“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Peoria in Peoria County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)

Peoria, Illinois

Peoria, Illinois Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, May 23, 2020
1. Peoria, Illinois Marker
Inscription.  The city of Peoria was named for the Peoria tribe of the Iliniwek Indian confederacy who once lived here. It was in 1673 that Jacques Marquette and the explorer Louis Jolliet traveled through the widened portion of the Illinois river known as Lake Peoria, on which the city is situated. Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, built Fort Crévecoeur on the bluffs across the river from the present Peoria site in 1680, assisted by Henri Tonti. Because of Indian attacks, the fort was abandoned later that year. In 1691, Henri Tonti returned to the area and along with Francois de La Forest built Fort St. Louis on the banks where the river narrows, just south of Lake Peoria.

Militia units from Illinois and Missouri erected Fort Clark in 1813, in the area that is now downtown Peoria. In 1825 the city was named as the seat of the newly created Peoria County. Peoria was surveyed and laid cut in 1826 by William S. Hamilton, son of Alexander Hamilton. It was incorporated as a town in 1837 and as a city in 1844. At the Peoria Courthouse on October 16, 1854, Abraham Lincoln delivered one of his first speeches denouncing slavery. His remarks were a reply
Paid Advertisement
Click on the ad for more information.
Please report objectionable advertising to the Editor.
Click or scan to see
this page online
to Stephen A. Douglas, who had spoken on behalf of the Kansas-Nebraska Act.

The city's economy is broadly based in agri-business, manufacturing, distribution and services. Heavy construction equipment, wire and wire products, medical services and research, marketing, and communications are major industries. Peoria is the home of Bradley University, a private co-educational institution founded in 1897 with a bequest from Lydia Moss Bradley.
Erected 1986 by Illinois Department of Transportation and The Illinois State Historical Society.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: ExplorationIndustry & CommerceNative AmericansSettlements & Settlers. In addition, it is included in the Illinois State Historical Society series list. A significant historical year for this entry is 1673.
Location. 40° 47.601′ N, 89° 34.83′ W. Marker is in Peoria, Illinois, in Peoria County. Marker is on West Detweiller Drive, 0.2 miles west of North Galena Road (Illinois Route 29), in the median. Marker is located within Detweiller Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 8327 N Galena Rd, Peoria IL 61615, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Peoria's First Airport (approx. 1.8 miles away); Pimiteoui (approx. 3.3 miles away); R. G. LeTourneau's Steel House
Peoria, Illinois Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, May 23, 2020
2. Peoria, Illinois Marker
(approx. 3.4 miles away); Springdale Cemetery (approx. 4.9 miles away); Revolutionary War Veteran (approx. 5 miles away); Springdale Cemetery & Mausoleum (approx. 5.1 miles away); Zeally Moss (approx. 5.2 miles away); a different marker also named Zeally Moss (approx. 5.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Peoria.
Credits. This page was last revised on May 28, 2020. It was originally submitted on May 27, 2020, by Duane and Tracy Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 315 times since then and 97 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on May 27, 2020, by Duane and Tracy Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.

Share this page.  
Share on Tumblr

CeraNet Cloud Computing sponsors the Historical Marker Database.
U.S. FTC REQUIRED NOTICE: This website earns income from qualified purchases you make on Thank you.
Paid Advertisements

Dec. 6, 2023