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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Republic in Marquette County, Michigan — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

The Republic Open Pit Mine

 
 
The Republic Open Pit Mine Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, August 27, 2014
1. The Republic Open Pit Mine Marker
Inscription.  The low-grade hematitic cherty iron formation (band 3 in the diagram) provided the raw material for the production of concentrated iron ore pellets. As the depth of the pit increased, the primary crusher was installed in the 300-foot high wall (to your immediate left) at the bottom of the pit. Following drilling and blasting on the various benches, the ore was trucked to the crusher which reduced the ore to chunks less than 6 inches in size. A 2,814 foot conveyor then lifted the ore 647 feet to the processing plant. Within the processing plant the ore was ground to a fine powder consistency and put through flotation and filtration processes which raised the iron ore content to 65 per cent. Marble sized pellets were produced in revolving drums and hardened in revolving kilns at 2,440 degrees Fahrenheit.
 
Erected by Republic Area Historical Society and Cleveland-Cliffs Iron Incorporated.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Industry & Commerce.
 
Location. 46° 24.21′ N, 87° 58.915′ W. Marker is
Marker detail: Republic Mine Diagram image. Click for full size.
2. Marker detail: Republic Mine Diagram
1 • Overburden
2 • Quartzite
3 • Banded Hematitic Cherty Iron Formation, Disseminated Hematitic Cherty Iron Formation
4 • Magnetic Cherty Iron Formation
5 • Basic Intrusive Sill
6 • Banded Magnetic Silicate Iron Formation
7 • Granite
in Republic, Michigan, in Marquette County. Marker can be reached from Park City Road 0.2 miles south of River Road (County Road 601), on the right when traveling south. This is one of several interpretive markers at observation site overlooking the former Republic Open Pit Mine. Site access is from a parking area on the west side of Park City Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Republic MI 49879, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Reopening the Mine and Moving Republic (here, next to this marker); Community History and Other Industries (here, next to this marker); The Life of a Miner (here, next to this marker); Early Mine Exploration and Development (a few steps from this marker); Welcome to the Republic Open Pit Mine Observation Site (a few steps from this marker); The Republic Iron Company (approx. 0.2 miles away); Cecil E. Munson Memorial (approx. 0.2 miles away); Old Kloman Bridge (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Republic.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. The Republic Iron Mine, Republic, Michigan
 
Also see . . .
1. Republic Mine, Upper Peninsula Michigan, 1978 (YouTube). (Here are some rare images of this massive open pit iron ore mine when it still operated. Includes a view looking into a cone gyratory crusher.) The Republic Mine operated until 1981
Marker detail: High Wall and In-Pit Primary Crusher image. Click for full size.
3. Marker detail: High Wall and In-Pit Primary Crusher
To improve operating efficiency, a new crusher was installed at the bottom of the pit within the wall.
producing hematite iron ore. Over 600 feet deep near its end of operation the mine had a conveyor belt in a bored tunnel running from the bottom of the pit to the top, where a plant further processed and pelletized the or for transport. (Submitted on August 7, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

2. Republic Iron Mine. This opencast mine is now closed, and the groundwater filled the huge pit to a certain level. Above this level, the mined ore is easy to see. The pit is 200m deep and has an area of 100ha. It is the only open pit mine in Michigan open for free public viewing. There is an observation stand near the pit's edge. The mine is owned by Cleveland Cliffs Iron Company, who also own Tilden Mine, which is still operating. (Submitted on August 7, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Marker detail: Republic Open Pit Mine,<br>looking west, ca. 1970’s image. Click for full size.
4. Marker detail: Republic Open Pit Mine,
looking west, ca. 1970’s
The Republic Open Pit Mine Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, August 27, 2014
5. The Republic Open Pit Mine Marker
(last of the two markers on the right)
Republic Open Pit Mine Ruins image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, August 27, 2014
6. Republic Open Pit Mine Ruins
(looking southeast from observation site)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 8, 2020. It was originally submitted on August 7, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 38 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on August 7, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.
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Jan. 25, 2021