Milton in Santa Rosa County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
Existing Foundations: Sawmill and Textile Mill
Arcadia Mill Archaeological Site
No Historic maps, drawings, blueprints or photographs are known to exist that would provide clues about Arcadia’s site layout or methods of operation. Archaeological excavations have exposed structural remains that provided key information used to interpret the site’s history and function.
Sawmill Foundation on Dam
Below the Arcadia dam, a 70 foot by 40 foot wooden post and beam foundation has mortises that supported vertical posts or uprights, indicating a second floor. This two-story was likely the sawmill, with the power transmission system on the first floor and the saws and other milling equipment on the second floor. This mill probably contained the sash or gang saw.
Second Sawmill and Textile Mill Foundations
Second Sawmill: At the eastern end of the Arcadia complex, excavations have revealed the remains of two structures. The larger of the two measured about 114 feet by 50 feet. A millrace channeled water to this mill from the mill pond. The sandstone foundation probably supported a wood framed building , apparently another sawmill, that may have housed two single saws, a planning mill,
Textile Mill: The second structure located within the footprint of the first structure, measured about 96 feet by 35 feet. This foundation supported a brick building. Recovered textile machinery revealed the buildings function as a textile mill, with a water wheel likely to have been located in the building’s northwest corner.
Millrace: North of the textile mill further excavation revealed two massive sandstone walls in a low depression along Pond Creek. Apparently designed to withstand a tremendous volume of water emerging from the canal, the walls appear to form a funnel that channeled water from the cannel into Pond Creek. This was the mill’s plunge pool and tailrace.
Erected by University of West Florida Historic Trust.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Horticulture & Forestry • Industry & Commerce.
Location. 30° 36.79′ N, 87° 4.988′ W. Marker is in Milton, Florida, in Santa Rosa County. Marker can be reached from Mill Pond Lane, 0.1 miles north of Juan de Laurua Court when traveling north. Marker located within the Arcadia Mill Archaeological Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 5709 Mill Pond Lane, Milton FL 32583, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Millrace (within shouting distance of this marker); Arcadia Mill (within shouting distance of this marker); Arcadia Dam and Water Works (within shouting distance of this marker); Arcadia Community (within shouting distance of this marker); Arcadia Dam (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Arcadia’s Cotton Textile Mill (about 400 feet away); Arcadia Railroad & Twitchell Sawmill (about 400 feet away); Plunge Pool (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Milton.
Also see . . . Explore Arcadia Mill. Historic Pensacola (Submitted on July 22, 2020.)
Credits. This page was last revised on July 22, 2020. It was originally submitted on July 20, 2020, by Brandon D Cross of Flagler Beach, Florida. This page has been viewed 103 times since then and 11 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on July 20, 2020, by Brandon D Cross of Flagler Beach, Florida. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.