“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Griswoldville in Twiggs County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)

Target Griswoldville

Target Griswoldville Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, April 29, 2017
1. Target Griswoldville Marker
Inscription.  Samuel Griswold (1790-1867) and his wife Louisa moved from Burlington, Connecticut, to Clinton, Georgia, in 1815. By 1825, he had advanced from store clerk to tinsmith to building cotton gins. By 1830, he owned and operated a foundry and gin factory, along with wagon and buggy factories between Clinton and Macon. He employed slaves, freed slaves, and whites. By 1860, he had moved most of his operations out to the area soon to be known as Griswoldville to take advantage of the railroad for shipping. By this time, he had added a gristmill, steam-engine powered sawmill, and a new cotton gin factory. In 1862, he and partner Arvin Gunnison, a New Hampshire native, retooled his gin to produce six-shot percussion revolvers for the Confederacy. This factory became the largest producer of handguns in the Confederacy. Patterned after the Navy Colt, these firearms became known as the Griswold & Gunnison revolver. During the war, Griswold added a hospital, castor oil factory, and furniture factory to produce hospital beds and coffins. In November 1864, the town was burned and the factories destroyed except for a few homes and the depot. His three-story
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mansion served as a hospital and quarters for invading and defending generals. It accidentally burned in 1907.

First Union Raid on Griswoldville
In July 1864, General Sherman unleashed all his Union cavalry to attack south and east of Atlanta. On 30 July 1864, Colonel Horace Capron's cavalry (3rd Brigade of Major General George Stoneman's Army of the Ohio Cavalry Corps) sent soldiers to attack Griswoldville. Along the way they destroyed track and burned railcars. As Griswoldville proved too well defended to enter, they took a captured locomotive, built it up to full steam, and sent it roaring backwards into town slamming into the rear of a passenger train, splitting the wooden car in half, and derailing others. Despite their efforts, Griswoldville was not destroyed, and the pistol works continued in production until late November 1864.

Griswold & Gunnison percussion revolver, patterned after the .36 caliber Navy Colt revolver. More than 3,500 were produced at Griswoldville before the factory was destroyed on 20 November 1864.

Arvin N. Gunnison (1825-1882) began his machinist career at Griswold's gin factory before moving to New Orleans, Lcuisiana. He manufactured gins until the beginning of the war and then switched to producing guns for the Confederacy. Just in advance of that city's fall in April 1862, Gunnison packed

Target Griswoldville Marker to right of building. image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, April 29, 2017
2. Target Griswoldville Marker to right of building.
up his machinery in wagons and relocated to Griswoldville. Working with Griswold, they transformed his cotton gin factory in only three months to make revolvers for the Confederate Ordnance Department. Using the metals readily available in the Southern states, such as brass, copper and iron, the Griswold & Gunnison revolvers copied the Colt Navy 1851 model. The cylinder and barrel were iron instead of graded steel which had become scarce. However, the pistols had walnut grips, a serial number, and an inspector's stamp for quality control. They held up well in combat usage.

Georgia Governor Joseph E. Brown commissioned the production of 10,000 pikes to arm the Georgia militia. Griswoldville produced 804 pikes for the Georgia State Line Reserve Militia, a unit that came to be called "Joe Brown's Pets.” This is a Griswoldville produced pike. Note the stamping "S. Griswold" on the head.
Erected by Georgia Natural Resources Foundation, Georgia Department of Natural Resources.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Industry & CommerceWar, US Civil. A significant historical month for this entry is April 1862.
Location. 32° 52.182′ N, 83° 27.634′ W. Marker is near Griswoldville, Georgia, in Twiggs County. Marker is on Baker Road, 0.6 miles east of

Map of the Battle of Griswoldville. image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, April 29, 2017
3. Map of the Battle of Griswoldville.
Old Griswoldville Road, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: Baker Road, Macon GA 31217, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Battle of Griswoldville (within shouting distance of this marker); Battle of Griswoldville: (within shouting distance of this marker); The Cavalry Skirmish (approx. 0.6 miles away); Battle of Griswoldville The Deployment and Assaults (approx. ¾ mile away); a different marker also named Battle of Griswoldville (approx. 1.6 miles away); Battle of Griswoldville The Advance from East Macon (approx. 1.6 miles away); Confederate Pistol Factory (approx. 1.6 miles away); Griswoldville (approx. 1.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Griswoldville.
Also see . . .  Griswoldville Battlefield State Historic Site. (Submitted on November 22, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Credits. This page was last revised on November 22, 2019. It was originally submitted on November 22, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 339 times since then and 21 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on November 22, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.

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Feb. 22, 2024