Fredericton in York County, New Brunswick — The Atlantic Provinces
New Brunswick's 104th Regiment of Foot
104e régiment d'infanterie du Nouveau-Brunswick
— 1813-2013 —
In the winter of 1813, New Brunswick’s 104th Regiment of Foot marched over 1,100 km from Fredericton to Kingston, in present-day Ontario, to support the British effort during the War of 1812. This expedition is regarded as one of the great troop movements in history. While there were recruits from Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Upper and Lower Canada and Britain, the 104th Regiment of Foot was made up primarily of New Brunswickers. The diverse composition and fortitude of the 104th Regiment of Foot mirrors the essence of New Brunswick and Canada today. Its accomplishments speak to our resilience and pride as New Brunswickers to face challenges and move forward together.
Provincial Heritage Place
Au cours de l'hiver de 1813, le 104e Régiment d'infanterie du Nouveau-Brunswick parcourt à pied plus d 1 100 km entre Fredericton et Kingston, aujourd’hui en Ontario, afin de soutenir l'effort britannique pendant la guerre de 1812. Cette expédition est considérée comme l'un des grands mouvements de troupes de l'histoire. Même s’il compte des recrues de la Nouvelle-Écosse,
Lieu du patrimoine provincial
Erected 2014 by Province of New Brunswick.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Colonial Era • War of 1812. A significant historical year for this entry is 1813.
Location. 45° 57.69′ N, 66° 38.345′ W. Marker is in Fredericton, New Brunswick, in York County. Marker can be reached from Queen Street (New Brunswick Route 102) just west of Sainte Anne's Point Drive, on the right when traveling west. Marker and monument are located at the Officers' Square Provincial Heritage site. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 575 Queen Street, Fredericton NB E3B 4Y7, Canada. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Right Honourable William Maxwell Lord Beaverbrook (within shouting distance of this marker); Epic Winter March of New Brunswick Soldiers in the War of 1812 (within shouting distance of this marker); Birthplace of the Canadian Army (within shouting distance of this marker); Juliana Horatia (Gatty) Ewing (within shouting distance of this marker); Charles Rainsford's Brave Rescue (within shouting distance of this marker); Anatomy of the Guard (within shouting distance of this marker); York County Court House / Le Palais de Justice du Comté de York (about 150 meters away, measured in a direct line); Fredericton Military Compound / Le Complexe Militaire de Frédéricton (about 180 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fredericton.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. New Brunswick's 104th Regiment of Foot
Also see . . .
1. March 1813: The 104th New Brunswick Regiment of Foot. This winter trek, which took 34 days of marching over almost two months, was necessitated by the threat of US invasion of Upper Canada. Indeed, in April 1813 the US invaded, pillaged and burned York (now Toronto), the capital of Upper Canada. British forces in its provinces to the north of the US were severely outnumbered and were reliant on militia, natives, and a few regular soldiers. Thus the decision was made to march the 104th Regiment, based in New Brunswick, overland from Fredericton to Kingston. (Submitted on July 6, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
2. History and Uniform of the 104th (New Brunswick) Regiment of Foot. The headquarters and grenadier companies set out on snowshoes from Fredericton on 16 February 1813; one battalion company followed each succeeding day, with the light company bringing up the rear. In spite of temperatures of -31C (-25F) the detachments arrived in Quebec in mid-March, travelling 550km (350 mi.) in twenty-four days. After two weeks in garrison at Quebec, the 104th set out for Kingston; they arrived on 12 April having covered a total distance of 1125km (700 mi.). (Submitted on July 6, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
3. Monument unveiled marking Officers’ Square as Provincial Heritage Place. During the War of 1812, the New Brunswick 104th Regiment of Foot gathered in Officers’ Square before embarking on a 1,100-kilometer journey to Kingston, Ontario. From there, the regiment took part in many of the war’s key battles. The concept for the monument was inspired, in part, by John F. Irving and its construction was supported by Commercial Properties Ltd. (Submitted on July 7, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Credits. This page was last revised on July 8, 2020. It was originally submitted on July 5, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 128 times since then and 29 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on July 6, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.