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Annapolis in Anne Arundel County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Lynching in Anne Arundel County / Lynching in America

Community Remembrance Project

 
 
Lynching in Anne Arundel County side of marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, November 9, 2019
1. Lynching in Anne Arundel County side of marker
Inscription.  
Lynching in
Anne Arundel County

Between 1875 and 1911, racial terror lynchings of African Americans by white mobs created a legacy of violence, intimidation, and injustice that has not previously been acknowledged. At least five racial terror lynchings took place in Anne Arundel County, traumatizing the black community. These lawless acts of violence targeted African Americans accused of misconduct or crimes, all of whom were killed without a trial — many under false accusation. In 1875, a white mob lynched John Simms at Simms Crossing after seizing him from the county jail, which stood here on Calvert Street. In 1884, George Briscoe was being transported to the jail when a white mob abducted and lynched him by the Magothy River Bridge. In 1898, Wright Smith was taken from the county jail by a white mob intent on lynching him. He attempted to escape but the mob shot him in the back of the head as he fled. Henry Davis was seized from the jail in 1906, dragged by a mob through the nearby Clay Street black community, and hanged by College Creek. He was shot over 100 times. Five years later, a white mob
Lynching in America side of marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, November 9, 2019
2. Lynching in America side of marker
abducted King Johnson over 100 times. Five years later, a white mob abducted King Johnson from the Brooklyn Station House. The mob beat Mr. Johnson, dragged him through the streets, and shot him to death. Although the perpetrators of this violence were often known to law enforcement, no one was ever convicted of crimes for these acts of racial terror. Memorializing these victims reminds us to remain persistent in the pursuit of justice for all.

Equal Justice Initiative
Connecting the dots

Lynching in America

Thousands of black people were the victims of racial terror lynching in the United States between 1877 and 1950. The lynching of African Americans during this era was a form of racial terrorism intended to intimidate black people and enforce racial hierarchy and segregation. After the Civil War, violent resistance to equal rights for African Americans and an ideology of white supremacy led to fatal violence against black women, men, and children. Many African Americans were lynched following accusations of violating social customs, engaging in interracial relationships, or committing crimes, even when there was no evidence tying the accused to any offense. It was not uncommon for lynch mobs to seize their victims from jails, prisons, courtrooms, or out of police hands, often without fear
Lynching in Anne Arundel County / Lynching in America Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, November 9, 2019
3. Lynching in Anne Arundel County / Lynching in America Marker
of any legal repercussions. Though armed and legally required to protect the men and women in their custody, police rarely used force to resist white mobs intent on killing black people and sometimes even participated in lynchings. Racial terror lynchings often included burnings and mutilation, sometimes in front of crowds numbering in the thousands. Many names of those whose lives were claimed by these acts of racially motivated violence were not recorded and will never be known, but at least 29 racial terror lynchings have been documented in Maryland.
 
Erected 2019 by Equal Justice Initiative.
 
Location. 38° 58.763′ N, 76° 29.736′ W. Marker is in Annapolis, Maryland, in Anne Arundel County. Marker is on Calvert Street just south of Clay Street, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Annapolis MD 21401, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Remembering the Foot Soldiers of the March on Washington (a few steps from this marker); Clay Street Community Montage (within shouting distance of this marker); Lincoln in Annapolis (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Marion Warren's six photographs capture this historic Annapolis neighborhood in a sleepier time (about 500 feet away); Site of the Annapolis City Gates
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(about 500 feet away); The Old Fourth Ward (about 500 feet away); The City Spared (about 500 feet away); The Claude House (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Annapolis.
 
Additional keywords. Jim Crow, terrorism
 
Categories. African AmericansBridges & ViaductsCivil RightsLaw EnforcementWaterways & Vessels
 

More. Search the internet for Lynching in Anne Arundel County / Lynching in America.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 9, 2019. This page originally submitted on November 9, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 50 times since then and 11 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on November 9, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.
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