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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Belleville in St. Clair County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Historic Garfield Street Saloon

 
 
Historic Garfield Street Saloon Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jason Voigt, December 6, 2019
1. Historic Garfield Street Saloon Marker
Inscription.  
Adam Gintz, the president of Belleville's Western Brewery, built a saloon on the corner of Garfield and Mascoutah in 1896. Successor businesses would continue to provide alcoholic beverages here for more than a hundred years. The earliest saloonkeepers, brothers William and Gerhard Hoelscher, were followed by some 20 other proprietors. Most of them lived in the building.

The saloon remained in the Gintz family until George "Long Bob" and Anna Wiesner purchased it in 1922. He had been the saloonkeeper in 1919 when Prohibition went into effect in Belleville, causing him to convert the business into a soft-drink emporium. It was shuttered for a time in 1927 when Wiesner went to prison for selling alcoholic beverages. After release from prison he ran a grocery store here. Legal alcohol again became available in the building at the First and Last Chance Tavern following Prohibition's repeal in 1933.

Subsequent proprietors included former Belleville police chief Henry Bilzing and Lillian Hess, whose tenure extended from the 1970's to the 1990's. A successful restaurant, Garfield's Bar and Grill, during the early 2000's was
Historic Garfield Street Saloon and Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jason Voigt, December 6, 2019
2. Historic Garfield Street Saloon and Marker
The marker is to the left of the entrance door.
followed by the Golden Eagle Saloon, managed by a former racketeer. The last tavern here was the Brick Street Bar and Grill, which was foreclosed in 2010. It was one of the last neighborhood taverns in a city that at one time had more than 100. The Belleville Historical Society acquired the building in 2010 for a museum to honor Belleville's saloon and brewing heritage.
 
Erected 2018 by Belleville Historical Society.
 
Location. 38° 30.638′ N, 89° 58.576′ W. Marker is in Belleville, Illinois, in St. Clair County. Marker is at the intersection of East Garfield Street and Mascoutah Avenue, on the right when traveling west on East Garfield Street. Marker is mounted on the Historic Garfield Street Saloon building. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 633 E Garfield Street, Belleville IL 62220, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 10 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Gustavus Koerner (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Ever and Anon Park (approx. mile away); Dorothea Deichmann Millinery (approx. 0.3 miles away); Romeiser Building (approx. 0.3 miles away); St. Clair National Bank (approx. 0.4 miles away); Belleville Savings Bank (approx. 0.4 miles away); John Messinger, 1771-1846
National Register of Historic Places Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jason Voigt, December 6, 2019
3. National Register of Historic Places Marker
This is mounted on the right side of the entrance door.
(approx. 2.7 miles away); U.S. Center of Population 1970-1980 (approx. 9.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Belleville.
 
Also see . . .  Garfield Street Historic Saloon. From the Belleville Historical Society's website (Submitted on December 7, 2019, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois.) 
 
Categories. Industry & CommerceMan-Made Features
 

More. Search the internet for Historic Garfield Street Saloon.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 8, 2019. This page originally submitted on December 7, 2019, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois. This page has been viewed 49 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on December 7, 2019, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.
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