Durham in Durham County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Prelude To Peace
— Carolinas Campaign —
(Preface):The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. Scattered Confederate forces consolidated in North Carolina, the Confederacy's logistical lifeline, where Sherman defeated Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's last-ditch attack at Bentonville. After Sherman was reinforced at Goldsboro late in March, Johnston saw the futility of further resistance and surrendered on April 26, essentially ending the Civil War.
On April 17, 1865, Union Gen. William T. Sherman arrived by train at Durham’s Station (two blocks northeast of here) at the culmination of his Carolinas Campaign to discuss terms of peace at the request of Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, headquartered in nearby Hillsborough. Carrying a telegram in his pocket that announced the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln, Sherman spoke with his cavalry commander, Gen. H. Judson Kilpatrick, near here at the Durham home of Dr. Richard
Since the 1820s, the U.S. Post Office Department had assigned this community various names. It was officially named Durham in 1853, after Dr. Bartlett Durham donated four acres of land for a North Carolina Railroad station and the Durham’s Station post office was established. About 100 people called the hamlet home in 1865, and the community grew rapidly around the station. After the Civil War, Durham developed rapidly as a tobacco and textile manufacturing center. Durham County was established in 1881, and by 1900 its population was more than 26,000 (a century later, the metropolitan area totaled more than 450,000).
(Sidebar): Durham residents comprised the Flat River Guards (Co. B, 6th North Carolina Infantry) and saw heavy action at the First Battle of Manassas in July 1861. The Durham Light Infantry (Co. C) participated in “Pickett’s Charge” against the center of the Union line during the Battle of Gettysburg on July 3, 1863.
Erected by North Carolina Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the North Carolina Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical month for this entry is February 1864.
Location. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Durham NC 27701, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. North Carolina (here, next to this marker); American Tobacco Trail (approx. 0.2 miles away); Emanuel J. Evans, 1907-1997, and Sara N. Evans, 1905-1986 (approx. ¼ mile away); Five Points Loan Company (approx. ¼ mile away); Visionary Leadership in the New South (approx. 0.3 miles away); Dedicated to Those who Served in the World War (approx. 0.3 miles away); Financial and Professional Impact in Durham (approx. 0.3 miles away); Roll of Honor (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Durham.
More about this marker. The top center of the marker contains a photograph of Durham, ca. 1880 - Courtesy of Durham County Library, Durham, N.C. Also on the marker are photographs of Dr. Bartlett Durham Courtesy of Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library, Duke University, and Generals Sherman and Kilpatrick, Courtesy of the Library of Congress. Within the sidebar are photographs of Henry S. Harris, Flat River Guards (Co. B, 6th N.C. Regt.), killed in Va. on May 20, 1863 Courtesy of UNC North Carolina Collection and William T. Redmond, Co. C, 6th N.C. Regt., wounded at Gettysburg, 1925 photograph Courtesy of Durham County Library.
Credits. This page was last revised on March 23, 2021. It was originally submitted on December 24, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 2,358 times since then and 50 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on December 24, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey. 2, 3. submitted on February 5, 2013, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey. 4. submitted on December 24, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey.