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Poughkeepsie in Dutchess County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

City Downtown

A Notable Industrial and Civic Center

 
 
City Downtown Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 30, 2019
1. City Downtown Marker
Inscription.  As "Queen City of the Hudson River Valley," Poughkeepsie has been a beehive of activity since settlers first established riverfront industries here in the early 1700s. Geography helped fuel the transformation from town to city. The Fall Kill Creek provided power for early grain, wool, lumber and plaster mills. By the mid 19th century, Poughkeepsie had become an industrial powerhouse. A shoe factory, iron foundry, and glass works, among others, not only supplied the growing residents, but an expanding country. Matthew Vassar's brewery became the first to achieve nationwide beer distribution.

Economic prosperity was coupled with important civic structures and institutions. Poughkeepsie became New York's second state capital after the British set Kingston on fire during the Revolutionary War. In 1788, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay came here to debate anti-federalists on the ratification of the US Constitution, ultimately leading to the creation of the Bill of Rights.

The landmarked Post Office, with its elegant design in local stone, served as a model for New Deal construction. Franklin Roosevelt himself laid the cornerstone
Marker detail: President Roosevelt laying the cornerstone to Poughkeepsie Post Office in 1937 image. Click for full size.
2. Marker detail: President Roosevelt laying the cornerstone to Poughkeepsie Post Office in 1937
in 1937. Not far from FDR's home in Hyde Park, Poughkeepsie was considered the region's downtown. In 1940, he made his Presidential acceptance speech at the (now demolished) Nelson House, across from the Bardavon Opera House — itself New York's oldest continuously operating entertainment venue. Eleanor, much beloved by the locals, was often spotted shopping in town.

In the 1960s and 70s, Poughkeepsie underwent the greatest surge of urban renewal per capita of any American city. While this swept away much of the original structure and character, a new age of enlightened civic leaders, philanthropists, artists, and residents have combined forces to reinvigorate this regal Hudson River city.
 
Location. 41° 42.413′ N, 73° 55.652′ W. Marker is in Poughkeepsie, New York, in Dutchess County. Marker is at the intersection of Civic Center Plaza and Mansion Street, on the right when traveling north on Civic Center Plaza. Marker is located near the sidewalk at the southeast corner of the intersection. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 85 Civic Center Plaza, Poughkeepsie NY 12601, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. United States Post Office Poughkeepsie New York (within shouting distance of this marker); Poughkeepsie Vietnam Veterans Memorial (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Cristoforo Colombo
City Downtown Marker  <i>wide view<br>(Historic Poughkeepsie Journal Building in background)</i> image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 30, 2019
3. City Downtown Marker wide view
(Historic Poughkeepsie Journal Building in background)
(about 600 feet away); Van Kleeck House Site (about 800 feet away); Vassar Residence (approx. 0.2 miles away); Second Baptist Church (approx. 0.2 miles away); World War II Memorial (approx. 0.2 miles away); Constitution Ratification Site (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Poughkeepsie.
 
More about this marker. There is an identical copy of this marker located two blocks south. It is at the northwest corner of the Civic Center Plaza (Main Street) and Market Street intersection, near the Dutchess County Courthouse.
 
Categories. EnvironmentGovernment & PoliticsIndustry & CommerceSettlements & Settlers
 
City Downtown Marker  <i>alternate location<br>(northwest corner  Main Street & Market Street)</i> image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 30, 2019
4. City Downtown Marker alternate location
(northwest corner Main Street & Market Street)
Dutchess County Courthouse, erected in 1902 image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 30, 2019
5. Dutchess County Courthouse, erected in 1902
Poughkeepsie Post Office  <i>wide view<br>(located north across Mansion Street from marker)</i> image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 30, 2019
6. Poughkeepsie Post Office wide view
(located north across Mansion Street from marker)
Poughkeepsie Post Office Cornerstone image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, July 1, 2019
7. Poughkeepsie Post Office Cornerstone
Franklin D. Roosevelt
President of the United States
of America
Henry Morgenthau, Jr
Secretary of the Treasury
James A. Farley
Postmaster General
Christian Joy Peoples
Director of Procurement
Louis A. Simon
Supervising Architect
Neal A. Melick
Supervising Engineer
Eric Kebbon
Architect
1937
Bardavon Opera House (<i>New York's oldest continuously operating entertainment venue</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 30, 2019
8. Bardavon Opera House (New York's oldest continuously operating entertainment venue)
 

More. Search the internet for City Downtown.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 30, 2019. This page originally submitted on October 30, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 50 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on October 30, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.
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