First Union Raid on Griswoldville
In July 1864, General Sherman unleashed all his Union cavalry to attack south and east of Atlanta. On 30 July 1864, Colonel Horace Capron's cavalry (3rd Brigade of Major General George Stoneman's Army of the Ohio Cavalry Corps) sent soldiers to attack Griswoldville. Along the way they destroyed track and burned railcars. As Griswoldville proved too well defended to enter, they took a captured locomotive, built it up to full steam, and sent it roaring backwards into town slamming into the rear of a passenger train, splitting the wooden car in half, and derailing others. Despite their efforts, Griswoldville was not destroyed, and the pistol works continued in production until late November 1864.
Griswold & Gunnison percussion revolver, patterned after the .36 caliber Navy Colt revolver. More than 3,500 were produced at Griswoldville before the factory was destroyed on 20 November 1864.
Arvin N. Gunnison (1825-1882) began his machinist career at Griswold's gin factory before moving to New Orleans, Lcuisiana. He manufactured gins until the beginning of the war and then switched to producing guns for the Confederacy. Just in advance of that city's fall in April 1862, Gunnison packed
Georgia Governor Joseph E. Brown commissioned the production of 10,000 pikes to arm the Georgia militia. Griswoldville produced 804 pikes for the Georgia State Line Reserve Militia, a unit that came to be called "Joe Brown's Pets.” This is a Griswoldville produced pike. Note the stamping "S. Griswold" on the head.
Erected by Georgia Natural Resources Foundation, Georgia Department of Natural Resources.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Industry & Commerce • War, US Civil. A significant historical month for this entry is April 1862.
Location. 32° 52.182′ N, 83° 27.634′ W. Marker is near Griswoldville, Georgia, in Twiggs County. Marker is on Baker Road, 0.6 miles east of
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Battle of Griswoldville (within shouting distance of this marker); Battle of Griswoldville: (within shouting distance of this marker); The Cavalry Skirmish (approx. 0.6 miles away); Battle of Griswoldville The Deployment and Assaults (approx. Ύ mile away); a different marker also named Battle of Griswoldville (approx. 1.6 miles away); Battle of Griswoldville The Advance from East Macon (approx. 1.6 miles away); Confederate Pistol Factory (approx. 1.6 miles away); Griswoldville (approx. 1.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Griswoldville.
Also see . . . Griswoldville Battlefield State Historic Site. (Submitted on November 22, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Credits. This page was last revised on November 22, 2019. It was originally submitted on November 22, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 198 times since then and 35 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on November 22, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.