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Allatoona in Bartow County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Allatoona Pass

Formidable

 

Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails

 
Allatoona Pass Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, November 19, 2019
1. Allatoona Pass Marker
Inscription.  The Western & Atlantic Railroad, running from Chattanooga to Atlanta, “winds Southeasterly among the hills, and...penetrates a minor ridge and emerges from a cut” recalled a Federal officer. The ruggedness of Allatoona Pass made it an important location during three episodes of the Civil War.

The first episode happened on Saturday, April 12, 1862. Federal soldiers, dressed as civilians and led by civilian James Andrews, stole a locomotive, the “General," at Big Shanty (present-day Kennesaw), Georgia, and drove it toward Chattanooga. Known as “Andrews' Raid,” or “The Great Locomotive Chase." the “raiders” endeavored to pull-up rails, burn bridges and disrupt Confederate telegraph communications as they continued north. At Allatoona another railroad crew, stopped with their train on a sidetrack, looked-on suspiciously as the “General" passed-by. Unaware of what was happening they did not try to stop the raiders. Hotly pursued by other Confederates, Andrews' raiders were captured just north of Ringgold.

Two years later, on Friday, May 20, 1864, Confederate General

Allatoona Pass Marker looking north, with battlefield on right. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, November 19, 2019
2. Allatoona Pass Marker looking north, with battlefield on right.
Joseph E. Johnston's army was retreating south roughly parallel to the railroad, preparing to defend Allatoona Pass. Johnston hoped Union Major General William T. Sherman's armies would attack his army in this stronghold. Yet Sherman, who had worked in the region as a young army lieutenant twenty years earlier, knew about the pass. “I therefore knew that the Allatoona Pass was very strong, would be hard to force, and resolved not even to attempt it,” Sherman wrote in his memoirs. He decided “to turn the position, by moving from Kingston to Marietta via Dallas.” The flanking of Allatoona Pass to Dallas, about fifteen miles southwest, is what Colonel Robert N. Adams, 81st Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment, considered "one of the most adroit and daring movements of the [Atlanta] campaign.” During the fighting around Dallas, Federal cavalry captured Allatoona Pass unopposed on June 1st. Johnston's army eventually retreated east from Dallas toward Marietta. Sherman's armies returned to their railroad "lifeline” and Allatoona Pass became their fortified forward supply base.

After Atlanta was captured in September 1864 the Confederate army moved north, hoping their actions against General Sherman's railroad lifeline would force him to abandon Atlanta. On Wednesday, October 5th at Allatoona Pass, Confederate Major

Battle of Allatoona, Thure de Thulstrup lithograph. image. Click for full size.
By Public domain, December 18, 1887
3. Battle of Allatoona, Thure de Thulstrup lithograph.
General Samuel G. French urged the Federal garrison commander to surrender, Brigadier General John M. Corse. Determined to hold his fortifications, two redoubts encircling a “star” fort on a 175-foot-high embankment, Corse refused. Over 3,200 Confederates attacked, driving about 2,000 Federals into the star fort, but no further. French soon retreated, suffering 897 casualties versus 706 Federal losses. Union Second Lieutenant J. Q. Adams, a signal officer during the battle, wrote “the loss of the million and a half of rations...would have been a great disaster.” Allatoona Pass, which Sherman called “one of those formidable (places), which give an army on the defensive so much advantage” remained under Federal control. The railroad was relocated in the 1940s prior to the creation of Lake Allatoona.
 
Erected 2019 by Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails, Inc. (Marker Number 16.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Georgia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 34° 6.804′ N, 84° 42.885′ W. Marker is in Allatoona, Georgia, in Bartow County. Marker is on Old Allatoona Road SE 2.9 miles east of Interstate 75. Located at the Allatoona Pass Battlefield parking
Two nearby markers about Allatoona. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, November 19, 2019
4. Two nearby markers about Allatoona.
lot. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 632 Old Allatoona Road SE, Cartersville GA 30121, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Wartime Allatoona (within shouting distance of this marker); The Battle of Allatoona Pass (within shouting distance of this marker); Demand For Surrender (within shouting distance of this marker); The Railroad (within shouting distance of this marker); The Memorial Field (within shouting distance of this marker); Welcome to Allatoona Pass Battlefield (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Battle of Allatoona (about 300 feet away); a different marker also named Allatoona Pass (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Allatoona.
 
Regarding Allatoona Pass. This marker is along the "historic driving route" of the Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail.
 
Also see . . .  Wikipedia article on the Battle of Allatoona. (Submitted on November 24, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
 
Categories. Railroads & StreetcarsWar, US Civil
 

More. Search the internet for Allatoona Pass.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 24, 2019. This page originally submitted on November 24, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 69 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on November 24, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.
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