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White House in Sumner County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

White House and Tyree Springs

Caught in the Grip of War

 
 
White House and Tyree Springs Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, June 21, 2020
1. White House and Tyree Springs Marker
Inscription.  Thousands of soldiers with their wagons, livestock, and equipment travelled on the Louisville and Nashville Turnpike (present-day U.S. Hwy. 31 W) during the Civil War. Early in 1862, Union Gen. Don Carlos Buell's Army of the Ohio used this major north-south transportation route when it marched from Kentucky to Nashville. Confederate cavalry under Gen. John Hunt Morgan ambushed the leading division at Tyree Springs and continuously harassed Union forces along their line of march.

The Stage Coach Inn, or The White House, for which the town is named, stood north of here. South of here, Tyree Springs occupied the halfway point between the Kentucky state line and Nashville. Briefly home to the Western Military Institute (under Commandant Bushrod R. Johnson, later a Confederate general) late in the 1850s, Tyree Springs was also a famous summer resort.

Tyree Springs's plentiful water prompted both sides to station troops there at different times. Noted partisan ranger Ellis Harper first mustered into Confederate service with the 30th Tennessee Infantry at the Tyree Springs Hotel in 1861. On December 23, 1862, the hotel burned
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to the ground. Although locals and Southern newspapers attributed the fire to Union soldiers, its cause was never determined.

“Just after dark, in the midst of our horse-feeding and coffeeboiling, a bright reflection was observed over the trees in the direction of the Springs. The light rapidly increased in intensity and compass until the whole northern sky was illuminated. Soon the huge columns of smoke that began to roll up above the woods, … confirmed too truly our fears that the hotel was on fire.” — Sgt. John A.B. Williams, 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry

(Captions)
Northern Middle Tennessee, ca. 1865 -Library of Congress
Morgan's Raiders, Harper's Pictorial History of the Civil War (1896)
Gen. Don Carlos Buell, Courtesy Library of Congress
Gen. John Hunt Morgan, Courtesy Library of Congress
 
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: DisastersIndustry & CommerceWar, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical date for this entry is December 23, 1862.
 
Location. 36° 28.087′ N, 86° 39.203′ W. Marker is in White House, Tennessee, in Sumner County. Marker
White House and Tyree Springs Marker detail image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, June 21, 2020
2. White House and Tyree Springs Marker detail
can be reached from U.S. 31W south of College Street, on the left when traveling south. Marker is located at White Springs Public Library entrance. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 105 College St, White House TN 37188, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. White House Stage Coach Inn (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Tyree Springs (approx. 2.4 miles away); New Hope Baptist Church (approx. 4.3 miles away); Station Camp Baptist Church (approx. 5.8 miles away); In Memory of Revolutionary War Soldier Thomas Cotton (approx. 6˝ miles away); Bridal House (approx. 6˝ miles away); Thomas Kilgore (approx. 6.7 miles away); Beech Cumberland Presbyterian Church (approx. 7 miles away).
 
White House and Tyree Springs Marker detail image. Click for full size.
Library of Congress
3. White House and Tyree Springs Marker detail
Morgan's Raiders, Harper's Weekly Pictorial History of the Civil War (1896)
White House and Tyree Springs Marker detail image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, June 21, 2020
4. White House and Tyree Springs Marker detail
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 24, 2020. It was originally submitted on June 24, 2020, by Duane and Tracy Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 927 times since then and 257 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on June 24, 2020, by Duane and Tracy Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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Jun. 20, 2024