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Fort Benton in Chouteau County, Montana — The American West (Mountains)
 

Fort Benton and the Indian Wars

 
 
Fort Benton and the Indian Wars Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 14, 2019
1. Fort Benton and the Indian Wars Marker
Inscription.  This three-inch ordinance rifle came to Fort Benton sometime after the Civil War, probably during the time it was a military port, 1869-1881. It has remained here since its arrival, and was here during the Indian Wars of 1876-1877. It has seen no action since the Civil War. Fort Benton's mountain howitzer, inside the museum, did see action during the Nez Perce War in 1877.
Designed by the U.S. Ordinance Department in 1861, it has smooth barrel lines, a new concept, rolled wrought iron instead of bronze was used in the barrel to reduce cost and production time. Its carriage is a standard six-pounder field gun type, and could rapidly be changed in case of broken parts.
The three-inch ordinance rifle gained fame in the Confederate Army for its accuracy. "Union gunners could hit the end of a flour barrel at a half mile more often than they missed." During the siege at Richmond, "Yankee gunners with the 3" rifle put shells through the ports of our ramparts at a mile with forbidding regularity.
The muzzle stampings show that this cannon was produced along with 1000 other barrels, at the Phoenix Iron Works in Phoenixville, PA. This
Fort Benton and the Indian Wars Marker and ordinance image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 14, 2019
2. Fort Benton and the Indian Wars Marker and ordinance
particular barrel is no. 799 and was produced in 1864. Its sister cannon is at Gettysburg National Battlefield.
 
Erected by Fort Benton Community Improvement Association.
 
Location. 47° 49.247′ N, 110° 39.84′ W. Marker is in Fort Benton, Montana, in Chouteau County. Marker is on Front Street near 18th Street, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Fort Benton MT 59442, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Fort Benton Historic District (here, next to this marker); Steamboat Relics (here, next to this marker); Old Fort Benton (within shouting distance of this marker); Buffalo Robe Fur Press (within shouting distance of this marker); War Dogs Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort Benton – Fort MacLeod Trail (within shouting distance of this marker); The Engage's Quarters (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Montana Memorial (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Benton.
 
More about this marker. This marker is located in front of the Museum of the Upper Missouri.
 
Categories. Forts, CastlesWars, US Indian
 
Fort Benton - The Birthplace of Montana image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 14, 2019
3. Fort Benton - The Birthplace of Montana
 

More. Search the internet for Fort Benton and the Indian Wars.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 7, 2019. This page originally submitted on November 4, 2019, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. This page has been viewed 47 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on November 4, 2019, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.
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