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Baltimore, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Welcome to the Washington Monument and Mount Vernon Place

a National Historic Landmark District

 
 
Welcome to the Washington Monument and Mount Vernon Place Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, November 9, 2019
1. Welcome to the Washington Monument and Mount Vernon Place Marker
Inscription.  Baltimore's Washington Monument is the first monument in the United States erected in memory of the country's founder, George Washington. The Monument was built by a private Board of Managers, who in 1809 petitioned the Maryland legislature to hold a private lottery to raise $100,000 to fund its construction. Designed by American architect Robert Mills, the Monument was begun on July 4, 1815 and the column proper was largely complete by the early 1820s. In 1829, the statue of George Washington, by Italian sculptor Enrico Causici, was raised to the top. It represents Washington resigning his commission as Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army, an act which took place in the Maryland State House in 1783.

When it was begun, the Monument's location was in a woods north of the city, part of John Eager Howard's Belvidere estate. Howard donated the initial land, and after his death his heirs in 1831 laid out the public squares that comprise Mount Vernon Place. The city moved northward towards the Monument and it became the fashionable place to build a mansion. Over time, many handsome mansions, churches, and cultural institutions were
Welcome to the Washington Monument and Mount Vernon Place Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, November 9, 2019
2. Welcome to the Washington Monument and Mount Vernon Place Marker
built here and nearby.

The initial parks, as seen in the accompanying 1850 engraving were simple greenswards encircled by railings and trees. A redesign was done, in part, by Frederick Law Olmsted, Sr. in 1875-77. In 1917, when the United States entered World War I, it was decided to add a statue of the Marquis de Lafayette, in a show of support for the French. To accommodate the new statue, the squares were redesigned by the prestigious firm of Carrère and Hastings.

The Monument and Mount Vernon Place are not the only city landmarks but also comprise the Mount Vernon Place National Historic Landmark District, a federal designation given to properties that "possess exceptional value or quality in illustrating or interpreting the heritage of the United States."
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the National Historic Landmarks marker series.
 
Location. 39° 17.861′ N, 76° 36.913′ W. Marker is in Baltimore, Maryland. Marker is at the intersection of Washington Place and East Mt. Vernon Place, on the right when traveling north on Washington Place. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1775 Washington Place, Baltimore MD 21201, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Monumental Mistake (here, next to this marker); Mount Vernon Cultural Walk-Celebrating Culture (a few steps
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from this marker); Francis Scott Key (a few steps from this marker); Mount Vernon Cultural District (a few steps from this marker); Contributing to Society: Baltimore's Best Address (a few steps from this marker); Mount Vernon Place United Methodist Church (a few steps from this marker); Asbury House (a few steps from this marker); Roger B. Taney Monument (was within shouting distance of this marker but has been reported permanently removed. ). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Baltimore.
 
Categories. ArchitectureArts, Letters, MusicSettlements & Settlers
 

More. Search the internet for Welcome to the Washington Monument and Mount Vernon Place.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 9, 2019. This page originally submitted on November 9, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 39 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on November 9, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.
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