New York, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Bulkhead Line Est. by Dept. of Docks in 1871
This line in the pavement represents the western edge of Manhattan in 1871. By that time, the shoreline had already been extended well to the west of the original location, which lay along present day Greenwich Street. The fill that expanded the island contains timber, cribbing, soils from the leveling of hills, debris, and even scuttled boats, which helped to stabilize the made land.
The bulkhead is not only a line recorded on city maps. It is also a series of physical retaining structures extending from Battery Place northward to 59th Street, built and re-built over time in sections. The section at West Thames Street was concrete with timber vertical piles and inclined bracing piles. The piers that once crowded the Hudson River shoreline of Lower Manhattan were largely removed in the late 1960s, and soil from the excavation for the First World Trade Center was used to create more new land, today’s Battery Park City. The historic bulkhead wall was buried at that time.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Man-Made Features.
Location. 40° 42.475′ Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: New York NY 10003, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Downtown Athletic Club (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); The West Street Building (approx. 0.2 miles away); American Stock Exchange (approx. 0.2 miles away); Thomas Randall (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Cherub Gate (approx. 0.2 miles away); Birthplace of Columbia University (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Anne Frank Tree (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named American Stock Exchange (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New York.
Also see . . . The Changing Shoreline of New York City. NYPL map with a "now and then" juxtaposition. (Submitted on August 1, 2020, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.)
Credits. This page was last revised on August 1, 2020. It was originally submitted on August 1, 2020, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. This page has been viewed 38 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on August 1, 2020, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.