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Near Havre in Hill County, Montana — The American West (Mountains)
 

The Buffalo Soldiers at Fort Assinniboine

 
 
The Buffalo Soldiers at Fort Assinniboine Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 15, 2019
1. The Buffalo Soldiers at Fort Assinniboine Marker
Inscription.  African American soldiers serve in the Revolutionary War, and fought for the Union in the American Civil War. Six black cavalry-infantry units were officially organized on September 21, 1866 at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. These men saw service throughout the West from Kansas and Oklahoma to Texas and Arizona earning a formidable reputation as first class soldiers. The 9th and 10th Cavalry and the consolidated 24th and 25th Infantry Regiments were active until 1952 when black troops were integrated into the regular Army. The men of the 9th and 10th were the first "Buffalo Soldiers," so named by Cheyenne and other tribal adversaries. The troopers accepted this name for the honor that it was.
In 1892, the black cavalry-infantry units were transferred from Fort Grant, Arizona to Fort Custer in Montana under the command of celebrated Civil War veteran Colonel J.K. Mizner. Troops were stationed at Forts Custer, Keogh and Assiniboine in Montana and Fort Buford in North Dakota. Fort Assiniboine became regimental headquarters in 1896.
One of the regiment's white officers was Lieutenant John J. Pershing, later brigadier general of international
The Buffalo Soldiers at Fort Assinniboine Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 15, 2019
2. The Buffalo Soldiers at Fort Assinniboine Marker
Marker on the right.
renown. In 1898, Pershing was recalled from West Point at his own request to rejoin Fort Assinniboine's 10th Cavalry on assignment to Cuba during the Spanish American War/Philippine Insurrection. The future general and his men fought valiantly alongside Theodore Roosevelt's Rough Riders in the famous battle at San Juan Hill. One eyewitness reported, "If it had not been for the Negro cavalry the Rough Riders would have been exterminated."
Horace W. Bivens was among the 10th Cavalry's non-commissioned black officers at Fort Assinniboine. During a career spanning more than thirty years, Bivens received 32 medals including the Silver Star for valor at San Juan Hill. One of the nation's most highly decorated African American soldiers, his army record in marksmanship is still one of the highest on record.
An 1897 regimental history of the 10th Cavalry observed. "The settlement and civilization of the Great West is due to no small degree to the veterans of the Tenth Cavalry. The regular soldier's sufferings have been lightly regarded; his valor has only occasionally received suitable reward; his life has not been valued at its true worth. The mountains and plains know the story of his devotion to duty, and his toils. Many a hero sleeps in an unknown grave whose life was offered as a sacrifice to the peace security now enjoyed throughout our vast domain."
 
Erected by
Horace W. Bivens image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer
3. Horace W. Bivens
Montana Historical Society.
 
Location. 48° 29.914′ N, 109° 47.789′ W. Marker is near Havre, Montana, in Hill County. Marker is on Fort Circle near 82nd Avenue West (Assinniboine Road). Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Havre MT 59501, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Fort Assiniboine (here, next to this marker); Fort Assinniboine (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Fort Assinniboine (here, next to this marker); John A. Burns (a few steps from this marker); Library (within shouting distance of this marker); Company Officers' Quarters (Apartments) (within shouting distance of this marker); Company Officer's Quarters (Duplexes) (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Guardhouse (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Havre.
 
More about this marker. This marker on the grounds of Fort Assinniboine.
 
Also see . . .  Horace W. Bivens (1862-1937). His parents taught Bivins to farm,...however, (he) yearned for a life away from farming, and at seventeen, he entered Hampton Institute in Virginia, where he was first introduced to military training. In 1887, Bivins joined the U.S. Army as a private. ... During the Spanish-American War, Corporal Bivins served as a gunner with the 10th Cavalry in Cuba. During the Battle of Santiago on July 1, 1898, Bivins operated a three-man Hotchkiss
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mountain gun alone and suffered a head wound as his fellow soldiers were pinned down under fire...
(Submitted on November 18, 2019, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.) 
 
Categories. African AmericansForts, Castles
 

More. Search the internet for The Buffalo Soldiers at Fort Assinniboine.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 18, 2019. This page originally submitted on November 18, 2019, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. This page has been viewed 41 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on November 18, 2019, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.
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