Near Hollywood in St. Mary's County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Remembering Ancestors at the Sotterley Plantation
The Price of Prosperity
— The Middle Passage to Patuxent —
The Price of Prosperity
By the latter part of the 17th century, the development of the plantation economy of Maryland was well established. The shift of political power from English nobles to wealthy planters and fewer indentured servants coming from Europe, created a need for more and cheaper sources of labor. Slavery was legalized in Maryland by 1664, only 30 years after the colony's founding. Importation of captured and kidnapped enslaved Africans increased, with Maryland and Virginia importing about 6,000 enslaved people directly from the African continent by 1700. By 1719, 30 percent of Maryland's population was of African descent. African enslaved populations continued to grow for the next 50 years. To quench their own lust for goods, wealth and power, leaders of coastal African nations preyed on their enemies and were all too eager to supply the conquered and the kidnapped to Europeans and their colonists. Europeans took advantage of this discord.
The Middle Passage to Patuxent
Enslaved Africans in Maryland came from many cultures, such as Igbo, Asante, and the Angolan peoples. In Maryland's early
Beneficiaries of the Slave Trade
James Bowles arrived in Maryland by 1699 and settled on 2,000 acres on the Patuxent River that later became known as Sotterley. Bowles had come from a family of English merchants in the town of Deal in Kent County, England. Generations of his family traded
Sotterley ownership would transfer to the Briscoe family in the 19th century who still relied on chattel slavery for their labor needs. Slavery was a way of life at Sotterley for 165 years until Maryland finally emancipated slaves on November 1, 1864.
Erected 2012 by Middle Passage Ceremonies and Port Markers Project.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African Americans • Colonial Era. A significant historical year for this entry is 1720.
Location. 38° 22.578′ N, 76° 32.52′ W. Marker is near Hollywood, Maryland, in St. Mary's County. Marker can be reached from Sotterley Plantation. Historic Sotterley Plantation 44300 Sotterley Lane Hollywood, MD. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 44300 Sotterley Lane, Hollywood MD 20636, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. War Hits Home (within shouting distance of this marker); Sotterley's Remaining Slave Cabin (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Tobacco's Impact (about 600 feet away); Port of Entry (approx. ¼ mile away); Rosedale (approx. 1.2 miles away); A Place in Chesapeake History (approx. 2.1 miles away); June 1814 — War Visits the Patuxent (approx. 2.1 miles away); Idyllic Retreat — Beach House on the Point (approx. 2.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hollywood.
Regarding Remembering Ancestors at the Sotterley Plantation. Historic Sotterley is located in southern Maryland on the Patuxent River in St. Mary’s County. This region was part of the colonial British/Chesapeake tobacco economy. The owners of the plantation, one of the largest tobacco producers in the Chesapeake region during the 18th century, served as agents for the Royal African Company, supplying fellow landowners with enslaved African labor. The site is the state’s oldest intact colonial farm structure designated as a National Historic Landmark.
The plantation became a Middle Passage arrival site in 1720, when captives from Ghana disembarked.
Also see . . .
1. Middle Passage Ceremonies and Port Markers Project. (Submitted on March 12, 2020, by John Bloomfield of Palm Coast, Florida.)
2. Middle Passage Marker Placement Ceremony. Celebrating the 150th Anniversary of Maryland Emancipation (Submitted on March 12, 2020, by John Bloomfield of Palm Coast, Florida.)
Additional keywords. Middle Passage
Credits. This page was last revised on March 31, 2020. It was originally submitted on March 12, 2020, by John Bloomfield of Palm Coast, Florida. This page has been viewed 525 times since then and 161 times this year. Last updated on March 13, 2020, by John Bloomfield of Palm Coast, Florida. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on March 12, 2020, by John Bloomfield of Palm Coast, Florida. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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