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Dover in Loudoun County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Gettysburg Campaign

 
 
Gettysburg Campaign Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), May 28, 2020
1. Gettysburg Campaign Marker
Inscription.  In June 1863, as Gen. Robert E. Lee led the Army of Northern Virginia through Blue Ridge gaps to the Shenandoah Valley, Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart’s cavalry screened the army from Federal observation. The Union cavalry chief, Brig. Gen. Alfred Pleasonton, dispatched Brig. Gen. David M. Gregg to penetrate Stuart’s screen. On 17 June, Gregg ordered Col. Alfred A.N. Duffie to reconnoiter from Aldie to Middleburg. Duffie drove off Confederate pickets there alerting Stuart. Duffie withdrew south of Middleburg, but Brig. Gen. Beverly H. Robertson’s brigade surrounded and almost wiped out Duffie’s command before it escaped the next morning.
 
Erected 1998 by Department of Historic Resources. (Marker Number B-32.)
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Virginia Department of Historic Resources series list. A significant historical month for this entry is June 1863.
 
Location. 38° 58.522′ N, 77° 40.032′ W. Marker is in Dover, Virginia, in Loudoun County. Marker is on John Mosby Highway (U.S.
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50) near Champe Ford Road (Route 632), on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Middleburg VA 20117, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A Revolutionary War Hero (here, next to this marker); Stuart and Bayard (here, next to this marker); Cavalry Battles (here, next to this marker); Sergeant Major John Champe (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Battle of Aldie (approx. 0.7 miles away); Snickersville Turnpike (approx. one mile away); First Mass. Cavalry (approx. 1.2 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Aldie (approx. 1.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Dover.
 
More about this marker. A marker with this same title and number was erected in the late 1920s or early 1930s on U.S. 50 at the Middleburg town line. It was listed as missing in Margaret Peters’ 1985 edition of A Guidebook to Virginia’s Historical Markers. The text read “Here Stuart, screening Lee’s movement into Pennsylvania, was surprised by Duffie of Hooker’s cavalry and driven out of Middleburg, June 17, 1863. That night Stuart returned and drove Duffie out.” —Ed.
 
Four Markers at Dover, VA image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), May 28, 2020
2. Four Markers at Dover, VA
Action at Middleburg image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, June 29, 2007
3. Action at Middleburg
On 17 June, Col. Duffie fell back along The Plains Road (modern Route 626), adjacent to the stone wall pictured here. Two companies of the 1st Rhode Island Cavalry fought elements of the 4th and 5th North Carolina Cavalry under Gen. Robertson in this vicinity. Surrounded, the Rhode Islanders fought detached actions throughout the night. Duffie, his staff, and around 60 men managed to return to Federal lines. More than 200 of the command were either killed or captured by the Confederate forces.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 30, 2021. It was originally submitted on June 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,860 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on May 29, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.   3. submitted on June 30, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.

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Feb. 22, 2024