Huntington in Cabell County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)
Battle of Guyandotte
"Massacre of the 9th Infantry"
When the Civil War began, few of Guyandotte’s residents were slaveholders, but many townspeople resented any infringement on their right as Virginians to own slaves. Guyandotte was reportedly the only town on the Ohio River that voted in favor of secession. Union sympathizers were ill treated, and some fled to Ohio. A local resident, Albert G. Jenkins, recruited a Confederate force and took it to Camp Tompkins in the Kanawha Valley.
In October 1861, Col. Kelliana V. Whaley, 9th (West) Virginia Infantry, relocated a Union recruitment camp (Camp Paxton) and small cavalry detachment to Guyandotte, to the chagrin of Confederate supporters. The next month, Confederate Gen. John B. Floyd ordered Col. John Clarkson and Col. Albert G. Jenkins to “proceed in the direction of the Ohio River, and to strike the enemy a blow.” They led 1,200 horsemen of the 5th and 8th Virginia Cavalry (CS) here.
On November 10, a peaceful Sunday night in Guyandotte, Clarkson’s and Jenkins’s forces encircled the town to cut off escape routes. Meanwhile, the 150 Union recruits here were attending worship services, visiting friends, or relaxing.
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical month for this entry is October 1861.
Location. 38° 25.719′ N, 82° 23.4′ W. Marker is in Huntington, West Virginia, in Cabell County. Marker can be reached from Guyan Street north of 5th Avenue, on the left when traveling south. The marker is located in the back yard of the Madie Carroll House. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 234 Guyan Street, Huntington WV 25702, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Battle of Guyandotte (here, next to this marker); Madie Carroll House (a few steps from this marker); Historic Carroll House (within shouting distance of this marker); Granville Parker (within shouting distance of this marker); Raid on Guyandotte / Burning of Guyandotte (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); First Cabell County Court House (about 500 feet away); John S. Witcher (about 800 feet away); Guyandotte (about 800 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Huntington.
Credits. This page was last revised on October 12, 2021. It was originally submitted on May 14, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,261 times since then and 150 times this year. Last updated on January 21, 2020, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on May 14, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.