Plainview in Hale County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
Discovery Site of the Plainview Point
(200 yards SE)
The first of this distinctive type of early man dart point was found by 15-year-old Val Keene Whitacre in 1941, in a caliche quarry on Running Water Draw. In 1944, quarry workers uncovered a fossil bone deposit, which was noted by scientists surveying the geology of the Plains. The next year a team of archeologists from the University of Texas, including Dr. E. H. Sellards and Dr. Alex D. Krieger, excavated the site and found 26 man-made artifacts, including several of the points, in association with the remains of about 100 extinct bison (Bison taylori), about twice the size of modern species. The long flint point was then named for this site.
The bone bed probably resulted from the primitive hunting method of stampeding bison over a cliff, and butchering of the dead and crippled animals for food. The cliff eroded away and covered the bones with 12 to 14 feet of silt. When exposed, the bone bed was 62 feet long, up to 10 feet wide, and 1.5 feet thick. Radiocarbon dating indicates that this site is 8,000 to 9,000 years old.
The Plainview point is found most commonly in the Great Plains region of
Erected 1973 by State Historical Survey Committee. (Marker Number 1228.)
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Paleontology. A significant historical year for this entry is 1941.
Location. 34° 10.853′ N, 101° 42.913′ W. Marker is in Plainview, Texas, in Hale County. Marker is on Joliet Street, ¼ mile south of West 5th Street, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Plainview TX 79072, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Quanah Parker Trail (a few steps from this marker); Plainview Cemetery and Memorial Park (approx. 0.2 miles away); Edwin Lowden Lowe (approx. ¼ mile away); Rawleigh Porteus Smyth (approx. ¼ mile away); W. J. "Jeff" Williams (approx. 0.3 miles away); Emma Grigsby Meharg (approx. 0.3 miles away); Seth Ward College (approx. 0.4 miles away); Wayland Heritage Plaza (approx. 0.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Plainview.
Credits. This page was last revised on August 23, 2020. It was originally submitted on June 20, 2017, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. This page has been viewed 292 times since then and 33 times this year. Last updated on August 23, 2020, by Allen Lowrey of Amarillo, Texas. Photos: 1. submitted on June 20, 2017, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. 2, 3. submitted on August 23, 2020, by Allen Lowrey of Amarillo, Texas. 4, 5. submitted on June 20, 2017, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. 6. submitted on June 28, 2020, by Allen Lowrey of Amarillo, Texas. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.