Battle of New Hope Church
A Costly Failure
— Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
Three days earlier, with only 20 days of supplies in his wagons, Union Major General William T. Sherman began moving his armies toward Dallas and away from their Western and Atlantic Railroad “lifeline.” Sherman's intent was to march around the "left flank” of Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston's “Army of Tennessee" and their formidable defenses around Allatoona Pass. In doing such Sherman hoped to capture Atlanta from the west rather than the north and sooner than anticipated. Federal troops headed toward Dallas by different routes. Union Major General George H. Thomas's “Army of the Cumberland” marched south about 15 miles from Stilesboro. General Hooker's corps was the first to approach the New Hope crossroads. Countering these moves, General Johnston quickly shifted his Confederate army southwest from Allatoona Pass
At 6:00 am on May 25th, General Hooker's corps began crossing a creek near a burning bridge at Owen's Mill. Immediately they encountered enemy resistance. Confederate observers atop nearby Elsberry Mountain reported clouds of dust approaching from the north and General Hood's pickets captured several Federal soldiers. Yet General Sherman refused to believe a large Confederate force could have moved so quickly to block his path and ordered Hooker's corps forward. At approximately 4:00 pm Hooker deployed his three divisions for battle, a total of approximately 16,000 men. To oppose Hooker's 20th Corps was General Stewart's Confederate division, positioned in the center of Hood's corps. Stewart deployed three brigades covering this crossroads, with Brigadier Generals Marcellus A. Stovalls Georgians on the left, Henry D. Clayton's Alabamians in the center and Alpheus Baker's Alabamians on the right. Two additional brigades were held in reserve and three artillery batteries were massed along the line. Stewart had about 4,000 total muskets and 16 cannon.
The Federals advanced against the Confederate line one brigade at a time. Thus each brigade bore the brunt of massed enemy fire along a narrow front. Union Brigadier
The fiercest fighting during the Battle of New
Hope Church occurred near the church's
cemetery. This was the first of three major battles
to occur in close proximity to one another over a
four-day period, including at Pickett's Mill on
May 27th and at Dallas on May 28th.
Erected by Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails, Inc. (Marker Number 19.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Georgia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 33° 57.395′ N, 84° 47.42′ W. Marker is near Dallas, Georgia, in Paulding County. Marker can be reached from Bobo Road south of Dallas Acworth Highway (Georgia Route 381), on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 31 Bobo Road, Dallas GA 30157, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Battle of New Hope Church (here, next to this marker); New Hope Church Phase of Atlanta Campaign (here,
Also see . . . Wikipedia article on the Battle of New Hope Church. (Submitted on November 24, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Categories. • Churches & Religion • War, US Civil •
More. Search the internet for Battle of New Hope Church.
Credits. This page was last revised on November 24, 2019. This page originally submitted on November 24, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 57 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on November 24, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.