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Huntington in Cabell County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)
 

Battle of Guyandotte

"Massacre of the 9th Infantry"

 
 
Battle of Guyandotte Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 14, 2014
1. Battle of Guyandotte Marker
Inscription.  When the Civil War began, few of Guyandotte’s residents were slaveholders, but many townspeople resented any infringement on their right as Virginians to own slaves. Guyandotte was reportedly the only town on the Ohio River that voted in favor of secession. Union sympathizers were ill treated, and some fled to Ohio. A local resident, Albert G. Jenkins, recruited a Confederate force and took it to Camp Tompkins in the Kanawha Valley.

In October 1861, Col. Kelliana V. Whaley, 9th (West) Virginia Infantry, relocated a Union recruitment camp (Camp Paxton) and small cavalry detachment to Guyandotte, to the chagrin of Confederate supporters. The next month, Confederate Gen. John B. Floyd ordered Col. John Clarkson and Col. Albert G. Jenkins to “proceed in the direction of the Ohio River, and to strike the enemy a blow.” They led 1,200 horsemen of the 5th and 8th Virginia Cavalry (CS) here.

On November 10, a peaceful Sunday night in Guyandotte, Clarkson’s and Jenkins’s forces encircled the town to cut off escape routes. Meanwhile, the 150 Union recruits here were attending worship services, visiting friends, or relaxing.
Battle of Guyandotte Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 14, 2014
2. Battle of Guyandotte Marker
Few of the Federals were armed. When Confederates detachments charged into town, the recruits dashed into the streets at the sound of gunshots. The “battle” was brief and frenzied. At least three Confederates were killed and ten wounded, and ten Union recruits were killed and twenty wounded. The other Federals were captured or scattered. The next morning, the Confederates began marching their prisoners, including Unionists residents, toward confinement in Richmond.

(captions)
(lower left) Guard mount parade in Union camp — Courtesy Library of Congress
(upper right) Gen. Albert G. Jenkins Courtesy Library of Congress
Col. Kellian V. Whaley Courtesy Richard A. Wolfe
(lower right) Confederates in camp, 1861 — Courtesy Library of Congress
 
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails series list.
 
Location. 38° 25.719′ N, 82° 23.4′ W. Marker is in Huntington, West Virginia, in Cabell County. Marker can be reached from Guyan Street north of 5th Avenue, on the left when traveling south. The marker is located in the
Battle of Guyandotte Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 14, 2014
3. Battle of Guyandotte Marker
back yard of the Madie Carroll House. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 234 Guyan Street, Huntington WV 25702, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Battle of Guyandotte (here, next to this marker); Madie Carroll House (a few steps from this marker); Raid on Guyandotte / Burning of Guyandotte (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); First Cabell County Court House (about 500 feet away); John S. Witcher (about 800 feet away); Guyandotte (about 800 feet away); West Virginia Colored Children's Home (approx. 1½ miles away); War Between the States Generals / Spring Hill Cemetery (approx. 1.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Huntington.
 
Battle of Guyandotte Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 14, 2014
4. Battle of Guyandotte Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 23, 2020. It was originally submitted on May 14, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 773 times since then and 72 times this year. Last updated on January 21, 2020, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on May 14, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.
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Sep. 18, 2020