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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Near Cleveland in Bradley County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Union IV Corps at Blue Springs

The Calm Before the Storm

 
 
Union IV Corps at Blue Springs Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, July 26, 2020
1. Union IV Corps at Blue Springs Marker
Inscription.  After Union victories at Chattanooga in November 1863, the Union Army IV Corps's First Division, led by Gen. David S. Stanley, camped in this valley and made preparations for the Atlanta Campaign. By April 1864, more than 9,000 men were present, confronting Confederate lines at nearby Dalton, Georgia. Col. William Grose wrote that the site was "a good camping ground, [with] good water and plenty of wood." Stanley reported, "Our position was one of risk, but I made our fortified hill so strong that is was a veritable place d'armes [military parade ground]. Many officers sent for their wives and we had a very domestic time. ... The evening meetings were rich in fun, joke and song, helping to while away the dreary winter of 1863-1864." Religious services also were held here.

Chaplain Father Peter Cooney wrote of a harsh winter and a 10-inch snowfall late in March. On February 10, 1864, Col. Grose and Col. Louis Waters, both based at Blue Springs, delivered patriotic speeches in Cleveland to more than 2,000 people who gathered to cheer the raising of the Stars and Stripes.

The Federals here also guarded against Confederate
Union IV Corps at Blue Springs Marker Detail image. Click for full size.
By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, July 26, 2020
2. Union IV Corps at Blue Springs Marker Detail
IV Corps wagons near Blue Springs, 1864 Courtesy U.S. Army Military History Institute
raids into Tennessee and tested enemy defenses. On February 22-27, a demonstration against the Confederates near Dalton resulted in heavy fighting that left hundreds dead, wounded, and captured on both sides. The Atlanta Campaign began when the camps emptied in early May 1864.

(Captions)
Bottom left: IV Corps wagons near Blue Springs, 1864 - Courtesy U.S. Army Military History Institute
Top right: Easter Sunday 1864 services, Blue Springs, conducted by Father Peter Cooney, chaplain, 35th Indiana (First Irish) Infantry - Courtesy Library of Congress
Bottom right: 36th Indiana Infantry posing in battle formation, Blue Springs - Courtesy U.S. Army Military History Institute
 
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails series list.
 
Location. 35° 5.267′ N, 84° 54.601′ W. Marker is near Cleveland, Tennessee, in Bradley County. Marker is on Old Blue Springs Road west of Blue Springs Road Southeast, on the left when traveling west. Marker located at entrance to Blue Spring Park. Touch for map
Union IV Corps at Blue Springs Marker Detail image. Click for full size.
By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, July 26, 2020
3. Union IV Corps at Blue Springs Marker Detail
Easter Sunday 1864 services, Blue Springs, conducted by Father Peter Cooney, chaplain, 35th Indiana (First Irish) Infantry Courtesy Library of Congress
. Marker is at or near this postal address: 5000 Blue Springs Road Southeast, Cleveland TN 37311, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Fort Hill Cemetery (approx. 4.9 miles away); Union Monument (approx. 5 miles away); Allen Grammar School (approx. 5.2 miles away); Cooper Cemetery (approx. 5.2 miles away); Cleveland During the Civil War (approx. 5.3 miles away); Col. Benjamin Cleveland (approx. 5.3 miles away); College Hill School (approx. 5.4 miles away); Oak Grove Male Academy (approx. 5˝ miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cleveland.
 
Union IV Corps at Blue Springs Marker Detail image. Click for full size.
By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, July 26, 2020
4. Union IV Corps at Blue Springs Marker Detail
36th Indiana Infantry posing in battle formation, Blue Springs Courtesy U.S. Army Military History Institute
Union IV Corps at Blue Springs Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, July 26, 2020
5. Union IV Corps at Blue Springs Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 28, 2020. It was originally submitted on July 27, 2020, by Duane Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 83 times since then and 9 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on July 27, 2020, by Duane Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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Feb. 25, 2021