1777 Major of Maryland Battalion Member of Committee to effect resolutions of first Continental Congress. — Map (db m72752) HM
85Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — 12 — Madonna of the Trail
(East Face) N.S.D.A.R. Memorial to the Pioneer Mothers of the Covered Wagon Days. (North Face) This the first military road in America beginning at Rock Creek and Potomac River, Georgetown, Maryland, leading our pioneers . . . — Map (db m18437) HM
86Maryland (Montgomery County), Chevy Chase — Colonel Joseph Belt1680 Maryland 1761
. . . — Map (db m70204) HM
87Maryland (Montgomery County), Clarksburg — Dowden’s Ordinary
. . . — Map (db m43631) HM
88Maryland (Montgomery County), Clarksburg — Dowden's Ordinary: A French & Indian War Site
On April 15, 1755 a British seaman wrote in his diary:   On the 15th: Marched at 5 in our way to one Dowden's, a Publichouse ... and encamped upon very bad ground on the side of a hill. We got our tents pitched by dark when the wind shifted . . . — Map (db m144317) HM
89Maryland (Montgomery County), Gaithersburg — General Edward Braddock
General Edward Braddock in April 1755, accompanied by Gov. Horatio Sharpe of Maryland, traveled this road in a coach and six horses, on his way to Frederick, Md. to meet Benjamin Franklin and George Washington, to arrange for teams for the Fort . . . — Map (db m1012) HM
90Maryland (Montgomery County), Rockville — Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock and His Men
To commemorate the encampment in Maryland of Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock and his men at Owen's Ordinary, now Rockville, April 20, 1755. This stone is placed by the Janet Montgomery Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, Mrs. Morris L. Croxall, . . . — Map (db m77) HM
91Maryland (Montgomery County), Rockville — Richard Montgomery1738 - 1775
Born in Ireland; served in the British Army in the French & Indian War. Joined the American Revolution as the most experienced general in the Continental Army. Led the invasion of Canada where he was killed in the Battle of Quebec, becoming the . . . — Map (db m50480) HM
92Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — “...a place of Arms...would be absolutely neccessary”
Throughout the 18th Century, the major colonial powers of France and Great Britain were vying for control of North America. By the 1750's the British extended their settlements westward over the Appalachian Mountains and the French moved south out . . . — Map (db m96135) HM
93Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — Fort FrederickMaryland State Park
Colonial stone fort built 1756 for Province of Maryland by Gov. Horatio Sharpe to protect frontier against French and Indians after Braddock’s defeat. Detention camp for British prisoners 1776–83. Occupied 1861–2 by Union troops. George . . . — Map (db m681) HM
94Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — Fort FrederickA Witness to War
Built by the Maryland colony in 1756 during the French and Indian War, Fort Frederick’s stone walls surrounded three large buildings. The colonists abandoned the frontier fort in 1759, when the threat of Indian raids subsided. During the . . . — Map (db m821) HM
95Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — Fort Frederick
. . . — Map (db m103762) HM
96Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — Fort Frederick Officers’ Quarters
A Ghost in the Ground. Before you is the foundation of “The Governor’s House,” the building that served as the officers’ quarters, ceremonial hall and storeroom for Fort Frederick. What did that building look like? We know the size . . . — Map (db m823) HM
97Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — Fort FrederickMaryland State Park
Colonial stone fort built 1756 for Province of Maryland by Gov. Horatio Sharpe to protect frontier against French and Indians after Braddock’s defeat. Detention camp for British prisoners 1776–83. Occupied 1861–2 by Union troops. George . . . — Map (db m680) HM
98Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Before 1770Colonial America
Ca. 8000 BC First Native Americans enter the Cumberland Valley area as roving hunters. Ca. 1000 BC Permanent villages are established by Native Americans. the primary tribes include Susquehanna and Algonquian. Ca. 1735 . . . — Map (db m146012) HM
99Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Hager’s Fancy(Circa 1740)
Third dwelling was built by Jonathan Hager, founder of Hagerstown Maryland, 1762; Captain of Scouts, French and Indian War, 1755–1763; member of the Non-Importation Association and of the Committees of Safety and of Observation, 1775; member . . . — Map (db m1159) HM
100Maryland (Washington County), Hancock — Fort Coombe
Fort Coombe, a Maryland stockaded fort of 1755–56 located north of this point. One of the frontier forts during the French and Indian War. The survey of the Mason and Dixon Line during 1763–68 placed it in Pennsylvania instead of . . . — Map (db m833) HM

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Oct. 24, 2020