Austin in Travis County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
During World War II, segregation prevented African American servicemen from enjoying most civilian restaurants and recreational facilities. In an effort to address this issue, Austin civic leaders urged the city, through its “Negro War Recreation Council,” to provide recreational sites for servicemen on leave from military posts. One such project, a gymnasium-auditorium complex in Rosewood Park, opened in April 1944 and was dedicated to Doris Miller, an African American Pearl Harbor hero. By war’s end, African American servicemen had added but limited “R&R” sites in Austin.
Johnny Holmes responded to this need when he opened the original Victory Grill (a.k.a. Victory Café) in celebration of VJ Day (Victory over Japan Day, August 15, 1945) in a converted icehouse on East 11th Street. Holmes created a venue in East Austin which provided returning African American servicemen with both an accessible dining establishment and blues and jazz entertainment. In 1947, with support from his devoted wife, Basyle Winifred Vanzandt, Holmes built a new structure at 1104 E. 11th Street to house the new Victory Grill.
Johnny Holmes was extremely passionate about the Victory Grill being of service to the community and its patrons, and he took a special interest in making soldiers feel at home. Listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1998, the Victory Grill is a home front cultural landmark of the World War II African American experience.
Texas in World War II - 2010
Marker is property of the State of Texas
Erected 2010 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 15520.)
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African Americans • Entertainment • War, World II. A significant historical date for this entry is August 15, 1945.
Location. 30° 16.143′ N, 97° 43.719′ W. Marker is in Austin, Texas, in Travis County. Marker is on East 11th Street near Waller Street, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1104 E 11th Street, Austin TX 78702, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Metropolitan African Methodist Episcopal Church (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Ebenezer (Third) Baptist Church (about 700 feet away); Wesley United Methodist Church (approx. 0.2 miles away); Winslow Turner (approx. 0.2 miles away); James Allison York (approx. 0.2 miles away); Dr. Gideon Lincecum (approx. 0.2 miles away); George Weedon (approx. 0.2 miles away); State Cemetery of Texas (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Austin.
Credits. This page was last revised on February 11, 2021. It was originally submitted on May 6, 2020, by Larry D. Moore of Del Valle, Texas. This page has been viewed 97 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on May 6, 2020, by Larry D. Moore of Del Valle, Texas.