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Shediac in Westmorland County, New Brunswick — The Canadian Atlantic
 

Edward Richard McDonald

The Inventor / L'inventeur

 

— 1871-1952 —

 
Edward Richard McDonald Marker (<i>English</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, July 29, 2019
1. Edward Richard McDonald Marker (English)
Inscription.  
English:
Edward R. McDonald was born in Pointe-du-Chêne, New Brunswick, in 1871. He was the son of Captain William McDonald and Catherine Costello McDonald. He was married to Miss Annie Gertrude Ryan and was the father of four children, Gertrude Capreol, Dorothy (Bie) McLellan, Ronald McDonald and Elizabeth Carvell.

He began to study law in the office of James McQueen (King's Counsel) in Shediac, N.B. Following his apprenticeship, he was admitted to the Bar of New Brunswick. McDonald long enjoyed a province-wide reputation in New Brunswick as a lawyer, being regarded as among the ablest appearing in criminal and civil courts. During his career, he acquired knowledge in all other branches of the law. His practice embraced all the courts from the lowest to the highest. During the 1930s he was appointed a King's Counsel.

Mr. McDonald had a keen interest in public affairs; he served his fellow citizens of Shediac as alderman on the Town Council until 1908 and was then appointed Mayor for three terms (1908-1911, 1915-1916, 1926-1929). During his first term in office, the wharf in Pointe-du-Chêne was built
Edward Richard McDonald Marker (<i>Français</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, July 29, 2019
2. Edward Richard McDonald Marker (Français)
in 1910-1911. In addition, he served as Councillor for Shediac Parish on the Westmorland Municipality Council for 16 years. Then in 1935 he was elected as a Liberal member to the New Brunswick Legislative Assembly for Westmorland County, serving until 1939.

In 1925, McDonald invented a board game called Crossword Game that predates the first version of the Scrabble Word Game by twelve years. The wood tile game featuring letters of the alphabet with point value was played on a checker board. He hired the patent agency Fetherstonhaugh & Co. of Toronto to prepare the patent submissions. His Crossword Game was granted a US patent, number 1591639, on July 6, 1926, and a Canadian patent, number CA266459, on December 7, 1926.

He was one of the first persons in the province of New Brunswick and the first resident of Shediac, N.B. to own and operate an automobile. He purchased his first vehicle in 1903, a sports model McLaughlin Buick, sporting licence plate #111. Besides his passion for cars, he enjoyed yachting and he was an enthusiastic member of Shediac Bay Yacht Club.

Edward R. McDonald died on Saturday February 16, 1952 at his home in Shediac, of general arteriosclerosis. He is buried in the parish cemetery in Shediac.



Français:
Edward R. McDonald est né à Pointe-du-Chêne, au Nouveau-Brunswick,
Marker detail: Edward Richard McDonald<br>Crossword Inventor image. Click for full size.
3. Marker detail: Edward Richard McDonald
Crossword Inventor
en 1871. Il était le fils de Capitaine William McDonald et de Catherine Costello McDonald. Il était marié à Mlle Annie Gertrude Ryan, et ils ont eu quatre enfants : Gertrude Capreol, Dorothy (Bie) McLellan, Ronald McDonald et Elizabeth Carvell.

Il a entrepris des études de droit dans le cabinet de James McQueen (Conseil du roi) à Shediac, au N.-B. À la suite de sa formation d'apprenti, il a été admis au Barreau du Nouveau-Brunswick. Pendant longtemps, M. McDonald a joui d'une réputation d'avocat à la grandeur de la province du Nouveau-Brunswick; on le considérait parmi les avocats les plus doués dans les tribunaux criminels et civils. Au cours de sa carrière, il a acquis des connaissances dans toutes les autres branches du droit. Sa pratique englobait tous les tribunaux, des degrés de juridiction les moins élevés aux degrés de juridiction les plus élevés. Pendant les années 1930, il a été nommé conseiller du roi.

M. McDonald avait un grand intérêt pour les affaires publiques; il a servi ses concitoyens de Shediac en tant que membre du Conseil municipal jusqu'en 1908. Par la suite, il a été nommé au poste de maire, poste qu'il occupa pour trois mandats (1908-1911, 1915-1916, 1926-1929). En 1910-1911, pendant son premier mandat, le quai à Pointe-du-Chêne a été construit. Il a aussi exercé les fonctions de conseiller de la paroisse de Shediac au sein du Conseil
Edward Richard McDonald Marker • <i>wide view<br>(Shediac Visitor Center in left background)</i> image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, July 29, 2019
4. Edward Richard McDonald Marker • wide view
(Shediac Visitor Center in left background)
municipal de Westmorland pendant 16 ans. Ensuite, en 1935, il a été élu en tant que membre du Parti libéral au sein de l'Assemblée législative du Nouveau-Brunswick pour le comté de Westmorland, poste qu'il occupa jusqu'en 1939.

M. McDonald a inventé un jeu appelé « Crossword Game » en 1925, soit 12 ans avant celui de la première version du jeu « Scrabble Word Game ». Le jeu, composé de tuiles de lettres en bois ayant une valeur numérique, se jouait sur un damier. M. McDonald a retenu les services du cabinet de brevets Fetherstonhaugh & Co de Toronto pour préparer les demandes de brevets. Son jeu « Crossword Game » a obtenu un brevet américain, numéro de brevet 1591639, le 6 juillet 1926, et un brevet canadien, numéro de brevet CA266459, le 7 décembre 1926.

Il figurait parmi les premières personnes au Nouveau-Brunswick et le premier résident de Shediac à posséder et opérer une voiture. Il se procura cette première voiture en 1903, un modèle sport McLaughlin Buick avec la plaque d'immatriculation 111. Outre sa passion pour les voitures, il aimait s'adonner à la navigation de plaisance et il était un membre enthousiaste du Club de yacht de la baie de Shediac.

Edward R. McDonald est décédé le samedi 16 février 1952 à son domicile, à Shediac, des suites d'une artériosclérose générale. Il est enterré au cimetière de la paroisse de Shediac.
 
Erected by
Edward Richard McDonald Marker • <i>wide view<br>(French side • Main Street in left background)</i> image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, July 29, 2019
5. Edward Richard McDonald Marker • wide view
(French side • Main Street in left background)
Town of Shediac / Ville de Shediac.
 
Location. 46° 13.104′ N, 64° 33.357′ W. Marker is in Shediac, New Brunswick, in Westmorland County. Marker can be reached from Main Street (New Brunswick Route 133) 0.7 kilometers east of Cornwall Road, on the right when traveling east. Marker is located along the walkway just east of the Shediac Visitors Information Center. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 229 Main Street, Shediac, New Brunswick E4P 2A5, Canada. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 3 other markers are within 14 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Honorable Daniel Lionel Hanington (a few steps from this marker); Men of Letters (within shouting distance of this marker); Cocagne (approx. 13.8 kilometers away).
 
More about this marker. This is a bilingual marker; English on the east-facing side and French on the west-facing side.
 
Also see . . .  How a Canadian crossword game may have inspired the invention of Scrabble. Edmonton Oilers’ head coach Todd McLellan recently learned that his great-grandfather, Edward R. McDonald, came up with what some believe to be the precursor to the beloved word game. McDonald, who grew up in Shediac, N.B., invented what’s believed to be the world’s first crossword board game. (Submitted on November 5, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Categories. Industry & Commerce
 

More. Search the internet for Edward Richard McDonald.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 1, 2020. This page originally submitted on November 5, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 41 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on November 5, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.
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