Troy in Madison County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Cabins, Coaches and Coal Mines
Journals and county histories speak to the prevalence of log homes near the National Road, and the vital part they played in Illinois' settlement.
Today, buildings serve as a timeline. Architectural styles and building materials offer insight into a community's history and heritage. In Troy, they recall an economy fueled by coal, rail, and the National Road.
Not A One-Horse Town
Before railroads connected the Midwest, stagecoaches moved mail and passengers between Terre Haute, Ind., and St. Louis, Mo. As a stop on the stage line, Troy benefitted from the traffic.
Cabins and Country Homes
As they followed the National Road through Illinois, travelers would have found architecture ranging from one-room cabins to Greek Revival farmhouses.
In the 1850s, railroads replaced the National Road as the preferred means of moving people and freight across the country.
Affordable automobiles renewed the nation's interest in a cross-country highway. US 40, which extended the National Road from New Jersey to California, brought new life to communities on the path.
Oil and coal fed the economies of many National Road communities in Illinois.
A Road of Dirt, Rock, And Dreams
In 1806, President Thomas Jefferson signed legislation to provide federal funding for a National Road. Surveyed from Cumberland, Md., to the Mississippi River, the National Road was a highway for pioneers eager to settle the West.
Today, as US 40, the National Road in Illinois spans 164 miles. From Indiana to East St. Louis, you can still see how the ambitions and accomplishments of early Illinois immigrants shaped our communities. You'll find their influence in our art and architecture, our industry and agriculture, and in our way of life. Enjoy your time on the Road.
Erected by National Road Association of Illinois.
Marker series. This marker is included in the The Historic National Road marker series.
Location. 38° 43.319′ N, 89° 52.054′ W. Marker is in Troy, Illinois, in Madison County. Marker is at the intersection of East Center Street (Illinois Route 162) and Cheshire Road, on the left when traveling east on East Center Street. Marker is in front of the Mersinger Cabin, which is located in Bud Kaustermeier City Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 610 East Center Street, Troy IL 62294, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Capt. Curtis Blakeman and the Marine Settlement (approx. 5.1 miles away); St. Jacob (approx. 5.1 miles away); Goshen Road Terminus (approx. 6 miles away); LeClaire, Illinois (approx. 7.3 miles away); Benjamin Stephenson House (approx. 7.4 miles away); The Blum House (approx. 7.6 miles away); Cleaon Etzkorn Bandstand (approx. 7.7 miles away); In Memory of Dr. Thomas R. Yates (approx. 7.7 miles away).
Also see . . . St. Jacob and Troy. From the Illinois National Road's YouTube channel, this is a short video that talks about the two villages that were on the Historic National Road. The segment on Troy is at 1:32.
(Submitted on January 3, 2020, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois.)
Categories. • Industry & Commerce • Railroads & Streetcars • Roads & Vehicles • Settlements & Settlers •
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Credits. This page was last revised on January 3, 2020. This page originally submitted on January 2, 2020, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois. This page has been viewed 41 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on January 3, 2020, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.