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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Pikeville in Pike County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)
 

Educator, Soldier, Congressman, President

James A. Garfield, 20th President of the United States

 
 
Educator, Soldier, Congressman, President Marker image. Click for full size.
By TeamOHE, July 23, 2020
1. Educator, Soldier, Congressman, President Marker
Inscription.  James Abram Garfield was born in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, November 10th, 1831. An 1856 graduate of Williams College, he taught classics and became President of Western Reserve Eclectic Institute (later Hiram College), Ohio. In 1859 he was elected to the Ohio Senate.

Garfield organized the 42nd Ohio Infrantry in August 1861. He became nationally known in 1862 when, appointed 18th Brigage Commander by General Don Carlos Buell, he led his vastly outnumbered troops to victory at Middle Creek, defeating Confederate forces under General Humphrey Marshall. Headquartered in Pikeville for several weeks, he led Union forces to victory at Pound Gap and was sworn in as Brigadier General by Squire John Charles at Ratliff Tavern (the present location of Pikeville City Park). Later, as the youngest Major General in the Union army, he fought at Shiloh and Chickamauga.

Resigning his commission in December 1863, Garfield ran for Congress as an Ohio Republican and served in that position for 18 years. He returned to the Big Sandy Valley in 1871 to revisit his victories. Elected President in 1880, defeating Democrat Winfield Scott Hancock, Garfield
Three Historical Markers in Pikeville City Park image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, October 20, 2019
2. Three Historical Markers in Pikeville City Park
This marker is the interpretive panel in the foreground.
Click or scan to see
this page online
did much to re-establish that office’s prestige, which had been lost during the Civil War reconstruction years.

On July 21, 1881, Garfield was shot at the Washington railroad station by an embittered office seeker. Suffering many weeks, he died on September 19, 1881, from blood poisoning and was buried at Lakeview Cemetery in Cleveland, Ohio.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Government & PoliticsWar, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #20 James A. Garfield series list. A significant historical date for this entry is July 21, 1881.
 
Location. Marker is unreadable. 37° 28.648′ N, 82° 31.115′ W. Marker is in Pikeville, Kentucky, in Pike County. Marker is at the intersection of Huffman Avenue and Main Street, on the right when traveling east on Huffman Avenue. It is in Pikeville City Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Pikeville KY 41501, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this location. James A. Garfield (here, next to this marker); Garfield at Piketon (here, next to this marker); To the Memory of the Revolutionary Soldiers (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Pikeville College (about 700 feet away); “Spirit of the American Doughboy” (about 700 feet away); County Named, 1821
Official Presidential Portrait of James Abram Garfield image. Click for full size.
Oil by Calvin Curtis, 1881
3. Official Presidential Portrait of James Abram Garfield
(about 800 feet away); Pike Co. Courthouse and Jail (about 800 feet away); Dils Cemetery (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Pikeville.
 
More about this marker. Marker needs cleaning. It is covered with sap from surrounding trees that has collected dirt, making the text difficult to read.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 14, 2020. It was originally submitted on March 5, 2020, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 66 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on December 13, 2020, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio.   2, 3. submitted on March 5, 2020, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.

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